Week 5 Reading Guide
Week 5 Reading Guide ENVD 3114
Popular in History and Theory of ENVD: Buildings
Popular in Environmental Science
This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Asia Peters on Thursday September 24, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to ENVD 3114 at University of Colorado taught by Lindsay,Georgia Lucille in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 69 views. For similar materials see History and Theory of ENVD: Buildings in Environmental Science at University of Colorado.
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Date Created: 09/24/15
51 Friday December 11 y History of Buildings an nularvault aqueduct atrium attic axis barrel vault basmca ckcus sides and chariot circular or CO ncrete rebars to dome forum temple halftimber a curving vault set in a ringshaped pattern an artificial channel for water sometimes underground but often elevated on arches the main inner court of a Roman house with an open roof and a central basin to catch rainwater the colonnade forecourt of a Christian church the story above the main cornice in a classical facade an imaginary straight line about which parts of a building or a group of buildings are arranged a long rounded vault an ancient Roman meeting hall oblong in plan with a high central space lit by clerestory windows hippodrome an ancient Roman roofless enclosure oblong in shape with one straight end and tiers of seats along both at the other end which was curved used for horse and races and gladiatorial contests an eighteenthcentury curved range of houses artificial stone made of a mixture of cement water gravel and sand reinforced concrete is embedded with steel rods or add tensile strength a curved roof usually spanning a circular or polygonal base and sometimes raised on a drum a public civic and commercial square in ancient Roman cities usually surrounded by colonnades and including a basilica and fountain a construction system in which a wooden frame is left exposed and filled in with brick or plaster historiated column hypocaust keystone oculus palisade porphyry terracotta travertine triumphal arch tufa villa outskirts of without gardens Friday December 11 y a freestanding monumental column decorated with a spiral of fnezes an ancient Roman central system using hot air ducts in the floors of the building the central wedgeshaped stone voussoir in an arch sometimes decorated a round window usually at the apex of a dome a series of wooden posts with pointed tops set in the ground vertically as a fence or fortification purple igneous stone associated with royalty often coming from Egypt hard molded and fired clay used for ornamental wall covering or roof or floor tiles a type of pockmarked limestone a decorated Roman gateway usually freestanding wit one or three arched openings celebrating the return of a victori ous general a porous gray volcanic building stone a country house used as a gateway for urban elites and usually the seat of a working farm the Villa Suburbana built on the Renaissance Rome for a wealthy cardinal was often farming functions and featured ornate geometric Friday December 11 y Trajan s aqueduct Segovia Spain 100 CE a multistoried arcuated structure which testifies to Rome s pragmatic imposition of design over nature which channeled water from sources all over Rome and fed a number of water mills on the Janiculum put out of use by 17th century Maison Carree Nimes France 20 BCE resembled the north temple of the Forum of Pompeii the great distance between the two suggests Roman architect s tendency to follow easily reporoced standard models based on modular proportional system Pompeii 70 CE acquired by Home in 80 BCE bestpreserved example of Roman architecture also blended Oscan Etruscan and Greek ideas illustrates the importance of public space long orthogonal blocks Forum shows axial orientation streets paved with easily procurable dark lava stone with ruts carved to guide wagons and carts stepping stones at intersections for pedestrians to avoid fountain water Colosseum Rome 70 CE Roman Empire s largest theater built of concrete vaults and travertine blocks fastened with iron clamps Tuscan bottom lonic middle Corinthian top level 32 elevators 80 arches wooden bandstands in the top for women and slaves Markets of Trajan Rome 110 CE designed y Apollodorus a series of commercial spaces abutting the Forum complex in a hemicycle 150 barrel vaulted taverna lit by a clerestory ground level shops opened to street 2nd level lined an annularvaulted corridor with views of the Forum third level turned inward to the Via Biberatica The Pantheon Rome 125128 CE the most unorthodox religious building in ancient Rome emphasized curved space and sacred governance part temple part throne room combined Hadrian s 3 desire to assimi limits of concrete doors section thickens as it Concrete ash Standardization suppHes Central heat Vitruvius which he nature Greek v Roman lintel front Friday December 11 y late the value of the past while pushing the technology granite columns bronze descends Concrete Revolution exploration of concrete vaults Pantheon bricks different arrangement of materials made of volcanic and limestone initiated by Augustus enabled proper and efficient expansion and protection of the empire all streets allowed transport of war chariots armies etc originally developed by ancient Greeks Hypocaust system of furnaces in empty spaces under the floor 807OBC 15BC Roman author architect civil engineer and military engineer wrote The Ten Books on Architecture in expressed his belief that architecture is an imitation of compare 3 column types temples dedication to public space contrast Greek less decorative Greek used marble and granite Roman used brick and concrete Greeks used post and Romans used arch Greek ceremonies took place outside in of temple Roman ceremonies took place inside
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