EXAM 1 STUDY GUIDE
EXAM 1 STUDY GUIDE 11674
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This 7 page Study Guide was uploaded by Katy Pascale on Wednesday September 23, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to 11674 at University of Wisconsin - Eau Claire taught by Jennifer Marie Parker in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 37 views. For similar materials see Human Development in Psychlogy at University of Wisconsin - Eau Claire.
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Date Created: 09/23/15
P230 Study Guide Exam 1 ANSWERS ARE IN BOLD AREAS OF FOCUS 0 Development of the sense at birth ie mostleast developed gt gt gt Touch 0 sensitivity to the mouth palms soles and genitals 0 highly sensitive to pain Taste amp smell 0 Prefer sweet tastes at birth 0 Already have odor preferences 0 Can identify mother by smell from birth Hearing 0 Prefer complex sounds rather than pure tones 0 Learn sound patterns within days 0 Biologically prepared to learn language Vision 0 Limited acuity 0 Scans environment tracks moving objects MOST developed touch and hearing LEAST developed vision 0 Know the general focus of the major theories we summarized ie Piaget Vygotsky etc gt gt Piaget 0 4 cognitive stages 0 Schema 0 Adaptation cat example kid encounters a cat for the rst time 0 Assimilation example kid encounters a dog for the first time and thinks it s a cat 0 Accommodation example kid learns the difference between cats and dogs by getting new information Vygotsky 0 He was a prominent Russian psychologist 0 Sociocultural theory 0 Was interested in 0 the context of social interaction and learning from the MKO most knowledgeable other 0 private speech example talking to oneself as a child which gradually gets internalized 0 transmission of culture to a new generation gt Bronfenbrenner 0 Ecological systems theory circle diagram P230 Study Guide Exam 1 0 Individual microsystem mesosystem exosystem macrosystem 0 Characteristics of the most common sex chromosome disorders gt Dominantrecessive inheritance 0 Huntington s 0 Cystic Fibrosis Incomplete Dominance 0 Sickle cell anemia Xlinked inheritance 0 Hemophilia Genomic imprinting 0 Fragile X syndrome Mutation 0 Cancer Chromosomal abnormalities 0 Down Syndrome problems with the 21St chromosome 0 Sex chromosome problems with the X or Y chromosome 0 Factors that account for the difficulty getting precise information about the damage caused by teratogens gt There are 4 factors that the amount of damage teratogens do depend on 0 Dose 0 Heredity 0 Concurrent negative in uences 0 Age both the mother s and the fetus 0 Prenatal terminology for the various phases the organisms progresses through gt Zygote to join or to yolk 0 Fertilization happens 0 Implantation 0 Start of placenta gt Embryo 6th week 0 Arms legs face begin to develop 0 Organs start to develop 0 Beginning of muscle development 0 Heart begins beating gt Fetus 0 Key events all growth is finishing 0 2nd trimester 0 Fetal movement is felt 0 3rd trimester 0 Age of variability 2226 weeks VVVVV P230 Study Guide Exam 1 0 Difference between correlational studies and experimental causal studies as well as limitations of each gt Correlational studies data is already collected you see if two factors are correlated 0 Limitations can t prove a relationship between variables gt Experimental studies have the ability to control variables in the study 0 Limitations human error control group is disturbed 0 Know the differences between fraternalidentical twins and how each comes into being gt Fraternal 0 Also called dizygotic 0 2 separate zygotes fertilized ova 0 They have completely different DNA gt Identical 0 Also called monozygotic 0 1 zygote that divides into two individuals 0 Same DNA 0 Be able to identify newborn re exes gt Newborn re exes Eye blink Rooting turning head towards touch like for breastfeeding Sucking Moro arches back extends legs throws arms outward then arms brought in toward the body Palmar grasp spontaneously grabs nger Tonic neck Stepping Babinski toes fan out and curl as foot twists in 0000 0000 0 Apgar scale gt Given to the infant 15 minutes after birth gt Infant will get a score of 0 1 or 2 for each category 0 Mpearance 0 Bulse 0 Qrimace 0 Activity 0 Respiration gt Scores 7 or above is approximately normal gt Scores 46 are fairly low gt Scores 3 and below immediate medical attention 0 How does the InformationProcessing Approach View the mind gt It s a