Materials for first note-test
Materials for first note-test PSYC 366
Popular in Psych of Abnormal Behavior
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This 10 page Study Guide was uploaded by Sarah Davis on Saturday September 26, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to PSYC 366 at Truman State University taught by Salvatore C. Costa in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 83 views. For similar materials see Psych of Abnormal Behavior in Psychlogy at Truman State University.
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Date Created: 09/26/15
Inclass Notes for rst note test Thursday October 1 abnormal behavior behavior that deviates from the norm set by society Can change culturetoculture to be admitted into the hospital 1 being examined and interviewed 2 huge long process of tests Traumatic symptom of psychotic behavior a break with reality Disorientation time place person person doesn39t know who they are situation Don39t have to have all 4 Delusions belief contrary to reality 0 Can sometimes be violent dangerous to those around them 1 somatic division deals with the body 2 delusions of persecution the 1 most troubling 0 think people are plotting against them 3 delusion of grandeur when you think you39re someone you39re not 4 referenced delusion something happens by chance and they think it39s directed at them Hallucinations people will see something oddly l micropsia see everything smaller than it is macropsia see everything larger than it is dysmegalopsia everything is out of symmetry auditory hallucinations l kind 6070 of hallucinations tactile hallucinations involve touch visual hallucinations seeing things that don39t eXist 7 Causes malnutrition stress drugs anorexia etc Emotional disturbances some appear to be normal withdrawn from reality innappropriate emotional response funnysad sadfunny Verbal communication disturbance make up words that have a private meaning to only them 0 neologism word salad talk in a group of words that have no relation to one another not uncommon to use rhyming words echolalia they repeat everything you say to them 0 some for hours at a time Nonverbal communication disorder writing becomes very strange and unusual body language 99 dressed inappropriately for the weather SchizophreniaMEDICATION MEDICATION MEDICATION medications are not perfect and don39t work on everyone trial and error attitudes of people have changed in regards to mental illness could possibly run in family genetics Schizo split phrenia mind Emil Kraeplin most identi able characteristic would have to be a disturbance in someone39s thinking process Eugen Bleuler coined tern schizophrenia in 1911 Schizophrenia often confused with DID known as multiple personality disorder Therapy and treatment the best therapy is the one that works for individual 1 William Oliver George III39s personal physician someone came to him with accidental camphor overdose When he cameto he was physically and emotionally great 2 An early Greek physician electroshocked people with torpedo sh for headaches 193 8 two Italian doctors Bini and Cerletti developed ECT shock treatment Designed primarily for schizophrenia but only worked if patient was also depressed 0 Still used today but only as a last resort and only after talking with patient and family f1rst long interview process Insulin shocktherapy late 1950s 70s primarily used for schizophrenia dangerous procedure was discontinued U Metrazol when it was in the blood and system they would convulse and break their bones The medication was completely outlawed Prefrontal lobotomy most common procedure They would open the skull separating the nerves in the brain procedure is irreversible and permanent They sever the thalamus and hypothalamus used to make life more livable never to cure 0 their life could completely change emotionally intellectually etc Transorbital lobotomy Freeman Watts used an ice pick to go through the transorbital bone A lot of patients didn39t have anyone there with them during after procedure Most famous client was the Kennedy sister Topectomy Dr Poole remove parts of the frontal cortex Thalamatory procedure searing electric current essentially fried the thalamus Ultrasonic irradiation high frequency sound waves into the subcortical cortex of the brain In the 195 OS lobotomies were under attack People didn39t want them to continue happening Negative effects of lobotomies person lost interest in those around them indifferent to others opinions irreversible Case of Marc and Ervan took electrodes to a man39s head he was never able to live outside of the institution Kinver and Bucy monkeys destroy parts of temporal lobe and limbic system monkeys behavior changed they were tame and calm sexual drive increased for inanimate and animate objects A 7year old was banging his head on everything thalamatory procedure xed the problem Therapist MD or DEO school for a loooong time Average salary 100hour 150200 thousand a year prescribe medications specializations children adults many others clinical psychologist 7080hour majority are PhD therapeutic endeavors PsyD degree focused on therapy might be paired with psychiatrist Social workers seen a lot in about every kind of case 2 year masters program Neurosurgeon doesn39t make good therapist 15 l 6 years in school focus on abnormalities in the brain and nervous system 500600 thousand a year Neurologist normally end up in research andor teaching with a PhD Psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud have medical credentials Practice therapy free association dream analysis Megavitamin nutrition therapy orthomolecular psychiatry important to remember made the clients feel better therefore having better reactions to the treatments B1 B3 B6 B12 folic acid Sleep therapy combat fatigue anxiety depression electrosleep therapy low current while patient was peaceful and relaxed Continuous sleep therapy drug induced sleep narcosis used for bad decision making Narcoanalysis encourage