Week 6 Reading Guide
Week 6 Reading Guide ENVD 3114
Popular in History and Theory of ENVD: Buildings
Popular in Environmental Science
This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Asia Peters on Thursday September 24, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to ENVD 3114 at University of Colorado taught by Lindsay,Georgia Lucille in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 76 views. For similar materials see History and Theory of ENVD: Buildings in Environmental Science at University of Colorado.
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Date Created: 09/24/15
Friday December 11 y Week 6 71 82 112 121 History of Buildings ablaq imaret tubre interlacing arches iwan kufik script madrasa mihrab minaret mosque plaza portico qibla squinch shapeto 1 Arabic term for alternating bands of colored stones in Islamic masonry derived from Byzantine opus mixtum literally quotsoup kitchenquot a Turkish term that has come to mean the campus of religious foundation that includes a cami mosque madrasa school hammam bath tomb and charitable soup kitchen an arcade or series of arches in which the arches intersect creating a lattice or basketlike pattern a large vaulted space open at one end used in Islamic palaces mosques and madrasas schools the rectangular intertwined lettering used to decorate Islamic religious buildings an Islamic theological or law school a niche in the qibla wall of a Muslim religious building indicating the direction toward Mecca a tall slender tower at a mosque from which the faithful are called to prayer by the crier or muezzin the prayer hall of Islam Spanish word for an open public space in a city a covered entranceway or porch with columns on one or more sides the prescribed Islamic prayer position facing Mecca to which all mosques and tombs are oriented a small arch or a series of gradually wider and projecting concentric arches across the interior corners of a square or polygonal room forming a transition from the room a circular dome or drum above Friday December 11 y Kaaba 620s Mecca prelslamic cult site for Muslim pilgrims cubical granite structure containing many idols including a mysterious black meteorite rebuilt during life of Muhammad Dome of the Rock 687692 Jerusalem lsreal constructed on an elevated terrace centralplan structure resembling Christian martyrium includes a frieze of interlacing kufic script pointed arches and ablaq used as propaganda to attract nonMuslims Great Mosque 707714 12th century Damascus Syria abutted the alKhadra the Green Palace which drew upon the Byzantine precedent of combing temporal and religious authority reutilized the Greco Roman temenos of the ancient city Great Mosque 785990 Cordoba AlAndalus Spain the principle and central monument of the city near the river later known in Spanish as the Mezquita rose next to the alcazar the prince39s urban palace advertised Umayyad political independence identity wellbeing and the separation of western amir prince from the caliphate government of the Abbasid Empire Alhambra 1350s Granada last independent Muslim state in Spain developed by the Nasrid dynasty a fortress on a steep promontory used as a pleasure palace that remains the best Aslamic architecture in alAndalus took name after red clay of the hilltop first built as a home for Jewish poet Ishmael ibn Nagrila grew into a dense palacecity of courts gardens and 5 different palaces Sehzade Cami 1530 Istanbul Turkey built for the sultan39s firstborn son Mehmed who died in infancy central dome abutted with 4 Friday December 11 y semidomes windows allowed unified space to exude optimism light and openness Lutffallah Mosque 1603 Isfahan Iran named after Shaykh Lutfallah an exiled Shiite mystic favored by the court used exclusively by the shah his court and his harem who accessed the prayer hall from an underground passage beneath the maydan entry resembled a labyrinth oriented to be viewedin full profile be the qibla as an emblem of power and greatness Ribbed Dome perhaps inspired by basketweaving techniques or Berber tents and designed to lighten the load of domes ex Great Mosque of Cordoba
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