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PSY 101 Exam 1 Study Guide

by: Manasa Gujju

PSY 101 Exam 1 Study Guide PSY 101

Marketplace > Arizona State University > Psychlogy > PSY 101 > PSY 101 Exam 1 Study Guide
Manasa Gujju
GPA 4.32
Intro to Psychology

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Exam 1 study guide
Intro to Psychology
Study Guide
50 ?




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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by Manasa Gujju on Sunday September 14, 2014. The Study Guide belongs to PSY 101 at Arizona State University taught by McBeath in Fall2014. Since its upload, it has received 445 views. For similar materials see Intro to Psychology in Psychlogy at Arizona State University.

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Date Created: 09/14/14
Structuralism vs Functionalism vs Behaviorism Structuralism Introspection Wundt conscious thought and emotion windycalm ocean Functionalism William James HOW the mind functions Behaviorism What you can see with your own eyes 2 types of senses Kinetic Movement posture orientation Vestibular Balance and movement MRI vs fMRI MRI Shows The structure of the brain fMRI Views brain activity while person is awake and responsive measures oxygen flow in the brain Perceptual Constancy Even though sensory input is changing you know moving car know shape Research Methods Case Study One person or one group of people over a certain period of time Experimental Independent and dependent variable cause and effect Survey Survey Observation Watching something as it happens Naturalistic Observation Gestalt The whole is different from the sum of its parts perception according to pattern closure similarity and proximity Humanistic People s positive qualities Cognitive Mental processes what is INSIDE how we learn Behavioral What we can observe opposite of cognitive Psychodynamic Psychoanalysis is used to understand unconscious thought Lobes Functions Parietal Pressure touch body Temporal Tones Audition multisensory Occipital Objects vision Frontal Functional cognition emotion Perceptual Set Predisposition or readiness to perceive something in a particular way Parallel Processing vs Binding Parallel Simultaneous distribution of information across neural pathways Binding bringing together and integration of what is processed by different neural pathways or cells Natural Selection vs Selective Breeding Natural Selection Darwin s principle survival of the fittest evolution of species Selective Breeding Genetic method in which organisms are chosen for reproduction based on how much of a particular trait they display Sensory Adaptation Walking into a room and hearing the hum of a fan and eventually not noticing it anymore Somatosensorv Cortex vs Motor Cortex Somatosensory Processes info about body senses Motor Voluntary Movement Synapses Tiny spaces between neurons lying between axon of one neuron amp dendrites of another Outer Middle and Inner Ear Parts Outer Ear The pinna and auditory canal Middle Ear Eardrum Hammer Anvil and Stirrup Inner Ear Semicircular Canals Cochlea and Auditory Nerve Weber s Law The principle that 2 stimuli must differ by a constant minimum percentage in order to be perceived as different see Absolute Threshold APA Ethics guidelines Informed Consent Tell the population about the experiment Confidentiality Make sure the population knows their info is private Debriefing Participants should be fully informed about the purpose of the study once it s over Deception Deception is not used unless it is justified to help the study Afferent vs Efferent Nerves Afferent Sensory nerves carrying info to brain and spinal cord Efferent Carry info from brain and spinal cord and take it elsewhere Myelin Sheath Layer of fat cells that encases most axons Adrenal Glands Regulate moods energy levels ability to handle stress secrete epinephrine Positive vs Negative Correlations Positive 2 variable trending in the same direction As people are taller they tend to be heavier Negative 2 variables trending in opposite directions as one increases the other decreases The 7 Basic Neurotransmitters Serotonin mood amp temp regulation Dopamine arousal related to schizophrenia Epinephrine fight or ight Norepinephrine sneezy increases alertness Glutamine learning and memory Acetylcholine slows ANS sleepingdreaming GABA slows CNS anxiety and intoxication SUBDIVISIONS OF THE NERVOUS SYSTEM NERVOUS SYSTEM CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM CNS Brain and Spinal Cord PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM PNS Nerves to and from CNS SOM TIC AUTONOMIC touch hearing etc internal senses for gut etc muscles that move body smooth muscles in gut etc SYM PATHETIC Emergency PARASYM PATH ETIC HOUSEKEEPING Bottom up processing external environment gt send info to brain Top down processing what brain already know gt interpretation ex stay away from fire cuz it will burn Cerebral cortex Corpus callosum passes information between the left and I 39 right hemispheres I Ventricesogt4l Q contain lt q 439 gt p cerbrospinal fluid Q V 39 quot1 Cerebellum Thalamus C L passes sensory 6 C9mrOS t coordination Information of movement to the cerebral cortex Hypothalamus controls the pituitary gland in order to regulate temperature blood pressure appetite wakefulness and sexual arousal Pituitary gland regulates the body39s hormone production Brain stem includes the midbrain medulla and pons controling breathing heart rate consciousness blood circulation basic motor responses relaying sensory information and regulating the sleepwake cycle Sclera The sclera is the wh to part 01 the eye It is the outer layer that protects everything inside Chofold quotquot The choroid is the L39lyr ol the T39quot3 395 mo l quot d 93quot l V 39 eye that lies KOlM3939n the retina CVO In quot10 middle Ol quot30 HIS IS NO and me ctcya It 5 Obou N11 0 pool which controls the amount mmme ma ol light that enters the eye Retina The 398ll393 S a light sensitive part nside the inner layer 0 the eye Its job is to tum light into Come The cornea IS see through and acts Ike a window at the front ol the eye the brain can unoe39stand Optic nerve The job ol the ODKIC OCNC 393 I0 deliver messages l39Utl the retinal to the bra n Aqueous humour This rs a lquvtl which sits in a chamber behind the cornea Humour means liquid Lens Seethrough and shaped like a disc the lens line tunes the tocussing cl the eye VHVOOUS humour This is the clear gel that tins the space between the lens and the Ciliary muscle Mm The ciliary muscle controls the shape of the lens so we can see things that are near and tar away Color blindness Monochrome color blindness either have no cones or have cones that not working 0 Red green colorblindness either the red or the greed cones are not working o Sex linked inheritance mengtwoman about 5 men are color blind Bottom up processing external environment gt send info to brain Top down processing what brain already know gt interpretation ex stay away from fire cuz it will burn signals about images that


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