Comm 211 Midterm Study Guide
Comm 211 Midterm Study Guide COMM 211
Popular in INTRODUCTION TO PUBLIC SPEAKING
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This 17 page Study Guide was uploaded by Breionna Real on Wednesday March 16, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to COMM 211 at Southeastern Louisiana University taught by Keturah Green in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 118 views. For similar materials see INTRODUCTION TO PUBLIC SPEAKING in Journalism and Mass Communications at Southeastern Louisiana University.
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Date Created: 03/16/16
INTRO TO PUBLIC SPEAKING SELU COMM 211 MIDTERM STUDY GUIDE Definitions Credibility – the audience’s perception of whether a speaker is qualified to speak on a given topic Audiencecenteredness – keeping the audience foremost in mind at every step of speech preparation and presentation Extemporaneous delivery – a carefully prepared and rehearsed speech that is presented from a brief set of notes Manuscript delivery – a speech that is written word for word and read to the audience Impromptu delivery – a speech delivered with little or no immediate preparation Transitions – words or phrases that indicate when a speaker has finished one thought and is moving on to another Oratory the art of public speaking, especially in a formal and eloquent manner Brief example – a specific case referred to in passing to illustrate a point Extended example – a story, narrative or anecdote developed at some length to illustrate a point Hypothetical example – an example that describes an imaginary or fictitious situation Nervousness and How to Deal with It aquire speaki ng experi do not ence prepar e, expec prepar t e, perfec tion nervous prepar ness e uneasin ess or know apprehe that most nsion nervo think usnes positiv s is ely use not the visible power of visuali zation Differences and Similarities between Conversation and Public Speaking organization of public speaking is thoughts more highly structured tayloring your message requires more formal tell a story for language maximum impact requires a different adapt to listener method of delivery feedback The Communication Model Channel – means by which message is delivered Two Types of Interference Internal comes from within your audience; External comes from outside your audience Listening Skills According to Business Insider, it only takes approximately 7 seconds to make a first impression. Forbes adds, effective communication is a skill associated with good leadership. Our listening skills SUCK so take note on how to become a better listener: 1. Take listening seriously 2. Be an active listener 3. Resist distractions, avoid mental departures, Media Richness Theory Try to avoid ethnocentrism – the belief that your culture is superior to anothers sometimes referred to as information richness theory or MRT, is a framework 4. Don’t be diverted by appearance or delivery used to describe a communication 5. Suspend judgement 6. Focus your listening medium's ability to reproduce the information sent over it. It was introduced listen for main points by Richard L. Daft and Robert H. Lengel listen for evidence in 1986 as an extension of Social listen for technique 7. Develop notetaking skills Information Processing theory. Things to Consider When Presenting a Speech (Nonverbal Communication) startin g your speec h dealin gestur g with es nerves presenti ng the speech eye voic conta e ct Parts of a Speech (Use an Epic Title!) I. Introduction A. Attention Gaining Device: Use a startling fact/statistic, tell a story, props/visual aids, humor, or ask a question. B. Thesis Statement: One sentence synopsis on your topic. C. Credibility Statement: explain to the audience why you're qualified to speak on your topic D. Significance: Who cares? Does it affect a lot of people? Are people greatly affected? What is the overall impact? E. Preview of Main Points: Overview of the main points your speech will cover. II. Body Transitional Phrase: A. Topic 1 1. Subtopic 1 2. Subtopic 2 Transitional Phrase: B. Topic 2 1. Subtopic 1 2. Subtopic 2 Transitional Phrase: C. Topic 3 1. Subtopic 1 2. Subtopic 2 Signal the Close: the final transition in a speech III. Conclusion A. Recap Main Points: Go back over the main points your speech was over B. Restate the Thesis: Go back over your one sentence synopsis C. Close with Impact: Leave your audience with an impact Rules for Humor •be prepared for a negative response •be inclusive •make your jokes funny •use careful delivery •don’t be offensive Rules for Questions •be prepared for a negative response •answer your own questions Checklist for Main Points (pg 176) •Does the body of my speech contain three to five main points? •Are my main points organized according to one of the following methods of organization? Chronological, Spatial, Casual, Topical, or Problem-solution •Are my main points clearly separate from one another? •As much as possible, have I used the same pattern of wording for all my main points? •Have I roughly balanced the amount of time devoted to each main point? •Is each main point backed up with strong, credible supporting materials? Checklist for Citing Sourcing Orally (pg 160)y audience knows when I am moving from one main point to another? •Do I identify all the print documents cited in my speech? •Do I identify all the web documents cited in my speech? •Do I identify the authors or sponsoring organizations of the documents I cite? •Do I establish the authors’ credentials with regard to the topic? •Do I use documents from sponsoring organizations with established expertise and objectivity? •Do I include the dates on which the documents were published, posted, or updated? •Do I use a variety of methods in citing my sources? Chronological Order VS Topical Order A