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Human Anatomy Lab Exam 1

by: Allysa Yi

Human Anatomy Lab Exam 1 HHP:1100

Allysa Yi
Human Anatomy Lab
Dr. Ray Fagenbaum

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About this Document

I've included the objectives, some definitions, pictures, and few helpful hints.
Human Anatomy Lab
Dr. Ray Fagenbaum
Study Guide
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This 22 page Study Guide was uploaded by Allysa Yi on Tuesday September 22, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to HHP:1100 at University of Iowa taught by Dr. Ray Fagenbaum in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see Human Anatomy Lab in Health and Human Services at University of Iowa.

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Date Created: 09/22/15
Exam 1 1 Anatomy Terms A Body Position i Anatomical Position Standing erect Feet at on the ground 0 Facing forward 0 Arms at sides 0 Palms forward B Planes of Section i Coronal aka frontal divides the body into anterior and posterior portions ii Sagittal divides the body into left and right portions Midsagittal divides the body on the vertical midline into two equal left and right halves iii Transverse aka horizontal or cross section divides the body into superior and inferior portions iv Oblique made at an angle Frontal plane F39III Median midsagittal plane Transverse plane Transverse Frontal Sagittal Qatar 5 ank frog 8 Frontal section throu t b Transverse section throu l c Median torso torso superior View midsagittal section C Directional Terms i Anteriorventral toward the front ii Posteriordorsal toward the back iii Superiorcranial toward the top iv Inferiorcaudal toward the bottom V Medial toward the midline vi Lateral away from the midline vii Proximal limbs only toward the attachment Closer to the trunk of the body than another viii Distal limbs only away from the attachment 0 Further from the trunk of the body than another iX Superficialexternal toward the outside X Deepinternal away from the outside D Body Cavities i Cranial cavity contains the brain ii Vertebral cavity encloses the spinal cord iii Thoracic cavity has 2 cavities one containing each lung iv Abdominal cavity contains the liver stomach kidneys and other organs v Pelvic cavity contains the bladder some reproductive organs and the rectum II Integumentary System A Dissection i Fingernail epidermis super cial layer amp dermis deep layer ii Thin skin and subcutaneous tissues epidermis dermis hypodermis B Histology the study of microscopic structure of tissue i Thin skin Low magni cation epidermis dermal papilla dermis hypodermis ii Thick skin High magni cation stratum corneum stratum lucidum stratum granulosum stratum spinosum stratum basale epidermis dermis Epidermis Consists of 4 thin skin or 5 thick skin layers the cells gradually move super cially as they maturedie a Stratum corneum dead protective waterresistant layer most super cial layer b Stratum lucidum only on palms of hands and soles of feet thick skin only Stratum granulosum skin cells beginning to die Stratum spinosum next layer out e Stratum basale deepest layer basal cells are rapidly reproducing 9 111 Notes from selftest IV Discussion questions A Often as people age they become more sensitive to cold temperatures What could cause this related to the integumentary system B A basketball player has developed a blister on the plantar aspect of his foot De ne what a blister is and where it is located How does the body attempt to prevent blister formation C After starting a new job as a gardener digging holes to plant trees John notices calluses forming on the palmar aspect of his hands De ne a callus and describe Why they have formed V Skeletal System A Dissection i Skull and associated bones coronal suture squamous suture lambdoid suture sagittal suture frontal parietal temporal mastoid process styloid process external acoustic meatus zygomatic process occipital occipital condyles foramen magnum external occipital protuberance sphenoid sella turcica medial and lateral pterygoid plate greater Wing lesser Wing anterior and posterior clinoid processes hypophyseal fossa optic canal superior