World Civilization study Guide #1
World Civilization study Guide #1 HIST 1112
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This 6 page Study Guide was uploaded by Maurice Notetaker on Wednesday March 16, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to HIST 1112 at East Georgia State College taught by Dr. Mary Waalkes in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 151 views. For similar materials see in Global Studies at East Georgia State College.
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Date Created: 03/16/16
Maurice Greening 16 March 2016 POLS 2401 Global Issues Robert A Mullins Global Issues Study Guide 2 IChap 18 Europe from 17151789 1 Enlightened Despots 0 Seeming contradiction in terms 0 Absolutist monarchs but with Enlightment thinking did not refer to divine rights to rule 0 Agreed to many natural rights but upheld by the king rather than a constitution or bill of rights We hold these truths to be selfevident that all men are created equal that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights that among these are Life Liberty and the pursuit of HappinessThat to secure these rights Governments are instituted among Men deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed from the American Declaration of Independence 2 Fear of mob rule 0 Most people had no voice in government 0 Mob activity rough music vigilante action way to express strong views 0 Often resulted in violence destruction of property 0 Belief that democracy would result in the same 0 And maj oritytyranny over minorities 0 Democracy Democracy is nothing more than mob rule where 51 of the people may take away the rights of the other 49 Thomas Jefferson Republic Representative government with checks and balances more likely to protect rights of all But only if the public is educated and Virtuous 3 France and the limits of enlightened rule Nation deeply in debt following Louis XIV Louis XVI was honest but not a politician Pressured into making limited reforms But was indecisive slow and resisted other reforms feudal rights Would not satisfy revolutionaries 4 Britain Parliament consisted of House of Lords and House of Commons House of Lords made up of nobles House of Commons made up of rich landed gentry Most people could not vote Interests of the wealthy were protected But Bill of Rights 1689 provided some help 5 Parliamentary government 0 Role of the Prime Minister Mediate between the king and Parliament Represent the party in power But believed party politics were wrong Concept of a loyal opposition developing Whigs and ToriesT own and Country 6 Prussia and absolutism 0 Hohenzollern dynasty ruled for centuries 0 Court was in Berlin 0 Elector of Brandenburg helped elect HRE 0 One of many principalities in north Germany 0 Poor resources and no natural defenses 0 Landowning noblesJunkers Had serfs Controlled the representative assemblies 7 Growth of Prussia O Brandenburg lost 13 of population in Thirty Years War 0 Prussian lands plundered and wasted 0 Recovery due to talented leaders Frederick William the Great 16401688 created strong army Commissariat created to support military and ciVil government In hands of the Junkers 8 Prussian Kings 0 Frederick I united Brandenburg and Prussia General Directory to handle ciVil and military affairs Highly efficient bureaucracy Army nearly doubled in size Officers were Junkers Emphasis on serVice to the kingcountry 9 Frederick 11 the Great 0 ROTTEN home life 0 Educated interested in the arts 0 Enlightenment thinker Toyed With reforms But maintained serfdom Excluded talented commoners from high office 10 Frederick 11 Cont O Expanded Prussian army 0 Took Silesia from Austria 0 Took part of Poland 0 Raised prestige of Prussia as strong nation 11 Austria and absolutist government 0 Empress Maria Theresa 17401780 not an enlightened ruler 0 Joseph 11 17801790 Got rid of serfdom Legal and religious reforms No one happy With his reforms Which were undone by successors 12 Balance of Power 0 War is not an independent phenomenon but the continuation of politics by different means Carl von Clausewitz 13 Seven Years War 0 Begins in America as the French and Indian War in 1754 Austria wants Silesia back joins hands with France France angry with England in colonial war Russia fears Prussia is too big and on border joins Britain 0 Found in colonies and in Europe 0 Not much changed for Austria or Prussia 0 But Britain gained new empire around the world India and Canada
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