New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Bonds, The Cell, and Compounds EXAM STUDY GUIDE

by: Danielle

Bonds, The Cell, and Compounds EXAM STUDY GUIDE 004

Marketplace > Pennsylvania State University > Biology > 004 > Bonds The Cell and Compounds EXAM STUDY GUIDE
Penn State
Human Body: Form and Function
S.J. John

Almost Ready


These notes were just uploaded, and will be ready to view shortly.

Purchase these notes here, or revisit this page.

Either way, we'll remind you when they're ready :)

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

With a little bit of chemistry and biology mixed together, this is a great study guide for an introductory to the form of the human body and what within it makes it possible to live and function as...
Human Body: Form and Function
S.J. John
Study Guide
50 ?




Popular in Human Body: Form and Function

Popular in Biology

This 7 page Study Guide was uploaded by Danielle on Thursday September 11, 2014. The Study Guide belongs to 004 at Pennsylvania State University taught by S.J. John in Fall2014. Since its upload, it has received 118 views. For similar materials see Human Body: Form and Function in Biology at Pennsylvania State University.


Reviews for Bonds, The Cell, and Compounds EXAM STUDY GUIDE


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/11/14
Study Guide EXAM 1 Exam Date Monday September 15th Bi Sci Human Body Form and Function Elements and Their Abbreviations The Components of an Atom Element Name Abbreviation Subatomm Pamcle Charge El N 39 h Carbon C ectron egative C arge oxygen 0 Proton Positive Charge N t N t I Ch Hydrogen H eu ron eu ra arge Nitrogen N 6 protons Calcium Ca 6 neutrons Sodium Na Chlorine Cl Potassium K 9 electron Sulfur S Q proton Magnesium Mg 0 neutron Carbon atom Manganese Mn example to show where protons neutrons and electrons are located An ATOM is the smallest unit of an element composed of protons neutrons and electrons an atom is NOT charged when there are the same amount of protons and electrons because they cancel each other out due to their positivenegative charges To form a COMPOUND electrons are GIVEN ionic TAKEN ionic or SHARED covalent frombetween two atoms to satisfy the electron shell outer most orbital with 8 electrons Ionic Bonding When forming a compound an atom givesreceives an eectrons tofrom another atom to satisfy the electron shell with 8 electrons example Sodium Chloride NaCl quot Na cl Na cl Sodium atom Chlorine atom Sodium ion Chloride ion K a cation an anion I V Sodium chloride Nacl Copyright PR Pearson Education Inc publishing as Beniamin Cummings Study Guide EXAM 1 Exam Date Monday September 15th Covalent Bonding When forming a compound electrons are shared between two atoms to satisfy the electron shells with 8eectrons example Water H20 39uvulnn39 Bum PROPERTIES OF WATER quot the pH of water is 7 I Surface Tension 2 Solvent except in tats 3 Liquid water Solid ice Gas vapor 4 Regulates pH levels 5 Cohesion and Adhesion 39uvuluzf Bond Bohr Model of H20 WHAT IS pH pH is the negative log of hydrogen ions present in a compound The MORE hydrogen ions present the LOWER the pH level ACID The LESS hydrogen ions present the HIGHER the pH level BASE pH of Common Substances ACIDIC NEUTRAL ALKALINE OR BASIC O L N Q 5 UI CD I O D 5 O 5 5 5 N 5 U 3 hi 2 3 5agmagag 38833 E 988 23 O 1 Q C Em lt1 ltDv c Q U 00 E ooUgtcnO av lt E gg32mm 2Zm E uJoJ g 3 3 C0 O E 8 gt39o30gt0C322 quot939539E 5 8gt9 0 3 3 1 CcQQDUTU mob 0quotI Q 0 C V 3 2 8 gi39rJ lt 3I U g8 39 co 3 E OCL9 L a 53826 lt60 5 0 umaE 0 913 9 w s s5 es 3323 g g g s g E S z 8quot 9 8c8 8 E 9 E 9 o A 3 ltxE ca 0 5 E g In 0 U DO 0 Uo l 5 