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Exam 1 Study Guide

by: Rachel Notetaker

Exam 1 Study Guide SFL 210

Rachel Notetaker
GPA 3.65
Human Development
David Nelson

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Human Development
David Nelson
Study Guide
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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by Rachel Notetaker on Monday September 21, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to SFL 210 at Brigham Young University taught by David Nelson in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 82 views. For similar materials see Human Development in Child and Family Studies at Brigham Young University.

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Date Created: 09/21/15
SFL 210 Exam 1 Review Sheet NOTE For many of the questions below they will be addressed both in your book and in class some overlap But many are exclusive to the book An additional 15 questions are specific to lecture and most will not be found in the PowerPoint slides eg examples given to illustrate a particular concept you must be in class or get good notes from a classmate to answer these Chapter 1 Historv Theorv and Applied Directions 1 Basic periods of development prenatal through emerging adulthood 2 Historical views regarding basic human nature including Puritan doctrine innately evil tabula rasa and Rousseau s noble savages innately good 3 Definition of a theory and its significance for promoting knowledge 4 Major developmental issuescontroversies of child development continuitydiscontinuity naturenurture activitypassivity etc 5 Origins basic concepts and propositions of each major theory 6 Basic sequence and meaning of stages in Freud s and Piaget s theories 7 Essential contributions including applications and criticisms of each major theory 8 Stances of major theories on basic developmental issues 9 Different variants of traditional behaviorism classical conditioning operant learning social learning behavior modification 10 Questions regarding box Welfare Reform Poverty and Child Development on page 36 Chapter 2 Research Strategies 1 Common methods used to study children naturalistic observation structured observation clinical interview structured interview clinical method psychophysiological and ethnographic methods along with their advantages and limitations SelfReport Methodologies Structured interviews and questionnaires Clinical methods Observational Methodologies Naturalistic Observation Structured Observation Psychophysiological Methods Ethnography Case Studies can also include selfreport measures 2 Variants of reliability and validity and threats to these 3 Meaning and use of correlation coefficients 4 Advantages and limitations of experimental designs eg laboratory experiments field experiments and how to set them up most effectively 5 Problems in conducting longitudinal research eg practice effects biased sampling selective attrition and cohort effects 6 Definition of independent and dependent variables 7 Appropriate use of crosssectional longitudinal and sequential designs 8 Children s research rights protection from harm informed consent privacy knowledge of results and beneficial treatments 9 Questions regarding box Immigrant Youths Adapting to a New Land on page 53 10 Questions regarding box Can Musical Experiences Enhance Intelligence on page 59 Chapter 3 Biological Foundations Prenatal Development and Birth Mitosis and meiosis Monozygotic vs dizygotic twins Dominantrecessive relationships eg homozygous heterozygous Xlinked inheritance Germline vs somatic mutation Sperm production and viability Functions of ectoderm mesoderm endoderm Length of time and characteristics of zygotic embryonic and fetal periods Teratogens and their effects during the zygotic embryonic and fetal periods 10 Effects of maternal alcohol and tobacco use during pregnancy 11 Salutary effects of folic acid during pregnancy 12 Maternal age as it relates to pregnancy 13 New trends to promote successful birthing 14 Effects of labor and delivery medication 15 Stages of labor 16 Canalization of human behavior 17 Nichepicking 18 Questions regarding box A Case of Epigenesis Smoking During Pregnancy Alters Gene Expression on page 125 LOCDVCDU lPOON L


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