Essay Exam Study Guide
Essay Exam Study Guide ENG 222
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This 6 page Study Guide was uploaded by Joseph Liverman on Monday September 21, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to ENG 222 at James Madison University taught by C. Swartzentruber, M. Thompson in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 271 views. For similar materials see GENRE(S) (Lecture) in Foreign Language at James Madison University.
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Date Created: 09/21/15
English Essay Study Guide Potential Essav Questions Q Explain Patriarchy as Allan G Johnson describes it in The Gender Knot Key Allan G Johnson describes the patriarchy as having three main characteristics 1 Male dominated Men control nearly all of the powerful positions Politicians doctors lawyers judges and CEOs are virtually all men This allows men to gain greater nancial power and to have a greater say in the future of our society 2 Male identi ed Our culture s idea of what is good or normal is typically associated with masculinity For instance the masculine values such as strength courage control competitiveness toughness and decisiveness are all considered good whereas the feminine virtues such as sensitivity cooperation equality sharing and compassion are typically considered weak or quotbadquot 3 Male centered The focus of our society is typically on men and what they do Pick up any newspaper watch the news read a book or watch a movie and typically the man is the main character the center of attention the protagonist Women are typically only along for the ride serving as a love interest or supporting character Contrary to popular belief saying that patriarchy is a quotbadquot thing is not the same as saying that men are a bad thing Q In A Room of One s Own Virginia Woolf describes some of the difficulties that female writers have to overcome She uses an imaginary sibling of William Shakespeare named Judith to explain these difficulties How do Will s and Judith s lives differ according to Woolf Key Wi M Educated in Latin and literature Wasn t educated at all Wild and rebellious Betrothed from a young age Had premarital sex Fees from her family to London Got a job in theatre worked his way up Laughed at for trying to act as a Honed his acting skills woman Networked with other men Massive stereotypes to overcome Had great success Kis herself According to Woolf there are an enormous amount of obstacles that female writers have to overcome which is why there is no quotfemale Shakespearequot no great female writer There are many reasons for this as listed above It was very common for women to share a room too Many women didn t even have a quiet space for themselves to write or read whereas men had their studies Another crucial thing to keep in mind is that there was an entire culture he bent on keeping women from writing if a father caught his daughter writing he would chastise her for being foolish and unwomanly and tell her that she should do more feminine things such as sewing or cooking Q Describe the Cult of True Womanhood39s 4 virtues and give examples from The Awakening which demonstrate these virtues Key 1 Piety Essentially the same as holiness 2 Purity Not having sex before marriage not wearing revealing clothing etc 3 Submissiveness Listening to your husband s orders not disagreeing with him etc 4 Domesticity Cleaning cooking sewing tending to the children etc Women were expected to adhere to these virtues In fact the culture back then actually tod women that this would give them more power because their husbands would like them more Examples Piety When Edna was rst adjusting to Creole culture she was shocked at how open they were with sexuality among other things quotShe could not keep the mounting coor back from her cheeksquot p53 Purity When Robert kept touching her hand but she kept rejecting him quotAs gently she repulsed himquot p55 Submissiveness How she submitted to her husband s desires for her to check up on the children despite the fact that she didn t want to quotMrs Pontellier sprang out of bed and went into the next roomquot p48 Domesticity Edna is not very domestic as is pointed out on page 48 when her husband reprimands her quotHe reproached his wife with her inattention her habitual neglect of the childrenquot Q How have the roles of women changed since the 19th century Key This one is pretty selfexplanatory but there are some key changes Women can now vote Women are now allowed to work in any eld so long as they meet the requirements Women are not expected to have children they can if they want to Women are not expected to be pure although there are still some cultural rami cations for sleeping around Women are not expected to be submissive they may disagree with their husbands if they wish Women are not expected to get married they can if they want to Q Elaborate on the quottragic mulattoquot gure which recurs throughout African American literature Speci cally explain how Helga is a tragic mulatto gure giving examples from Quicksand and Passing Key The quottragic mulattoquot gure is a gure which recurs throughout African American history At rst only men were portrayed as the tragic mulatto However with Quicksand and Passing Helga became the rst female quottragic mulattoquot gure The major component of the tragic mulatto gure is that he is half white and half black yet doesn t t in with either blacks or white He experiences a sort of psychological divide between acting white and acting quotblackquot because he is partially both yet fully neither The tragic mulatto experiences a cultural crisis as they don t really t in anywhere This is evident in Hega s not tting in during her time spent in Harlem she is advised not to tell anyone that she is half white as they may ostracize her When she goes to Europe she is treated quite well however doesn t t in with their culture either She s treated as a quottoken black personquot a mere object to admire Key pages to pull quotes from p64 p67 p69 p74 p92 p96 Q Are Helga and Edna more alike than different or more different than alike Key Alike They are both dissatis ed with the culture that they exist in Edna is upset that women cannot truy express themselves without severe judgment and ostracization Helga is upset at the massive racial inequality that exists They both cannot express their sexuality for fear of being socially outcast Edna cannot openy express her sexuality with Robert and Helga cannot openy express her sexuality with Dr Anderson for Quicksand and Passing see p71 p83 p84 p87 and p89 They both feel out of place Helga is out of place as she doesn t t in with blacks nor whites and Edna is out of place because she feels as if all of the women around her are sexually and emotionally asleep Different Edna is of a much higher class than Helga Hega is moving down in class whereas Edna is trying to move up Hega is far more rebellious against gender norms Q Compare and contrast black women39s sexual repression and expression in Quicksand and Passing vs WEB Dubois39s The Damnation of Women Key The idea behind black women s sexual repression and expression is as follows White men typically had the opinion that all black women were hypersexual so in response the African American community tried to desexualize their women Thus African American women were forced to either act as the nun or the prostitute A key concept that Dubois hammers down on is the idea that African American women are extremely motherly and slavery robbed them of this trait it prevented them from being with their families raising their children having a say over what their children did etc He also zeroes in on the concept that women exist merely for men Quicksand and Passing focuses a lot on these ideas as well Helga struggles to express her sexuality as if she does she will simply reinforce the white man s stereotype of her She is forced to either be seen as the prostitute or as the nun not as a normal woman with sexual desires Helga is not however very motherly she expresses distaste at becoming a mother Despite this she ends up having many children Q Compare the male coming of age archetype to the female coming of age archetype Give examples from any of the novels we39ve read in class Male Coming of Age Archetype Female Coming of Age Archetypes Chidhood is spent in a rural area Has epiphanies at a later age Moves to the city Does not move Gains an education and independence s tied down by family Encounters mentors Has no mentors or educann Has 2 romances one good one bad Ony has bad romances Reintegrates into society Does not reintegrate into society Essay Tips and Guidelines 1 Give examples from the book and site the page number in text Eg quotQuote 1quot Larsen p43 2 Have the PDF s printed out before you start the essay so that you can pull examples from them 3 Don t use racist terminology even though it s used in the books Instead of using terms such as mulatto negro or colored use the terms African American or biracial
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