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Intro to Research Methods

by: Adrien Osinski I

Intro to Research Methods QMB 7565

Adrien Osinski I
GPA 3.64

Anol Bhattacherjee

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Anol Bhattacherjee
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Adrien Osinski I on Wednesday September 23, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to QMB 7565 at University of South Florida taught by Anol Bhattacherjee in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 61 views. For similar materials see /class/212700/qmb-7565-university-of-south-florida in Quantitative Methods at University of South Florida.

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Date Created: 09/23/15
QMB 7565 Research Methods Seminar Sample Exam Questions Please write answers that are direct succinct and complete Longwinded verbose answers without material content or relevance will be penalized You may use tables bullet points examples graphics or whatever conveys your knowledge best The midterms will have two questions no choice for a total of 40 points The finals will have three questions for 60 points Your actual comps will have two questions 1 MetaAnalysis a What is metaanalysis How is it different from a literature review 22 points b What are the key reasons for doing a metaanalysis 3 points c Brie y describe the sequence of steps taken to do a metaanalysis 8 points d What are major problems and biases that in uence metaanalysis 5 points 2 Paradigms a According to Kuhn how does science progress To what extent do you think Kuhn s depiction of scienti c progress applies to social science and why 4 points b How are the following terms different 2 x 3 points 0 Ontology versus epistemology o Functionalism versus interpretivism c Gioia amp Pitre claim that organizational research is multiparadigmatic Why so Provide one example of a research topic that can be studied using two or more paradigms and brie y describe how 3 4 points d Describe one reasonable way by which you can pursue valueadded research within the framework of normal science ie without enacting paradigm shifts 3 points 3 Theories a Brie y elaborate the differences between the following terms use examples if necessary 3 x 3 points 0 Constructs versus variables 0 Inductive versus deductive approach to theorizing o Generalizability versus parsimony b What are the building blocks of a theory Which of these elements are more important and why 4 2 points 0 Outline brie y three different ways of building theories Provide examples if appropriate 5 points 4 Measurement a If you used a measurement scale that has high reliability but poor construct validity how does it impact the results of hypotheses tested using that scale Use an example if necessary 4 points b What are the different ways of assessing construct validity of two or more scales Which approach would you prefer most and why 4 2 points c How do we assess or ensure content validity for scales used in social science research 4 points d Segars 1997 describes a paradigm for scale construction and testing What are the key stages in this paradigm and why are these stages important 6 points 5 Application of theories Pick one of the following three research problems and answer the questions that follow Now that investment banks are separating their auditing and consulting functions you want to nd the impact of this separation on employee morale and performance in these two units You want to study why one rm eg WalMart was successful in implementing VMI vendor managed inventory yet another rm eg KMart could not even recognize the opportunity You want to explain why traditional distribution channels in a retailing rm ie retail stores resist the emergence of their own Internet stores and how to reduce this con ict Of the different theories discussed in class which theory is most appropriate for studying the research problem of your choice and why 4 points Propose two research hypotheses derived from your chosen theory that may help you understand your research problem and explain brie y the l importance and 2 nonobviousness of your chosen hypotheses 6 points What types of scales nominal ordinal etc will you employ to measure the constructs in your hypotheses and why 4 points Brie y describe the approach you will use to designing measurement scales to measure your constructs of interest 6 points Questions 6 through 9 are actual questions taken from recent comps exams 6 Suppose that you were designing a laboratory experiment for your next research study a Within what paradigm is it most likely that you would be operating b What potential sources of bias from the laboratory study method would concern you c What would be the role of theory in designing the study d How would you demonstrate the validity of your measurements e What data analytic techniques would you be most likely to employ f Would the ndings of the laboratory study be generalizable g Suppose that you do not get signi cant results from this study What would be your interpretation of that outcome and what if anything would you do 7 In your seminars you have read about and discussed many different research methods When you are designing a study to investigate a research question you must choose at least one method How is the choice of research method related to Lorthno39m Your paradigm Your epistemology Your assumptions about the homogeneity or heterogeneity of people Causality of your theory Sources of bias Precision of measurement Generalizability of ndings Choice of data analytic statistical approach In answering this part be sure to discuss the distributional assumptions you are making about your data 8 0 High levels of control rigor theoretical and relevance are three desirable characteristics of research For each of these three characteristics a Describe what they mean b Describe what specific things you would do in developing designing and implementing a laboratory experiment to maximize these characteristics c Describe any factors that limit our ability as researchers to achieve a high level of the characteristic when conducting laboratory experiments Rigor in method and data analysis is also critical to excellence in research a What is meant by rigor in method and data analysis b How is rigor in method and data analysis demonstrated in the context of a laboratory experiment c What is the impact of failure to achieve an acceptable level of rigor in data analysis in a laboratory experiment What are the tradeoffs between control relevance and rigor in designing research Dr B s note Theoretical rigor refers to the choice and appropriate application of theories including constructs hypotheses alternative explanations etc while methodological rigor relates to the appropriate application of methodology e g research design measurement statistics inferences etc Suppose thatI was doing a study to test the technology acceptance model which is based on the theory of reasoned action and the theory of planned behavior in the context of employees use of a new system in an organization We will assume thatI have found an excellent measure of an employee s perception of tasktechnologyfit that has been developed and used in most studies in this research stream In addition I plan to have three raters analyze the extent to which the system s features t with and support each employee s tasks so I have a second measure of tasktechnolog t a What is the value of starting with a complete theory that has been widely used in the eld Are there any particular advantages or disadvantages of doing work within an established stream of research b How wouldI evaluate the goodness of this or any other theory c Describe what I would need to do to assess the validity and reliability of the measures of task technology fit d Suppose that the measures of tasktechnolog t are at the ordinal level of measurement What would be the impact on data analysis e The technology acceptance model is a multistage model What data analytic techniques are most appropriate for this kind of model What assumptions about the data are required for these statistical methods to yield valid inferences Dr B s note Ignore the technology acceptance model and the tasktechnology t issues since we didn t discuss that in class but examine the types of questions asked


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