orbital ssure foramen rotundum only seen from the top foramen ovale foramen spinosum foramen lacerum ethmoid cribriform plate crista galli middle nasal concha perpendicular plate nasal maxilla infraorbital foramen palatine process mandible mental foramen mandibular foramen condylar process coronoid process notch angle body zygomatic lacrimal palatine inferior nasal concha vomer hyoid greater horn lesser horn body Styloid process is on the radius ulna and skull Coronoid tip of crown Coracoid crow s beak Condyloid comes from word condylesmooth rounded projection that forms a joint condylar process of mandible Frontal bone Coronal suture Sphenoid bone greater wing Ethmoid bone Parietal bone Temporal bone Lacrimal bone Lambdoid Lacrimal fossa suture Squamous suture Occipital Nasal bone bone Zygomatic Zygomatic bone process Occipitomastoid Maxilla suture External acoustic meatus Mastoid process Styloid process Alveolar margins Mandibular condyle Mandible Mandibular notch Mental foramen Mandibular ramus Mandibular angle Coronoid process a External anatomy of the right side of the skull The Skull Posterior View Sagittal suture Parietal bone Sutu ral bone Lambdoid suture Occipital bone Superior nuchal line External occipital protu beranoe Inferior nuohal line Occipital conder Frontal bone Glabella Frontonasal suture Parietal bone Squamous part of frontal bone Nasal bone Sphenoid bone greater wing Temporal bone Ethmoid bone Lacrimal bone Zygomatic bone Supraorbital foramen notch Supraorbital margin Superior orbital ssure Optic canal Inferior orbital ssure Middle nasal concha Perpendicular plate 5320 Inferior nasal concha Infraorbital foramen Maxilla Vomer Mandible Mental forarnen Mental protuberance a Anterior view of skull O 2011 Pearson Education Inc Frontal bone gribriforln39P39aw Ethmoid riata 98 I bone frontal crest Sphonoid bone ant clinold procos forarncn rotundum foramcn ovalc foramon cpinosum pituitary fossa ioramon lacorum Temporal bone patroua portion Jugular ioramon iivus internal roovo for sigmoid sinus duo moatuc internal occipital croct internal occipital Parietal bone protubaroncc Occipital bono Foramen magnum Superior Cribriform plate Optic canal orbital fissure F oramen HYPOPhYSial fossa rotundum F x F oramen oramen spinosum ovale 1 I Internal 1 F oramen lacerum acoustic opening Jugular Groove for foramen sigmoid sinus Hypoglossal Foramen Intefnal occipital Groove for canal magnum protuberance transverse sinus Superior Anterior orbital fissure clinoid process Optic Lesser Optic groove wing x gt V x Foramen Greater rotundum wing Foramen I Sphenoidal spinosum 38 la Tuberculum Spine Foramen Dorsum Urc39ca sellae Ova39e sellae Posterior clinoid process Maxilla Hard palatine process a r pa39ate Palatine bone 3 a M axiquot a Z omatic bone yg Sphenoid bone Temporal bone greater Wing zygomatic process Foramen ovale Vomer Mandibular fossa Carotid canal Styloid process Mastoid process Jugular foramen Temporal bone Occipital conder Parietal bone Foramen magnum Occipital bone Copyright 2009 Pearson Education Inc publishing as Pearson Benjamin Cummings Ethmoid bone Cribiform plates horizontal plates on superior surface full of tiny foramina Crista galli superior projection Perpendicular plate inferior projection forms the superior portion ofthe nasal septum Superior and middle nasal conchae curved Ha mulus protrusions that extend medially into the nasal cavity Lateral pterygoid plate Articulartubercle Mandibularfossa Medial pterngId plate Posterior Coronoid process Mandibular notch Alveolar process 3 Interior View Crlbrllorrn plate part of horizontal plate Mental foramen Crista galli Olfactory loramlna Orbital plate r y Left lateral mass Ethmoid slnuses Mlddle nasal concha Perpendicular plate The mandible in lateral view Coronoid process Teeth molarS Condylar process Alveolar process Mandibular notch Body of the mandible Ramus of the mandible 2011 Pearson Education Inc ii Vertebral Column Vertebral column be able to identify on any vertebra CHAPTER 7 body pedicles like at the foot the bottom lamina the arch of the L vertebral foramen intervertebral foramen transverse process spinous process always points down superior and inferior