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Drama 101 Midterm Study Guide

by: Maria Villegas

Drama 101 Midterm Study Guide DRAMA 101

Marketplace > University of Washington > Theatre > DRAMA 101 > Drama 101 Midterm Study Guide
Maria Villegas
GPA 3.8

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About this Document

These notes cover all of the lecture material from the beginning of the quarter until the midterm. The material is tested on for the midterm.
Intro to Theater
Chris Solomon
Study Guide
theater, drama, Art
50 ?




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This 7 page Study Guide was uploaded by Maria Villegas on Wednesday March 16, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to DRAMA 101 at University of Washington taught by Chris Solomon in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 171 views. For similar materials see Intro to Theater in Theatre at University of Washington.


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Date Created: 03/16/16
I. PLAY STRUCTURE A. Elements of a Playtext 1. Dialogue a) designed to mimic natural speech b) second level to dialogue: subtext- what the character means 2. Stage Directions 3. Parentheticals B. Given Circumstances 1. The Specific Conditions in Which the Actions of the Play Occur a) time and place b) conventions, attitudes, and manners of the time c) who, what, when, where, and why C. Character 1. A Coherent Pattern of Actions Associated With a Particular Figure in a Play a) android who’s programming depends first upon the playwright and then upon the actor D. Super Objective 1. Determines Behavior a) what the character wants over the course of the entire play E. Conflict 1. A Clash of Opposing Wishes or Needs a) tensions in the plot created by opposing motives and events F. Action 1. Primary Event a) the “past” of the play b) most important incident in the background story c) energizes the characters for the conditions necessary for the play to take place 2. Inciting Action a) single event within the play’s plot that sparks the main action, the main conflict b) happens early on 3. Climax a) peak of emotional intensity that produces a significant change in a character b) major climax- marks the beginning, middle, and end c) Main Climax- point of highest tension (1) somewhere near the end 4. Resolution a) all events following the climax 5. Freytag Pyramid II. STYLES OF THEATER A. Ancient Greek 1. Background a) dionysus- greek god of wine and partying and fertility b) city dionysia- festival in honor of dionysus (1) expression of military power, competitive performance, religious event 2. Characteristics a) 3 days morning to night, one dedicated to each playwright b) archon would choose prominent citizens called choregoi to sponsor one playwright and one chorus c) chorus d) opening ceremonies were grandiose e) plot was the most important; spectacle the least f) comedy vs tragedy- comedy was about commoners, tragedy about nobles 3. Notable Names a) Aeschylus (1) father of tragedy (2) added the 2nd actor b) Sophocles (1) focused on tragedies and hamartia (2) added the 3rd actor (3) 24 wins c) Euripides (1) showed the oppressed (2) wrote strong female characters (3) 4 wins d) Aristotle (1) studied centuries after it happened (2) defined 6 elements of tragedy 4. Key Words a) Hamartia- fatal flaw b) Peripeteia- reversal c) Anagnorisis- recognition/ epiphany d) catastrophe- destructive and painful act e) catharsis- purging of emotion f) memisis- imitation g) tragedy- goat’s song h) comedy- song of the komos i) demes- districts j) pronomos vase B. Medieval 1. Background a) Rome (1) founded by the twin sons of mars (2) spain to syria (3) built first temple in honor of venus b) Rome falls apart- christians get into power and ban theater c) Latin dies out and turns into the other romance languages- theater is reinstated to help spread scripture 2. Characteristics a) all actors and playwrights were slaves b) morality plays (1) instead of history, they taught how to live (2) everyman hero (3) symbolic representations of vices and virtues (4) hell mouth c) cycle plays (1) portrayed the entire cycle of christian history (2) had to be moved outside (3) performed by the guilds of workers (4) moved in a circle across the city 3. Notable Names a) plotus- comedy b) terrence- borring c) hrosvitha- german nun (1) 1st female playwright (2) peeps were still reading terrence 1000 years later C. Elizabethan 1. Background 2. Characteristics a) public theaters (1) stage areas represent heaven, earth, hell (2) groundlings- paid a penny for standing room b) playwright- crafts plays c) playhouses couldn’t be between the walls of London d) Actors had to show proof of patronage 3. Notable Names a) david garrick- revived shakespeare b) james burbage- built “The Theater,” which later became the Globe (1) lead to commercialization of theater c) shakespeare 4. Key Words D. Noh 1. Background a) developed in the 14th century for the elite warrior class 2. Characteristics a) extensive use of dance b) main character often masked c) musical accompaniment- both dialogue and dance d) pine backdrop (1) symbolizes longevity (2) connections to nobility (3) always stays the same 3. Notable Names a) Zeami (1) refined and developed noh under the patronage of yoshimitsu (2) most prolific playwright (3) wrote Atsumori and revised Lady Aoi (4) developed Yugen- ephemeral beauty 4. Key Words a) hashikagari- bridgeway b) mirror room- backstage area c) shite- main actor/ character- dances d) waki- secondary character- never dances- never masked e) tsure- companion of the shite f) ai kyogen- townsperson- retells the story in colloquial language E. Melodrama 1. Background a) 19th century 2. Characteristics a) they would do whatever it took to make it as flamboyant as possible b) music c) overwrought acting d) good vs evil e) simply drawn characters f) emphasis on action, violence, and thrills g) spectacle h) damsel in distress i) moral reform drama (1) the man of principle is the rational norm against which to judge the actions of its major characters 3. Notable Names a) antonino gramsci- Cultural Hegemony b) harriet beecher stowe- wrote the book Uncle Tom’s Cabin c) dion boucicault d) steele mackeye 4. Key Words F. Minstrelsy 1. Background 2. Characteristics a) Timbo and Bones on either end of a performing space b) interlocutor sat in the middle- “aristocratic” 3. Notable Names a) T.M. Rice b) Bert Williams 4. Key Words G. Realism 1. Background a) 2. Characteristics a) examination of every-day life b) scientific approach to art c) darwin freud d) giving characters psychological backgrounds (giving them a personality) e) characters and settings appear as they would to an impartial observer f) addresses contemporary and social realities, often controversial g) must truthfully depict the real physical world h) no asides or soliloquies i) prose drama 3. Notable Names a) henrik ibsen- founder of modern drama (1) no asides or soliloquies (2) prose drama (3) psychological development of characters (4) a doll’s house b) Stanislavski (1) acting method on psychological realism (2) magic IF (3) objectives (4) ensemble playing (5) emotional memory c) Olga knipper d) strindberg 4. Key Words a) iconoclasm- rejecting/ destroying the old b) 4th wall H. Naturalism 1. Characteristics a) more cynical than realism b) seeks to create illusion of reality c) exposes a harsh darkness of life d) heredity determines character III. ACTOR TRAINING A. Suzuki B. Stanislavski IV. THE THEATER V. PLAYS READ A. Learn to be Latina 1. Inciting incident- she tells them she’s lebanese 2. primary event- records the demo 3. climax- right before she’s supposed to go onstage for the grammys B. Lysistrata 1. women take the oath 2. peloponnesian war 3. scene with reconciliation C. Doctor Faustus 1. mephistopheles shows up 2. faustus knows everything 3. lucifer coming to get him to take him to hell 0925 D. Atsumori 1. it’s an anniversary of atsumori’s death 2. kumagae killed atsumori 3. they depict the killing/ war but also when they become friends E. Uncle Tom’s Cabin 1. harris the slave escapes 2. harris the owner is in debt 3. leecher gets killed F. Miss Julie 1. she asks jean to dance 2. her mother’s background, her broken engagement 3. canary gets dead


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