COMS 2060 Exam I Key Terms
COMS 2060 Exam I Key Terms COMS 2060
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This 7 page Study Guide was uploaded by Emily Swanson on Tuesday September 22, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to COMS 2060 at Ohio University taught by Charee Thompson in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 150 views. For similar materials see Communication in Interpersonal Relationships in Communication Studies at Ohio University.
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Date Created: 09/22/15
COMS 2060 Interpersonal Communication Exam I Key TermszConcepts Chapter I The Nature of Communication Stigma a characteristic that discredits a person making him or her be seen as abnormal or undesirable Instrumental Needs practical everyday needs Context the physical and psychological environment in which communication occurs Channelrich Content a communication context involving many channels at once Channellean Context a communication context involving few channels at once Symbol a representation of an idea Content Dimension Literal information that is communicated by a message Relational Dimension signals about the relationship in which a message is being communicated Metacommunication communication about communication Explicit Rule a rule about behavior that has been clearly articulated Implicit Rule a rule about behavior that has not been clearly articulated bit is nonetheless understood lntrapersonal Communication communication with oneself Mass Communication communication from one source to a large audience m 3 9 in 1 O c 395 n O 3 3 c E n m 5quot O 3 n o 3 3 c 2 n m 5quot o 3 o n n c 2 3 LC E fI39 37 3 m 3 LO 0 c 390 m 0 03 53 am 0 m 3903 9JO 33 3 80 0392 gm D Communication Competence communicating in ways that are effective and 8 9 g 2 9 392 D 392 o quot39 m 3 1 m m N 3 n h o c 2 E Q o 9 D 3 o 392 m m D 0 c 3 Q 57 o E D O O 1 3 U 3 9 D U 3 o 9 U 9 3 m D lt c D m 3 o 3 0 3 U y 9 UP P P y 9U g lnGroup a group of people With whom one Identi es OutGroup a group of people WIth whom does NOT Identify Ethnocentrism systematic preference for characteristics of one s own culture Ethnicity an individual39s perception of his or her ancestry or heritage Nationality an individual39s status as a citizen of a particular country Communication Codes verbal and nonverbal behaviors such as idioms and gestures that characterize a culture and distinguish it from other cultures Heterosexuality sexual orientation where one is attracted to the opposite sex Homosexuality sexual orientation where one is attracted to a member of their 0 E 3 m D X Bisexuality sexual orientation where one is attracted to both sexes Asexuality sexual orientation where there is a lack of general interest in sex Expressive Talk verbal communication whose purpose is to express emotions and build relationships Instrumental Talk verbal communication whose purpose is to solve problems and accomplish tasks need based Chapter 3 Communication amp the Self h 0 339 m 2 3 Q 2 S m C D quotC D m D 3 Fl 0 Cquot O 3 O h n O 3 quotC O 3 D 3 Fl m 0 h Fl 339 D m D h Fl 339 0 Fl 0 D 7 3 O E 3 0 unknown to the self and to others mother daughter neighbor attorney activist E 0 7 o C Fl 390 0 Fl 3 D h C 3 3 lt o C rl39 LO 9 3 LG I I Personality the pattern of behaviors and ways of thinking that characterize a person Re ected Appraisal the process whereby a person39s selfconcept is in uenced by his or her beliefs concerning what other people think of the person Social Comparison the process of comparing oneself with others Reference Groups the groups of people with whom one compares oneself in the process of social comparison Need for Control one s need to maintain a degree of in uence in one s relationships Need for Inclusion One39s need to belong to a social group and be included in the activities of others Need For Affection One39s need to give and receive expressions of love and appreciation Image the way one wishes to be seen or perceived by others Image of Management the process of projecting one s desired public image Face a person39s desired perception for the way others see them Facework the behaviors one uses to project one s desired public image to others Face Needs components of one s desire public image Norm of Reciprocity a social expectation that resources and favors provided to one person in a relationship should be reciprocated by that person 39u n 2 a c I 939 9r Lquot e g 3139 3 m 3 392 D D 1 9 8 g 3 o m m E n o o 3 3 8 3 c 3 a R n g m lt Lquot D o o 3 2 lt E T Q rl39 E D E Q 3 rl39 rl39 O D X 39C D n rl39 rl39 O perceive I rn D O n D 3 I39I39 2 n c 3 m g D Fl 0 Fl 9 7 D m 3 0 Fl 3 D 390 D U o 3 U 39o D U 39o D n 5quot lt D n 339 9 U I39I39 D 1 U1 r 9 E uae r m 3 C c m C 9 m m fI39 c n fI39 c D o m lt m fI39 D 3 0 m lt 3 O39 2 m c m D 0 0 n o 3 3 c 2 n m Cquot 3 LC 3 D m 2 3 LC Loaded Language terms that carry strongly positive or negative connotations 5 239 in C O C in r 9 3 in C 9 in P 9 3 LC c 9 LC D 7 m S 3 LC 3 0 D rl39 m 3 o 3 D 390 o U 1 g D 3 D m g 3 LC Reason to make judgements about the world based on evidence rather than emotions Credibility The extent to which others nd someone39s word and actions trustworthy Euphemism a vague and mild expression that symbolizes something more blunt or harsh Slang informal and unconventional words that are often understood by only others in a particular subculture Profanity a form of language considered vulgar rude or obscene in the context in E 239 n 7 F a c U D o lStatement a statement that claims ownership of one39s thoughts or feelings YouStatement a statement that shifts responsibilities for one39s own thoughts or feelings to the listener Chapter 6 Nonverbal Communication E39 1 3 Taking Signal Nonverbal behavior that indicates when a person39s speaking turn begins and ends Facial Display the use of facial expression for communication Symmetry the similarity between the left and right sides of the facebody Intimate Distance the distance most people in western cultures maintain with intimate partners Personal Distance Distance most people in western cultures maintain with friends and relatives Social Distance the distance people in most western cultures maintain with casual acquaintances Public Distance the distance most people in western cultures maintain with public gures Chronemics the use of time Artifact an object or visual feature of an environment with a communicative value HighContact Culture a culture in which people maintain little personal distance with one another LowContact Culture A culture in which people touch infrequently and maintain relatively high levels of personal distance with one another
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