articular facetsprocesses Atlas posterior tubercle anterior tubercle 0 Axis odontoid process Cervical vertebra transverse foramen bi d spinous processes 0 Thoracic vertebrae superior inferior and transverse costal facets Sacrum and coccyx promontory ala anterior sacral foramen posterior sacral foramen auricular surface median sacral crest sacral hiatus superior articular process coccygeal cornu transverse process of cocch Remember that Cl does not have a body and not really a spinous process You can tell it s the top of C1 bc there s a smooth fossa on the top The bottominferior is at and sharper Allows C2 aXis with the sharp portion dens to t in Allows rotation of headneck Lamina Vertebra arch Coax rim Spinous Tr artsverse process process Body quot h 39 A Car ow 1 L 73 4 Or Transversc g 7 lt v 39 Male Superior articular process and f i quot facet Supenor artcola Pedicle process Vertebral Lamina Vertebral Women loramen Body centrum 59 We Antarmr Transverse process Superior Pedicle articular process Spinous Superior articular process Spinous process Transverse process Vertebral foramen Inferior articular facet Interior articular facet Arrow passing through 0 39nferior View Inferior articular vertebral foramen DrOCGSS Superior articular process Lamina of vertebral arch lntervertebral foramen lntervertebral disc Spinous process Transverse process Vertebral body Inferior articular process c Posterior view d Lateral view cI Anterior Anterior tubercle c2 Superior articular 398 cat Transverse loramen Posterior arch Posterior tubercle a Superior vlew of atlas Ci Anterior Fovea dentis facet Anterior tubercle Anterior for odontoid process Body Dens odontord process Anterior arch Superior articular surface Transverse T process Transverse Jami36 39 f Interior mm 0098 quot emquot articular 39 articular process was Transverse toramen surface Lamina Posterior arch Posterior tubercle Spinous Pfooess b lnlerlor view of atlas c c Superior view oi axis c2 Copyright 0 2004 Pearson Education lnc publishing as Benjamin Cunmings Dens of axis Transverse ligament of atlas c1 ates Bifid spinous process all 62 ax39s except C7 spinous process c3 is split at its tip Inferior articular process Bifid spinous process Transverse processes 0 vertebra prominens a Cervical vertebrae Cervical Vertebrae C4 and C7 Superior Views Transverse process m 90 Groove for enor spinal nerv A39rter39ior tubercle tubercle Transverse I I I II 39 I 3quot Postenor 39 4 wuss 39 Posterior tubercle 39 39 39 edi e tubercle Supenor articular facet Inferior articular process Lamina Lamina Vertebral forarnen vertebral canal Spinous process 39I 32quot 4th cervical vertebra rth cervical vertebra superiorview superiorview Thoracic Vertebrae and Ligaments Superior articular process Pedlcle Transverse costal lace y Transverse process Superior coslai lacet Superior costar 30 lacet Vertebral iorarnen Superior 5 perior notch articular prooess Interior costai iacel lnlerior vertebral notch Spinous process Transverse process Transverse coslai lacel 6th thoracic vertebra lateral vlevi Spinous process our thoracic vertebra superior view Facet oi rsl seeral vertebra Transverse doges site 01 vertebral tusr39on Lateral crest a Anterior View Is Posterior View Sacral promontory top edge of body of SI Superior articular process Superior articular facet Sacral canal Base of sacrum Sacral ala Sacral tuberosity Anterior sacrar Aurrcular promontory surface Anterior Lateral sacrai sacral crest foramequot Posterior sacral foramen Transverse line 39 a a j Median Sacrum sacral crest 39 Sacral cornu Coccygeal S 39h cornu Apex 0f acra 39atus Transverse sacrum CO1 process 002 Coccyx C03 004 C04 a Anterior view D Posterior view iii Thoracic cage sternum body manubrium jugul notch aka sternal notch sternal angle Xiphoid process ribs tru alse oating costal cartilage Sternal angke Sternal no 1 K A r Thoracnc vertebra Clavicular notch Manubrium True ribs vertebrosternal ribs Bod y Sternum a Xiphold pfOCGSSquot Ribs Vertebro chondral Costal Fa39se39 quotbs cartilage ribs F39 a quot9 quotbs 1 Thoracic Ca e a vertebral ribs 9 iV Pectoral girdle and upper limb ClaVicle sternal end acromial end conoid tubercle Scapula