Exam One Study Guide
Exam One Study Guide RUSS 0090: Russian Fairy Tales with Dr. Crane
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RUSS 0090: Russian Fairy Tales with Dr. Crane
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This 7 page Study Guide was uploaded by Leela Morris on Thursday September 24, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to RUSS 0090: Russian Fairy Tales with Dr. Crane at University of Pittsburgh taught by Dr. Robert Chip Crane in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 128 views. For similar materials see Russian Fairy Tales in Russian at University of Pittsburgh.
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Date Created: 09/24/15
Russian Fairy Tales Exam 1 Study Guide Baba Yaga and Koshchey the Deathe55 Information of Baba Yaga NOTE Not the same character in ever Russian Folk Tale Ambiguous Gender Female Characteristics and Male Characteristics Baba Yaga is on the boundaries of gender roles Owns a mortar and pestle used to grind herbs medicine or witchcraft Cannibalistic tends to threaten to eat other characters Lives in a Hut on Chicken Legs Magic Helper Not a fairy godmother but not the evil stepmother either NOTE Baba Yaga is neither good or bad on the boundaries of good and bad Information of Koshchey the Deathless Aged but yet Ageless Skinny and bony Suspicious suspected to use magic or to be a sorcerer because he s lived for so long Kidnaps women has the sexuality of a young man Connected with nature GOAL to nd his death which is in an egg inside a duck inside a hare inside a chest underneath an oak tree on an island in the ocean Both immortal and mortal Both eternally old and young VILLIANS Nature inevil and evil intention For Russian peasants helped them think through the natural harm in life Secrets and knowledge Baba Yaga counting the spoons Why Only Baba Yaga knows Koshchey s Death Only Koshchey knows where it is Russian Paganism Undalvan s Wrote Russian Folk Belief Focused on the spirits that the Russian peasants believed in Magic Objects and Elements Cyclicity ring egg drawing or walking in circles around something circle dances fertility egg seed tree purity re water bounty livestock grain fruits and vegetables bread feasting return of the sun after winter re birds pussy willows early bloomers personi cations of holidays ef gies etc HoHdays Gods Pagan FestivalsChristian Festivals Yuletide Winter Solstice Christmas ShrovetideMardi GrasBeginning of Lent pancake festival Rusal naia Week Trinity Week Pentecost fty days after Easter festival of vegetation Ivan Kupalo St John s Eve Summer Solstice swimming in the river at midnight Stone dos most of the pagan idols were destroyed after Russia became a Christian country Russian Christians persecuted Russian pagans so the history is minimal Perun God of thunder Khors God of war Dazhog and Stribog Gods of Sun Simargl God of Wind Mokosh God of fertilitygrowth Veles God of cattle Svarog God of tools Domestic and Nature Spirits Domovoi spirit of the house appear as a dog or cat some believed that the domovoi was a spirit of an ancestor dealt with livestock he liked them they may stay if not sell them Dvorovoi spirit of the yard Leshii spirit of the forest appears with horns goat hooves black fur wings a tail like the devil Vodianoi spirit of the water millers and sherman are exceptions to this spirits hostility spirit downed common people Polevoi spirit of the eld o Bolotnyi spirit of the swamp Lugovik spirit of the meadows Rusalka female spirit spirit of unborn babies and drowned maidens did not like women would take their human lovers 0 Rule of proximity the further away from the house the more dangerous the spirits get Russian Orthodoxy 988 Prince Vladimir accepts Christianity 0 Kiev is center of Slavic Christianity 0 The EastWest Great Schism 1054 splits into two churches Rome Catholic Constantinople Orthodox Russians stayed with Orthodox Dvoeverie quotdouble faithquot or quotdouble beliefquot believing in two different and even possibly contradictory belief systems at the same time Ex The Russians were nationally converted to Christianity but continued to believe in certain pagan beliefs and continued certain pagan practices Remythologization basically taking practices from one religion and changing them to t another religion KEY TERMS Folklore folk common people not elite lorebody of knowledge essentially the body of knowledge held by the common people Fairy tale includes magic adventure and a happy ending not necessarily including fairies Animism the belief that natural objects natural phenomena and the universe itself possess souls and consciousness the belief that souls may exist apart from bodies Anthropomorphic ascribing human form qualities or attributes toa being or thing no human esp a deity Metamorphosis a complete change of form structure or substance as transformation by magic or witchcraft ConstantFixed Epithet a descriptive adjective used to qualify a noun one word or phrase Magic Numbers 1 2 esp 3 7 and their multiples ex 3 x 3 The Number Three triad a group of three esp of three closely related or associated persons or things trebling repetition in groups of three ex Three siblings three tasks Magic Objects and Elements See Linda Ivantis above Luthi OneDimensionality The natural and the supernatural world are