Popular in Art Appreciation
Popular in Arts
This 6 page Study Guide was uploaded by Neena Molavi on Saturday September 13, 2014. The Study Guide belongs to 2000 at University of Georgia taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 114 views. For similar materials see Art Appreciation in Arts at University of Georgia.
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Date Created: 09/13/14
ARTS 2000 Professor McIntosh Fall 2014 Information that was on the quiz is in pink Chapter 1 A Human Phenomenon What is Art the modern definition a primarily Visual medium that is used to express ideas about our human experience and the world around 0 OOOO 11S whatever a society or culture specifies as art no universal or fixed definition for art art uctuates just like our culture four major areas of art I art is functional assists in rituals re ects customs communicates thoughts ideas and emotions helps us imagine the divine commemorates the dead glorifies the power of the state and its rulers protests political and social institutions celebrates war and conquest promotes cohesion records likenesses education entertainment I art s visual form allows the work to be seen or touched and ideas to be communicated the formal elements line shape color texture mass Volume space composition the arrangement of the formal elements materials from which the artwork is made I an artwork s content re ects the idea s associated with it using imagery symbolic meaning where it is used or displayed customs beliefs and Values of the culture writings that explain the work artwork re ects the cultural moment it was made 0 one in uence is not limited to just one culture Style o Picasso s art was in uenced by African masks I Aesthetics is a branch of philosophy that deals with art its sources forms and effects re ects the entire culture s preferences a critical re ection on art Making art o requires concentrated perception o re ects the artist s response to the world around them o expression of the artists perception and response The definition of artistic creativity can vary between cultures o today in the US creativity has two essential ingredients I innovation I self expression o some cultures value the re creation of old works more than innovation o the art of masquerade is important in Africa but not North America Art is often innovative and unique but still borrows from other styles and symbols Fine Art includes 0 film photography prints performance installation video o computer art crafts are sometimes distinguished from art o refers to specific media such as ceramics glass jewelry weaving and woodworking o involves making objects rather than images o objects often have a utilitarian purpose Style is the manner of artistic expression o of an individual artist o of a historic period o of an entire civilization OOOOO Vocabulary naturalistic recognizable imagery that is depicted as it is in nature representational contains entities from the world in recognizable form idealized art natural imagery is modified strives for perfection within the bounds values and aesthetics of a particular culture classical art art that is orderly balanced clear and well proportioned represents the full development of a certain style Classical art capital C refers specifically to art made in Greece in the 5th century BCE expressive or expressionist styles of art communicate heightened emotions and a sense urgency or spontaneity o appear bold and immediate o feature distorted abstracted imagery o appear asymmetrical o have textured surfaces thick paint application surreal art contains bizarre or fantastic arrangements of images or materials o taps the workings of the unconscious mind nonobjective art contains imagery generated by the artist abstracted imagery may or may not be recognizable but derived from reality by distorting nature an artists style refers to the distinguishing characteristics of an artist s work Chapter 2 The Language of Art and Architecture Formal elements are the basic units of visual arts o line light and value color texture and pattern shape and volume space time and motion o some works also contain chance improvisation spontaneity and engaging senses other than sight A line is a moving point having length and no width o actual lines physically exist and can be broad thin straight jagged and so on o implied lines do no physically exist but appear to be real I dotted or broken lines pointing o lines have direction I horizontal implies inactivity I vertical implies the potential of action I diagonal suggests movement I curving suggests owing movement o line quality conveys emotional attributes o outline follows the edges of a silhouette of a 3D form with uniform line thickness o contour lines mark the edges of a 3D object with varying line thickness and some internal detail Hatching and crosshatching many thin parallel lines create the illusion of a gray tone parallel lines layered on top of each other create darker gray tones Light and value o light basis for vision necessary for art and the process of energy stimulating the eyes and brain o natural light comes from the sun moon lightning and fire o arti cial light comes from incandescent or uorescent light bulbs neon lights or lasers o most art does not emit light but re ects ambient light which is the light all around us Value is the various levels of light in 2D art o value tone one step on a gradation from light and dark o achromatic value scale extremes white and black and the gray tones in between o value can also be associated with color shades of a color lighter or darker Shading Modeling is the manipulation of gradations in values creating the appearance of natural light Renaissance Italians referred to light dark gradations as chiaroscuro Color is visible in o refracted light a spectrum of color o re ected light objects absorb and re ect the spectrum Properties of color are o hue pure color the color s name o value lightness and darkness within a hue I black added to a hue shade I white added to a hue tint o intensity the brightness or dullness of a hue aka chroma or saturation Local colors are normally found in the objects around us Additive color system applies to light emitting media theater lighting performance art light displays computer and video monitors use this Subtractive color system is when artists mix pigments to control the light that is re ected from them o pigment powered substance ground into oil acrylic polymer or other binders to create paints Primary colors red yellow and blue Secondary colors orange green violet Tertiary colors blue green red violet and so on Analogous colors similar in appearance next to each other on the color wheel Complementary colors opposites on the color wheel We see colors differently depending on their surroundings making them relative Since natural light is constantly changing so is color Texture is a surface characteristic that is tactile or visual o tactile texture consists of physical surface variations that can be perceived by touch o visual texture is illusionary simulated texture mimics reality o abstracted texture is based on existing texture that has been simplified o invented texture is a product of the human imagination A pattern is a configuration with a repeated visual form o visual patterns occur in leaves owers clouds crystals wave patterns and so on o geometric patterns have regular elements spaced at regular intervals Shape a 2D visual entity 0 o regular shapes are geometric circle square triangle o irregular shapes are organic or bimorphic Volume is 3D and can be regular irregular geometric and bimorphic Space relates to art o the space in 2D artwork o the space of sculpture and architecture the area it occupies and the voids it contains o the space of performance art installation and intermedia work o planar space is the height and width of the picture surface perspective is the illusion of depth on a at picture plane atmospheric perspective aerial perspective refers to the light bleach out fuzzy handling of distant forms to make them seem far away o linear perspective is the theory that parallel lines appear to converge as they recede I they seem to meet on the horizon line I the horizon line corresponds to the viewers eye o oblique perspective is when a 3D object is rendered with the front and back parallel and the side planes are drawn at a 45 degree angle o isometric perspective is used in architectural drafting rendering planes on a diagonal that does not recede in space The side planes are drawn at 30 degree angles to the left and right o multipoint perspective an illogical depiction of space Time is the period that viewers study and absorb an artwork Looking vs Seeing o looking is mechanical o seeing is an active extension of looking paying attention to qualities o seeing requires effort Motion is implied by rhythmic repetition of abstracted forms Some artwork such as architecture and large sculpture viewers cannot grasp all their features in an instant They unfold in time as we move through and around them Motion is integral to filmvideo interactive digital art kinetic sculpture and performance Time and motion are related o motion cannot exist without time o motion marks the passage of time Composition is the arrangement of formal elements in a work of art o principles of composition I balance I rhythm I proportion I scale I emphasis I unity I variety Balance is placing elements so that their visual weights seem evenly distributed o symmetrical balance is when visual weight is distributed evenly o asymmetrical balance is the careful distribution of uneven elements o radial balance is when elements in the composition visually radiate outward from a central point Rhythm is the repetition of carefully placed elements o regular rhythm is smooth and systematically repeated o alternating rhythm is different elements repeatedly placed side by side o eccentric rhythm is irregular but no so much so that the visuals don t connect proportion is the size of one part in relation to another scale is the size of something in relation to what we assume to be normal emphasis is one or more focal points in an artwork o when there are several focal points lesser ones are called accents unity is overall cohesion within a work variety is the element of difference within a work
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