medial lateral and superior borders superior and inferior angles supraspinous fossa infraspinous fossa spine subscapular fossa coracoid think crow s beak process acromion suprascapular notch glenoid cavity Humerus greater and lesser tubercle intertubercular sulcus head surgical neck anatomical neck deltoid tuberosity radial groove medial and lateral epicondyles trochlea capitulum coronoid fossa olecranon fossa Radius head neck radial tuberosity styloid process 0 Ulna olecranon trochlear notch coronoid process ulnar tuberosity styloid process Wrist and hand scaphoid lunate triquetrum pisiform trapezium trapezoid capitate hamate hook of hamate metacarpals IV proximal distal and middle phalanges Acromial end Sternal end Conold tubercle Phalanges Distal Middle Proximal Metacarpal 1 0 Head Shaft Base 3 x SesamOId l bones Carpals Carpals Carpals T Hamate 3 l 39 rapez39um TrapeZIum Tra ezoid Capitate p TrapeZOId Scaphoid 0 Scaphoid P39s39f0rm Trlquetrum Radius Lunate Scapular notch Coracoid process Supraglenoid tubercle Scapular notch Superior border Acromion process Acromior Superior process an Ie 6322 9 Glenoid p 39 Supraspinous cavity Glenoid fossa Spine Infraglenoic cavity Lateral when border M8dia lnfraspinous border fossa Subscapular LateraI fossa border Inferior angle Anterior view Posterior view a b Aramini 390mm Suptrim Mutual0m quot3quot Acnuulul m process bong f m1 arms 1 r Acrmnial quotW m S p 39im H I ch puree 3939 mm bordl l39 i 39 amp Mullll border Malia Sloan b39r quot can llfrmpllum um lateral border Lateral border Greater tubercle Head oi Lesser humerus tubercle Anatomical neck Surgical lnter neck tubercular groove Aka inter tub ercular sulcus Radial groove Deltoid Deitoid tuberosity tub ty er OSI Medial supracondylar ridge Coronoid Later 839 035a supracondylar ridge Olecranon lossa Radial 0888 Medial epicondyie Latem39 Capitulum Trocmea epicondyle a Anterior view b Posterior View Radial Olecranon notch process Trochlear notch Head Of radius Coronoid process Neck or Radial radius tuberost Proximal radloulnar Jolnt Interosseous membrane Ulna Radius Radius Ulnar notch Head of ulna Styloid process of ulna Distal Ioid roce radioulnar xedqu 83 joint Styloid process of radius a Anterior View lb Posterlor vlew V Pelvic girdle and lower limb Hip bone a Ilium iliac crest anterior superior iliac spine posterior superior iliac spine anterior inferior iliac spine posterior inferior iliac spine iliac fossa greater sciatic notch auricular surface pubis pubic tubercle pubic crest superior and inferior ramus of pubis acetabulum symphyseal surface pubic symphysis ischium ischial tuberosity ischial spine lesser sciatic notch ischial ramus obturator foramen Femur head neck intertrochanteric crest intertrochanteric line adductor tubercle patella surface gluteal tuberosity greater trochanter lesser trochanter linea aspera medial epicondyle lateral epicondyle medial condyle lateral condyle popliteal surface Patella base apeX articular facets Leg and foot tibia medial condyle lateral condyle intercondylar eminence tibial tuberosity soleal line medial malleolus f1bular notch f1bula apeX head neck lateral malleolus Ankle and foot talus sustentaculum tali calcaneus tuberosity of calcaneus naVicular cuboid medial intermediate and lateral cuneiforms metatarsals IV proximal middle and distal phalanges Tubercle of the iliac crest IAnterior gluteal mum mac fossa me Posterior gluteal Posterior line lliac crest superior iliac POStB OI39 Anterior superior spine superior iliac spine iliac spine Inferior gluteal line POSUBNOF inferior Anterior inferior Posterior interior iliac spine mac sp39ne iliac spine Arcuate A I m Auncular Greater sciatic cetabu quot line I quotacquot quot v Superior ramus of pubis lschial body Pubic chlal some bturator Ischial spine aw Pubic body tubercle toramen Lesser sciatic notch Iquot V pubis Ischial A 39 pubic crest lschlum tuberosity 39 lschial ramus Inferior ramus Ischmm of pubis lschial farm39s Articular surface of b pubis at pubic symphysis c Copyright 0 2004 Pearson Education Inc publishing as Benjamin Cunmmgs 0 Base of sacrum l l lilac crest Sacrolllac Joint Sacral promontory Coxal bone Pelvic brim os coxae or hip bone