part of the same world Talking animals and inanimate objects Witches dragons swan maidens Magic helpers Magic objects In folk tales otherness is conveyed by geography forests kingdoms etc not the supernatural Depthlessness No deep social temporal spiritual or psychological relationships No stable relationships Litte rea process of aging No emotional growth of characters marriage but no erotic attraction No difficult decisions Alienation from injury and violence Objects have no stable presences magic objects are used once for one purpose and then forgotten Abstract Style simple statement in lieu of description or detail means of achieving depthessness Only the important details are mentioned just naming no thorough description Only one adjective usually at a time Simple sequences of events simple tasks simple wording Everything happens at the right time Magic objects are perfect for speci c tasks jakobson and Bogatyrev on the Authorship of Folkore Authors in folklore are irrelevant folklore is only folklore if the community accepts it and repeats it some teers are renowned Individual creates community may accept or reject entire thing orjust parts of it if community does not repeat it it dies with the author Written literature becomes literature when it is rst written oral literature becomes folklore when it is adopted by the community Folklore and Folk Culture Folklore expressed creatively through words music customs actions behaviors and materials Folk culture made by the community for the community reasonably simple High culture culture by an elite artist for elite audiences Popular culture arose in the 19th century culture created by elite artists for as many people as possible Na39ive Realism only the concrete speech of an individual speci c recitation of a tale is real and the study of abstractions is the study of ction Communal collection of conventions the shared folkloric tradition of community is real even though individual instances vary Class occupation geography could have a factor on how the folklore was told Performance is composition every time story is told it changes a bit Aleksandr Ostro vskii s The Snow Maiden Play heavily grounded in Folklore Attempt to restore parts of Russian mythology Interested in peasants particularly female peasants Vladimir Propp and Structuralst Morphology Propp rejects the motif system made by Aarne and Thompson Propp doesn t car eabout the details he cares about the actions which slims the motif system and Propp s system of Morphology basically categorizes folk talks by the functions within Function an act of a character de ned from the point of view of its signi cance for the course of the actions stable constant features of tales Only 31 functions Sequence of functions is always identical order occurs in a similar way in every story Fairy tales are of one type because of their structure sequence of functions is always identical no function excludes the possibility of any other function some functions occur in sets Dramatis Personae list of characters on the rst page of a play roles played by characters linked to speci c functions each role are linked to functions Hero central role Villian carries out the villainy struggles with the hero Donor helps the hero out False Hero claiming to have liquidated the villainy but actually didn t Princess sometimes the reward but usually involved in the villainy kidnapping Father shows up at the beginning and the end send the hero out into the world Preparatory Section precede the Villainy or lack that serves as the main motivation for the tale initial situation absentation someone besides the hero leaves interdiction telling someone to do something and Violation they do it anyway reconnaissance out looking for info and information getting the info trickery trick and complicity going with it Villainy Liquidation Wedding Villainy or Lack lack may be implicit motivation for action liquidation villainy or lack is remedied after adventures wedding may be implemented by the acquisition of wealth or power rather than explicitly a wife DepartureDispatch Return dd of her villainy or lack has occurred meditation or connective incident hero knows about the misfortune hero consents to counteraction hero departs return of hero can be returning to somewhere else after liquidation of misfortune or lack hero still may be pursued or have other problems Donor Sequence Donor is the magic helper Donor comes in contact with the hero and test the hero Reaction of the hero Hero either passes or fails test NOTE this function is only the hero s reaction to the donor s text when hero reacts to anything else it is a different function Agreement or receipt of magical agent Hero is rewarded or not depends on pass or fail of test Struggle Victory and Branding hero struggles with the villain victory over villain after maybe a branding of hero branding may result from injury in battle Pursuit and Rescue hero is pursued and rescued by someone possibly donor this is pursuit after liquidation of misfortune hero defeats villain hero rescues princess but villain chases hero rescue of hero False Hero Sequence claims of a false hero difficult task completion of task recognition of the hero exposure of false hero and punishment of false hero or villian
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