Final Exam Review
Final Exam Review Soc 111
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Rachel Notetaker on Monday September 21, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to Soc 111 at Brigham Young University taught by Erik L. Bond in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see Intro to Sociology in Social Sciences at Brigham Young University.
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Date Created: 09/21/15
SOCIOLOGY FINAL REVIEW Methods Outliers affect the mean not median median is therefore more reliable Reliable consistency not always correct but the same answer Valid closer to the goal more accurate Strati cation Systems Elite mass dichotomy a small group controls the whole society Class system Based on roles in production process rather than individual characteristics 0 Ex United States abilities and hard work allow potential social mobility Estate system politically based political imposition limits social mobility Caste System born into motivated through religious theological belief Status hierarchy based on social prestige more potential for social mobility experts within each group Inequality for All Twin Peaks of Inequality and the middle class The virtuous cycle 1940 s early 1970 s 0 Wages remained constant and productivity increased Women in the work force Put in more hours Taking out loans and mortgages on home The vicious cycle late 1970 s today Experiment wealth is psychological people s behavior changed when their economic status changed even if hypothetically 0 Being poor or rich changed people s behavior Less social mobility promotes more income inequality Article on economic inequality what are the author s solutions JeanJacque Rousseau private property is the root of all human evil One of the rst to observe economic inequality Inequality naturally arises within economic status based societies where its valued 0 Society where you are measuring status in an economic way Mean is greater than the median because of economic inequalities with major outliers Debates on Poverty in the US Bad correlates are the effect of poverty vs Bad correlates are the cause of poverty Bad correlates social ills crime single parent lower achievement poor health Bad correlates are the effect of poverty lack of jobs ight of the middle class culture Bad correlates are the cause of poverty Culture family breakdown welfare parenting Doesn t matter how you matter poverty the trends are the same about the growth of poverty We can t say why it s changing uctuating because there is no set way to de ne poverty Oscar Lewis Studied culture of poverty studied the poor in mexico have a different lifestyle than the mainstream Adopt practices different than the mainstream in order to survive 0 Not getting married illegal work multigenerational households Pg 380 of textbook Deindustrialization and Globalization move people out of urban areas and creates a neighborhood effect of poverty Susan Mayer The effect of your income doesn t affect your future the income of parents was not affecting children as much as previous studies had shown had more mobility not based on parent s income Charles Murray too many incentives to being poor because of welfare more enticing than low wage work welfare developed a culture of poverty Rob Sampson Moving and the Neighborhood Glass Ceiling Poverty results from structural forces Few employed men Some families were given the opportunity to move into a more af uent neighborhood Ethel Lawrence Homes poverty experiments to move people out of geographically poor areas 0 Did not change people s income only changed one element location displacement many families moved back because that one change was not enough 0 Was more bene cial to both adults and children 0 Poverty leads to deviance The challenge of suburban poverty Suburban poverty has risen by 64 since 2000 There are more poor in the suburbs than in the cities misconception by many Poverty The experience PBS video Poor Kids Kaylie Single mom in school amp working not working out mom has mental illness her and brother talked a lot about being hungry move around a lot concerned about education worried that if she didn t get a good education and job she wouldn t get out of being poor Jasmine Dad lost his job couldn t afford housing living in center for families huge commute to work perceived stigma that goes with their situation don t want to look like they are poor Brittany Weekend Nutrition Club stigma it poverty can happen to anyone pessimistic view on jobs no one will have a job in the future General Effect Feel boxed in perceive their situation as hopeless have to worry about nances and food more than normal in a sense lose their childhood Single Mothers will delay getting married not having children Marriage is something for after you re stable in yourjob capstone not cornerstone Marriage is deemed as high but is not a top priority 0 Cultural buildupconception of marriage 0 Have an ideal of what marriage should look like don t want marriage unless they have that
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