lschlal spine Acetabulum Pubic crest Pubic symphysls Arcuate line Pectineal line mum Aoetabulum C Yx Pubis Pubic tubercle Obtu rator foramen Sacroiliac joint Hip bone Pubic crest symphysis n Anterior view Ischial spine or less 7 a Male or more b Female Fovea cap k Head Greater trochanter lnter Lesser trochante trochanteric lntertrochanteric crest line Gluteal tuberosit Apex Linea aspera Anterior Facet for Facet for lateral condy e of femur 39 med39a39 i Medial and 5 tgaegal39e condy39e i lateral supra y 0f femur condylar lines Lateral Surface for lntercondylar foss epicondyle patellar ligament a Patella kneecap Medial conder Posterior 5 It i Adductor tubercle Medial quot epicondyle Lateral epicondyl Patellar surfac l Anterior View Posterior View b Femur thigh bone The surface features of the patella Base of patella Attachment Lateral facet for area for lateral condyle quadriceps of femur tendon Medial facet for medial conder of femur Attachment area for the patellar ligament which attaches the x Apex f patella patella to the tibia of patella Anterior view Posterior view 2011 Pearson Education Inc M Adana Numb quot lnlorcondytar line MWquot Lateral eplcmdyie epicondrie Lateral condin Medlal condyle lntercondytar toesa B Posterior View of right femur Synovial Joint Fibrous joint Medial cuneiform Intermediate quot cuneiform Navicular Talus Trochlea of talus joint htercondyler eminence Lelerei Heed Proxinei thofbuler Flank Distal Middle Proximal Lateral cuneiform Cuboid Calcaneus Anteater niece or medlel oondyte Medlel eurteoe of latent coodyle Tblel Heed of tuberoeny m 0 Meroeeeooe rfquot39f more Anterior border 1 lele mule Anteater eurfeoe Model melleoiue Lelerel meileolue Sustentaculum tali talar shelf Facet for medial malleolus Navicular Intermediate cuneiform First metatarsal I I Phalanges Calcaneus Medial Metatarsals b Medial viewcuneiform Calcaneal tuberosity Facet for Navicular lateral malleolUS Intermediate cuneiform Tarsals Lateral cuneiform Talus a Superior view Cuboid Fifth metatarsal c Lateral view Calcaneus B Histology i Compact bone central canal osteon lacuna canaliculus Animation Skull Describe locations of bony landmarks using anatomical terminology Speci cally state the name and region of the bone on which the landmark is located and use directional terms to describe its location relative to a neighboring structure examples intecondylar eminence located on the proximal aspect of the tibia intermediate to the tibial condyles suprascapular notch located on the superior aspect of the scapula medial to the coracoid process E Describe arrangement of bones in different body regions e g pectoral girdle pelvic girdle skull trunk upper limb lower limb using anatomical terminology to describe location of the bones in relation to each other Self Test Discussion questions i A 68yearold male visited his family doctor for his rst physical examination in 30 years Upon sensing a disgruntled patient the doctor tried to determine the reason He states quotThe nurse who measured my height is incompetent She tells me I39m 539 10quot but I was 639 tall in the Navyquot The doctor performed the measurement again and found the patient to be 539 10quot What explains this discrepancy He explained to the patient that the spine contains some nonbony tissue which shrivels up a bit over the years a The cartilage is being squeezed out over time making us shorter over time ii List bones of the skull that can be palpated identify signi cant landmarks on each Palpated just means things we can feel over skin Ex occipital protuberance iii Mr Chester is a heavy beer drinker He complained of lower back pains After Xray lms were taken he was found to have an exaggerated lumbar curvature What is the name for this condition what is a probable cause in this case how would you correct it 0 Lordosis 0 Fat is pushing it out DO QT Remember these vocabs too Tubercle a protuberance like a finger attachments for muscles humerus Tuberosity think of it as a tubercle that s been stretched out Trochanter a grown upquot tubercle bigger version as in it s on the bigger bones femur Foramen hole fossa depression


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