continuous theory P230 Study Guide Exam 1 gt Input experiences gt Output behavioral response gt There are 5 components attention memory organize processing speed metacognition thinking about thinking 0 Know when we see the most prenatal changes take place gt 2nd trimester the fetus continues to enlarge rapidly 0 Differences between Freud amp Erikson gt Freud 0 Focused on the three different parts of the personality ego superego id 0 Also concentrated on the psychosexual stages gt Erikson 0 Main difference from Freud Erikson believed culture was a major in uence 0 Average heightweight birth gt Average height 20 inches gt Average weight 75 pounds 0 Individualistic vs Collectivistic cultures gt Individualistic largely concerned with personal needs and goals and they believe that the individual is separate from the group gt Collectivistic believe that the individual is a part of the group and they stress group goals over individual goals 0 How does the term plasticity factor into human development gt Development is plastic from the time we are born 0 Smallfordate vs Premature babies gt Smallfordate 0 May be born at due date OR preterm 0 Below expected weight gt Preterm 0 Born early 0 May be appropriate weight 0 The advantages of using a theory in research 0 Be familiar with the different stages of labor ie main events longest vs shortest etc gt Stage 1 of labor 0 Longest stage 0 Cervix dilates to 10cm and thins out 0 Early labor phase until cervix is 3cm 0 Active labor phase until 7cm 0 Transition phase until full dilation gt Stage 2 of labor P230 Study Guide Exam 1 0 Pushing and delivering gt Stage 3 of labor 0 Delivery of the placenta 0 Be able to define patterns of genetic inheritance and chromosomal abnormalities gt Dominantrecessive inheritance 0 Huntington s 0 Cystic Fibrosis Incomplete Dominance 0 Sickle cell anemia Xlinked inheritance 0 Hemophilia Genomic imprinting 0 Fragile X syndrome Mutation 0 Cancer Chromosomal abnormalities 0 Down Syndrome problems with the 21St chromosome 0 Sex chromosome problems with the X or Y chromosome VVVVV 0 Identify the assumptions of the lifespan perspective gt A field striving for balance 0 Lifelong 0 Multidimensional amp multidirectional 0 Highly plastic 0 In uenced by many factors 0 Research on the brains of mothers vaginal births vs cesarean sections gt Swain et al 2008 gt Measured brain activity with fMRI gt No significant difference in emotional response to another baby s cry and white noise gt Significant difference in emotional response to own infant s cry 0 Mothers who had vaginal births 0 Brain activity in region of empathy and emotion regulation 0 And between own infant s cry and Mher infant s cry 0 Be able to identify the various reproductive technologies discussed gt Donor insemination gt In vitro fertilization IVF 0 99 are done this way 0 The ova and sperm are manually put together outside the body then implanted gt Gamete Intrafallopian Transfer GIFT P230 Study Guide Exam 1 0 Ova and sperm are combined outside the body and BEFORE fertilization happens then put in fallopian tube gt Zygote Intrafallopian Transfer ZIFT 0 Ova and sperm are combined outside the body and fertilization happens then the zygote goes into the fallopian tube gt Frozen embryo transfer FET 0 This is when fertilization already has occurred and the embryo is saved frozen for a later time gt Surrogate mother 0 Traditional illegal in most states the surrogate s DNA would be included in the production of the child 0 Gestational fertilized egg would be implanted in surrogate s uterus and carried to term 0 Continuous vs Discontinuous theories gt Continuous 0 Flexible 0 We already contain skills as children gt Discontinuous 0 Stagetheories 0 Step by step process 0 Stages 13 BEFORE stage 4 0 Be able to identify general definitions of Piaget s 4 stages of cognitive development gt Sensorimotor 0 Infants think by acting on the world with their senses gt Preoperational 0 Development of language and makebelieve play take place gt Concrete operational 0 Children s reasoning becomes logical they organize objects into categories gt Formal operational 0 Abstract and systematic thinking 0 Review sensitive periods during pregnancy gt 1St two weeks 0 Usually not susceptible but could result in prenatal death gt Weeks 37 0 Major structural abnormalities gt Weeks 838 0 Physiological defects and minor structural abnormalities P230 Study Guide Exam 1
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