American and Texas Constitution Comparison
American and Texas Constitution Comparison GOVT 2306
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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by Ming-Han Lu on Friday September 25, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to GOVT 2306 at University of Texas at Dallas taught by Euel Elliott in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 52 views. For similar materials see State and Local Government in History at University of Texas at Dallas.
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Date Created: 09/25/15
Henry Lu GOVT 9415 American and Texas Constitutions Articles of Confederation 178187 W tten gtUS Constitution l787present They are both written interpretative document has to be interpreted AOC US Constitution 13 state constitutions 50 state constitutions Decentralization Centralism AoC Federalism Unitary Articles of Confederation AoC gtCompact gtVery specific limited power from the national government gtUnicameral Congress gtVoting required a twothirds vote to pass any legislation Each state only got 1 vote gtAmending the articles required unanimity gtUnder Article I Section 8 of the US Constitution Congress is provided the power broad power the necessary and proper powers doctrine The Federalist Papers 10 and 51 Described what was done at the Constitution Convention Advocate their position and refute the arguments of the AntiFederalists Effort to address the concerns and mobilize support for ratification 10 Madison noted that there is one special problem that has to be addressed He was talking about the spirit of factions Factions were any group whether majority or minority of citizens that seek policies that are detrimental to the general interestpublic good He suggests that instead of destroying factions tyranny they can limit the powers of these factions Minority I principle of majority rule Majority I principle of republicanism During that time there was no set definition for a republican government Madison said republicanism is representative government Extended Republic Diverse Nation 47 it sets up Madison s discussion for FP51 He discusses checks and balances amp separation of powers He begins by criticizing the British Constitution He rejects the Henry Lu GOVT 9415 concept of parliamentary government the executive authority is also part of the Parliamentlegislature It placed too much power in too few people Madison is a fan of different branches Separation of Powers Each of the branches has to be connected to the others because it would cause paralysis if the powers were all separated checks amp balances 51 Madison closes the circle here His nal best case for Separation of Power and Checks and Balances Ambition must be made to check Ambition He also makes the really important point that in a republican form of a government the legislature authority in a republican form of government has to prevail still has checks amp balances first among equals
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