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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Nova Orn on Wednesday September 23, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to BSC 2010 at University of South Florida taught by Riedinger-Whitmore in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see /class/212649/bsc-2010-university-of-south-florida in Biological Sciences at University of South Florida.
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Date Created: 09/23/15
BSC 2010 Fall 2008 Exam 1 Review Sheet The rst exam will be given on Wednesday September 24th at 11 am It will cover Chapters 1 2 p 3945 4 p 5866 5 and 8 The exam will consist ofa mixture of de nitions short answer and short and long essay questions Please review the lecture handouts and read the chapters to prepare for the exam PowerPoint presentations for each lecture have been posted on Blackboard for your review The following topics will be covered on the exam Themes in Biology be able to identify the important contemporary themes in biology and to brie y describe their importance organization hierarchy of organization from atoms 9 ecosystems There is a degree of order when it comes to how living organisms are organized The hierarchy for living organisms are atoms to biomolecules to organelles to cells to tissues to organs to organ systems to organism to populations to communities to ecosystems properties of living organisms every living organism grows and develops uses energy responds to environment stimuli changes in our external environment homeostasis regulation organizing balancing their activities high degree in adaptation cells 7 be able to de ne cells present the cell theory and differentiate between Eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells Cells are the basic unit of life and are the basic part of every organism The cell theory is a set of principles that hold for every cell type There are two parts to the cell theory the rst is that everything that is living is composed of cells and the second part is that every cell comes from other cells either during mitosis or meiosis There are two types of cells Eukaryotic cells also called true cells are membrane bound have a nucleus and have organelles more structure and more opportunities to do things The organelles are found in the cytoplasm and some have cell walls Prokaryotic cells which are found in bacteria and archea have no nucleus no membrane or organelles They do have DNA and chromosomes which are found in the cytoplasm and cells walls are present DNA 7 be able to de ne it and identify its importance what is a genome structure and function relationship be able to provide an example how organisms are open systems homeostasis 7 be able to differentiate between positive and negative feedbacks diversity oflife 7 how many species have been described How are species classi ed what is the hierarchy of classi cation Domains Kingdom etc what are the domains evolution and natural selection 7 be able to brie y describe each What is the scienti c method approach how do hypotheses differ from theories how are science and technology linked Chemicals and Living Organisms what are isotopes how do stable and unstable isotopes differ what is a covalent bond Differentiate between single and double covalent bonds differentiate between polar and nonpolar bonds Be able to provide or recognize an example of each what is an ionic bond Provide an example differentiate between ions cations and anions be able to discuss the biological importance of weak chemical bonds what are some examples of weak chemical bonds be able to brie y describe hydrogen bonds and Van der Waals interactions why is the 3 D shape of molecules important differentiate between hydrophobic and hydrophilic substances how many valence electrons do carbon atoms possess How many atoms can one carbon atom bond with what does it mean to be tetravalent Why is this important from a biological perspective what are organic molecules Be able to brie y identify some ways in which they might vary what are hydrocarbons What are some features of hydrocarbon compounds what are isomers Be able to differentiate between structural geometric and enantiomer isomers be able to identify the 6 different functional groups attached to organic molecules be able to identify their chemical components Macromolecules what are polymers What are monomers what is a condensation reaction what happens during hydrolysis be able to identify the 4 macromolecules important to living organisms and to identity their monomer components what are carbohydrates how do monosaccharides disaccharides and polysaccharides differ what is the monomer for simple sugars how do aldose sugars differ from ketose sugars how do hexose triose and pentose sugars differ from each other what are some factors which in uence sugar shape and behavior what are the functions of monosaccharides what is a glycosidic linkage what is the function of polysaccharides how does starch differ from glycogen what are some examples of structural polysaccharides why are structural polysaccharides stronger than other polysaccharides Be able to brie y discuss how bonding in uences this strength what are proteins Be able to identify some of the different functions of proteins how many amino acids exist what is a polypeptide be able to identify the basic chemical components of amino acid monomers How do they vary what is an R group What are some ways in which R groups can differ be able to brie y describe the bonding pattern that exists between adjacent amino acids be able to differentiate between the primary secondary tertiary and quaternary structure and discuss their importance what is an alpha helix What is a beta pleated sheet what types of weak bonds are important in determining the tertiary structure of proteins what factors in uence the shape of proteins what are chaperonins what happens when proteins are denatured differentiate between DNA and RNA How do their functions differ what are nucleotides What is the basic chemical structure for a nucleotide what is a nucleoside what are the different kinds of nitrogenous bases How do they differ chemically what is a polynucleotide what is a phosophodiester linkage why is the nitrogenous base sequence important what are some chemical characteristics of lipids be able to provide examples of lipids what are fats What are they composed of What are their functions what is an ester linkage what is a triglyceride how do saturated fatty acids differ from unsaturated fatty acids how do these differences in uence their properties what is a phosopholipid What is it composed of chemically what is a micelle what are steroids How do they vary what are some examples of steroids Metabolism be able to differentiate between catabolic and anabolic pathways be able to define metabolism and identify its importance how does kinetic and potential energy differ What is energy What is free energy why are the 1st and 2quotd laws of thermodynamics important how do exergonic and endergonic reactions differ what is ATP What is it composed of chemically what is phosphorylation How does it relate to the function of ATP how can ATP be generated what is free energy of activation be able to describe the properties of enzymes how they work substrate active site component and the various ways in which they might speed up reactions what is the reaction rate a function of what is the function of cofactors differentiate between competitive and noncompetitive inhibitors Be able to illustrate how they might work what is an allosteric site Why is it important what is allosteric regulation how does feedback inhibition work what is cooperatiVity
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