Test #1 Study Guide
Test #1 Study Guide BIO 120
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This 10 page Study Guide was uploaded by Kaylee Wilson on Wednesday September 23, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to BIO 120 at Grand Valley State University taught by Aledavood in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 223 views. For similar materials see General Biology I in Biology at Grand Valley State University.
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Date Created: 09/23/15
Ch 17 BIO Study glide 1 Questions Chapter 1 1 Explain the difference between a hypothesis and a theory 2 Why is the concept of evolution fundamental to the study of biology 3 How would you de ne life Chapter 2 1 How do the elements differ from each other and how are their properties determined 2 What is an isotope 3 Why are electrons important 4 Describe the different kinds of chemical bonds 5 Why do we care about chemical bonds 6 What is an emergent property Give an example Chapter 3 1 Describe the four emergent properties of water and why they are important to life 2 How do the chemical properties of water explain the different emergent properties of water 3 Explain why it is important that hydrophilic molecules dissolve in water and hydrophobic molecules do not Chapter 4 1 Why is carbon the foundation of all organic molecules 2 What are the seven functional groups what is their function what macromolecules are they found in and what is their structure Chapter 5 1 What are the monomers and bonds between the monomers called for each of the different kinds of macromolecules 2 How are dehydration and hydrolysis related in terms of macromolecules 3 What is the difference between starch and cellulose Why can humans not digest cellulose 4 Describe the differences between unsaturated fats saturated fats and trans fats 5 Describe a phospholipid its chemical properties where it is found and why it is important 6 What are 8 functions of proteins 7 Brie y describe how DNA codes for proteins 8 Describe the four levels of protein structure 9 Explain how a mutation in the DNA of a gene may or may not impact the function of a protein 10 How are RNA and DNA similar and different Chapter 6 1 Describe in detail the structures of a cell that are found in prokaryotes and eukaryotes and why those structures are important to all cells 2 Describe in detail the structures of a cell that are unique to eukaryotes and why those structures are important to eukaryotic cells 3 Describe in detail the structures of a cell that are unique to animal or plant cells and why those structures are important to those organisms 4 Describe in detail the structure of the nucleus and how the structure is related to its function Explain and track the journey of a protein that moves in and a protein that moves out of a eukaryotic and prokaryotic cell Explain and track how a hydrophilic molecule like K would move in and out of a prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell Chapter 7 1 2 10 Describe in detail the uid mosaic model of cell membranes Describe the difference in cell membranes between an organism living in the artic ocean and organism in shallow tropic waters and an organism living in hot springs What are the different functions of integral membrane proteins Why is a cell membrane important for life What properties must all integral membrane proteins possess Explain the difference between diffusion osmosis facilitated diffusion and active transport and explain why a cell requires all types of transport Explain how channel proteins and carrier proteins work Give examples Describe membrane potential and how it is achieved What is cotransport and give an example Under what circumstances would a cell undergo exocytosis or endocytosis
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