lt F C E 3 38 53 5 lg 39 L 5 9 m1 S 5 c U 0 00 lt 8 quotE 2 39 3 5 8 I 9 Valency is the number of electrons that an atom can give or take combining capacity Hydrogen 1 valency Oxygen 2 valency Nitrogen 3 valency Carbon 4 valency Study Guide EXAM 1 Exam Date Monday September 15th CARBOHYDRATES 3 Types of Carbohydrates 1 Monosaccharide Provide you with quick energy Glucose Made up of Carbon Hydrogen and Oxygen Fructose 39 Qdrph3939C b h glucose and fructose have the same 39 39mp est Car as quot formula C6H1206 but have different structures H ISOMERS C6 1 2 Prv 2 Disaccharide Maltose Sucrose table surgar 3 Polysaccharide ISOMERS two compounds with the SAME Starch formula but have different structures All carbohydrates consist of the following molecules Monosaccharide contains one saccharide molecule Disaccharide contains two saccharlde molecules Q Polysaccha ride contains many sacchande molecules FATS Made up of Carbon Hydrogen and Oxygen Hydrophobic 3 fatty acids 1 glycerol 1 FAT MOLECULE STEROIDS sex hormones SATURATED FAT UNSATURATED FAT Found in animals lard butter steak Found in olive peanut vegetable amp sesame oil DO NOT react with other compounds can t break down REACT with other compounds Can break down Hydrophobic Hydrophobic Study Guide EXAM 1 PROTEINS Made up of Carbon Hydrogen Oxygen and Nitrogen Formed when AMINO ACIDS are linked together by Joejaticfe Eomis AMINO ACIDS 23 different tgpeel 4 amino acids bonded together 1 PROTEIN NH3 Ammonia NH2Amino Group HCOOH Formic Acid COOH Acid Groups Exam Date Monday September 15th Amino acids form when ammonia loses a hydrogen and forms an amino group and the acid group forms when formic acid loses a hydrogen R ang group Ditierentiatee one protein from another protein Amino Group Acid Group 3 THE CELL Parts of the Cell Function Purpose The cell is the emalleet structure of life NUCleUS Can be ang ehape due to cell membrane Nuclear Membrane it ie reeponeible for performing metabolic functions respiration Cytoplasm digestion reproduction Cell Membrane 39 Holds DNA 39 Surrounded by a Nuclear Membrane Separates the nucleus from the cytoplasm Consists of water and holds the organelles SEMIPERMIABLE Dictates what enters and exits the cell Made up of PROTEINS FATS amp CARBS Study Guide EXAM 1 Exam Date Monday September 15th Components of CELL MEMBRANE Integral Proteins Found in the middle of the cell membrane Channel for molecules to come in and out of the cell Peripheral Proteins Found at the edges of cell proteins Phospholipids 2 layers on both sides of cell membrane Lipids phosphorus LIPID hydrophobic PHOSPHORUS hydrophilic Glycoprotein Carbohydrate Protein Helps make the cell membrane semipermeable gyCoC6H12O6 Glycolipid Carbohydrate Lipid Helps make the cell membrane semipermeable gyCoC6H12O6 Cholesterol Type of lipid quot39 39 Olbgoooochorido coyooprouan cuyooupsd quotquotquotquotquotquotquot quot39 quotquot Inuanl Fatty ocyl toils Hydrophlllc polar Podohornl Drouins hood I Study Guide EXAM 1 Exam Date Monday September 15th Meiotic Cellular Division Mitotic Cellular Division Each new daughter cell 4 has 23 chromosomes Each new daughter cell has 46 chromosomes OCCUFS in Sperm arid 999 Cells Generally occurs in almost every cell HAP Om DIPLOID


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

50 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Jennifer McGill UCSF Med School

"Selling my MCAT study guides and notes has been a great source of side revenue while I'm in school. Some months I'm making over $500! Plus, it makes me happy knowing that I'm helping future med students with their MCAT."

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.