method of speech organization in whichA method of speech organization in which the main points follow a time pattern main points divide the topic into logical and consistent topics As stated in... The [NEWS SOURCE] "quot reported. e" .. Metho ds of Oral Citatio In a Accordi n [YEAR] ng to... study.. . Dr. [NAME ] said... Types of… Sources Supports News papers/sites statistic Documentaries quote Books example Magazines fact Interviews atribution etc Determine Dertermine Phrase the your your Specific Central Idea General Purpose Pur•oWhat is • A specific • the the broad purpose central goal of is a single message the infinitve is a one- speech? phrase sentence that statemen states t that exactly sums up what a or speaker encapulat hopes to es the accomplis major h in his or ideas of a her speech speech Checklist for Specific Purpose (pg 87start early •Does it include a reference to the audience? •Is it phrased as a statement rather than a question? •Is it free of figurative language? •Is it limited to one distinct subject? •Does it meet the specific requirements of the assignment?he speech? •Can it be accomplished in the time allotted for the speech? •Is it relevant toTips audience? •Does it deal with a nontrivial subject? •Is it suitable for a nontechnical audience? think for make a about yourChecklist for the Central Idea (pg 92) preliminar materials Doing y as you •Is it phrased as a statement rather than a question?ap research •Is it free of figurative language? hy •Does it clearly encapsulate the main points to be discussed in the •Can it be adequately discussed in the time allotted for the speech? •Is it relevant to the audience? •Is it appropriate for a nontechnical audience? The Special Case of Wikipedia The most important thing to know about Wikipedia is that it can be a good place to start learning about a topic, but it isits major articles are followed by an extensive set ofthat additional resources. Those resources include footnotes, a list oseparatences, external links, atakein some cases, video and/orentry forages. They can lead plenty ofvast amount of important information beyond that in Wikipedia. each notes note record notes in a consiste nt format UEnginesch Sear chin g the Specialized Research Resources Inter - Virtual Li-raries net Government Resources - The EInternet Case of Documents Wikipedia - Authorship - Sponsorship - Recency Checklist for Evaluating Internet Documents • Is the author of the document clearly identified? • Is her or she an expert on the topic? • If the author is not an expert, can his or her opinions be accepted as objective and unbiased? • If the author is not identified, can the sponsoring organization be determined? • Does the sponsoring organization have a reputation for expertise and objectivity? • Does the document include a copyright date, publication date, or date of last revision? • If a date is included, is the document recent enough to cite in my speech? Mission Statement - a statement which is used as a way of communicating the purpose of the organization. Mission statements are normally short and simple statements which outline what the organization's purpose is and are related to the specific sector an organization operates in. Organizati ons Vision - Niche - what is communicating done well that an image of the sets that future that organization draws others in, apart from that speaks to others what others see use examples and feel. to clarify your ideas practice delivery to enhance your use examples to extended examples reinforce your Tips for ideas Using Exampl es make your use examples to examples vivid and personalize your richly textured ideas types of examples hypothetic brief extended al use statistics use visual aids to qualtify your use statistical ideas statistics trends sparingly Tips for Using Statisti identify the round off cs sources of your complicated statistics statistics explain your statistics quote or paraphrase accurately identify the people Tips for use testimony you quote or Using from qualified paraphrase Testimo sources ny use testimony from unbiased sources types of testimony peer testimony - expert testimony - testimony from testimony from people ordinary people with who are recognized firsthand experience experts in their fields or insight on a topic Quoting Versus Paraphrasing (pg 156) Paraphrasing is better than a direct quotation in two situations (1) when the wording of a quotation is obscure or cumbersome (2) when a quotation is longer than two or three sentences Good Delivery (pg 240) Good delivery does not call attention to itself. It conveys the speaker’s ideas clearly, interestingly, and without distracting the audience. Most audiences prefer delivery that combines a certain degree of formality with the best attributes of good conversation – directness, spontaneity, animation, vocal and facial expressiveness, and a lively sense of communication. methods of delivery manuscript impromptu extemporaneo reciting from speech speech us speech memory perso appe aranc e Speaker's V oice move • volume Spe ment • pitch aker • rate 's • pauses Bod • vocal variety y gestu • pronunciation res • articulation • dialect eye conta ct Practicing Delivery Go through your preparation outline aloud to check how what you have written translates into spoken discourse Prepare your speaking outline. Practice the speech aloud several times using only the speaking outline. Polish and refine your delivery. Give your speech a dress rehersal and be prepared! Differences between Introductory Speeches and Informative Speeches An introductory speech is designed to get students speaking by breaking the ice and having them introduce a topic. Informative speeches are more in depth and the aim is to convey knowledge and understanding – not to advocate a cause.
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