Social Psychology: Chapters 1, 2, and 3 Overview
Social Psychology: Chapters 1, 2, and 3 Overview 21198
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Caspar Snyder on Friday September 19, 2014. The Study Guide belongs to 21198 at University at Buffalo taught by Mark Seery in Fall2014. Since its upload, it has received 82 views.
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Date Created: 09/19/14
Textbook Review Chapters 1 2 and 3 Chapter 1 Important principles in social psychology The self symbol using can re ect on own behavior Selfserving bias 0 Tendency to take credit 0 Deny responsibility for failures 0 Ex Good grades I How smart you are 0 Ex Bad grades I The professor sucks Interactionism 0 Person X situation 0 Behavior in a situation is based on personality or the environment I Changes based on situation 0 Ex Dinner with parents versus a night out with friends Explicit versus implicit cognition 0 Explicit deliberate conscious 0 Implicit automatic outside awareness 0 Be able to process situations faster 0 Make more efficient decisions Culture 0 Collectivism and individualism o Collectivism emphasize group s needs I Focuses on relationships I Eastern cultures 0 Individualism autonomy I Doing things for yourself first 0 Western cultures Evolutionary perspective 0 Evolution shapes universal social behavior 0 Similarities in all cultures Chapter Two Research methods in social psychology Basic versus applied research 0 Basic no goal 0 Just to learn 0 Applied gain knowledge 0 Specific real World problem in mind 0 Applies to products and commercials 0 Will it have an in uence on people Developing a theory and selecting a method Important terms 0 Variables 0 Operational definition 0 Obtaining approval to conduct the study 0 Institutional Review Boards IRBs 0 Ensure safety and Welfare of the subjects 0 Deception o Withholding information or giving false information I Do this to affect behavior 0 Confederates o Trained actor in research team 0 Informed consent 0 First thing test subject does I Signs after reading risks or benefits 0 Debriefing 0 Tell the participants more details of study 0 Tell them about false feedback Collect data 0 Analyze data reevaluate theory and report results Command methods 0 Observational research descriptions 0 What s going on o No manipulation 0 Correlational research capturing relationships 0 How two individual variables correlate to each other 0 Experimental research cause and effect 0 Independent manipulation and dependent variable what you re looking at Metaanalysis 0 Examine a number of studies with similar topics 0 See how their results compare 0 Stronger evidence Chapter Three The self a symbol using reflective social being William James I self as a subject of awareness 0 Thoughts feelings 0 Changes frequently Me self as object of awareness Selfawareness 0 Private and public selfawareness 0 Public aware of outwardly observable behaviors 0 Private internal thoughts and feelings Selfregulation control and direct actions of themselves Gender identity Interdependent and Independent self 0 Cultural frame switching o Immigrant parents 0 Not concerned with groups 0 Found in individualism cultures Strategic selfpresentation trying to gain something 0 Integration 0 Modesty 0 Selfpromotion 0 Exemplification 0 Intimidation 0 Supplication Selfhandicapping sabotage own performance 0 Behavioral and selfreported Selfmonitoring fitting selfpresentation to context Selfesteem gauge of exclusion 0 Sociometer hypothesis inclusion 0 Selfenhancement and self verification motives 0 Dimensions of selfesteem 0 Stability o Implicit versus explicit Selfevaluation maintenance model 0 Re ection V comparison 0 Relevance and closeness o Re ection better if someone else is successful 0 Comparison better if someone else fails
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