you to talk Hypnosis not considered sleep therapy becoming its own thing bene cial to the people under hypnosis Mesmer father of hypnosis Progressive relaxation 2 step process to relax your muscles Hypnotic persuasion indirect and direct hypnotic suggestion post hypnotic suggestion the next time we meet each other Hypnotic regression relive or rewatch something past life regression therapy one minute of hypnosis does not equal one hour of sleep Have to buy into reincarnation could be more in uential and change everything Psychoanalysis is associated with hypnosis called psychodynamic not the most preferred form of treatment too expensive and longterm goal is too provide insight into patient39s life they want clients to form their own interpretations but they will offer theirs as well Father Maximilian Hell taught Mesmer hypnosis animal magnetism Mesmer touched people as treatment because he had a high animal magnetism Free association patient lets mind wander while speaking everything aloud to therapist transference and countertransference patient puts feelings into therapist therapist is who they feel this way at counter therapist transfers feelings to patient Dream analysis dreams are trying to reveal something Analysis of resistance why are you doing that What are you trying to avoid Coueism Emil Coue There is a healthgiving energy within us tapped through interpretation Everyday and every way I39m getting better and better saying this multiple times a day releases inner health Silva mind control Sylvan learning center trying to exploit the brain waves we never use U 39gtP E Tquot more effective mind control Encounter groups spinoff of Carl Rogers William Schultz pay attention to your own body stay with there and now your body physically speak for yourself and look directly at that person take responsibility for your actions failed emotionally devastating 33 CC 33 CC explore Reichian therapy bioenergetic mental illness caused by failure to have successful orgasm orgasm has the power to heal nd a good sex partner to x problem Carl Simonton certain personalities are more prone to cancer visualization therapy keeping everything bottled up brings on cancer He used breathing and relaxation exercises and visualizing good cells eating bad cells 0 Siegal bought into it polarity therapy energy ow from the universe has the ability to heal Carl Jung thought to be a little bit crazy interested in the paranormal spiritual crises the collective unconscious Al Alder basic mistakes approach maladaptive personal beliefs lead to psychological problems Eric Berne developed to the theory of TA transacual analysis often used by sociologists Harris I39m ok you39re ok we all have PAC inside of us PParent AAdult CChild J anov primal scream therapy screaming relieves the stress and tension within Harry S Sullivan the sstack paratoxic distortions how problematic interpersonal relationships as a child effect adults misinterpretation of reality 0 egoanalytic therapy ego psychology Erickson and Hartmann psychodynamic approach that stresses the importance of the ego defenses and the development of personalities Heins Kohut self psychology modif1ed psychoanalysis selfesteem people need love restoring sense of self feelings Behavior therapy Watson Pavlov Thorndike Phobias are learned Some ideas have stuck today Joesph Wolpe systematic desensitization relaxation techniques to relieve anxiety feared location person etc criticism may appear later on Implosive therapy Tom Stampf University of Wisconsin Madison really used imagery and visualization techniques eliminates the problem at hand confronting fear with fear aversion therapy rid person of undesirable habits typically used with other forms of therapy typically picked people without families playboy therapy show people pictures of men and women token economy BF Skinner behavior modi cation can be used very effectively a system of reward all about the process of learning Skinner box Skinner raised his daughter in a room similar to his creation of the Skinner Box try to change people39s view about life Victor Frankl logotherapy anticipate the anxiety 0 Humbling feeling 0 the human will to meaning Applied behavior analysis typically for positive reinforcement engaging in behavior because of reinforcement trying to help someone change their behavior Stimulant response Classical conditioning principles to clinical problems Wolpe and Eyesnick Social Learning Bandura reteaching people basic skills behavior is viewed as a product of both internal cognitive mediating processes and external stimulus Milien therapy moral therapy less restricted on the patient understanding staff explain the activities to them emphasize less and less restrictions Gestalt therapy wertenheimer Kof lta Kohler Perls study all behavior not just part the whole is worth more than the sum of its parts awareness and endurance of unwanted emotions is a major creative ingredient very con dential therapist concerned about clients big on role play wants the clients to see how they perceive themselves to the world role play stimulates emotional expression 0 try to frustrate patient ght it out helps to develop self worth Personality disorders and anxiety is caused by depression dissociation of the self Reality therapy William Glasser people need to be loved and love themselves would have clients in sessions determine who should be released existential therapy R May and E Gendalin change clients attitudes toward existence Don39t be afraid to take a chance confront Why do I exist Where am I going questions Partners with client help lonely people make choices anxietydepression patients experimental therapy patient and therapist jointly enter into patients fantasy world and act it out together Cognitive therapy Ellis and Erin Beck emotional disturbances come about an individual mentally reiterating unrealistic illogical selfdefeating thoughts Cognitive psychotherapy maladaptive behavior related with unrealistic perceptions and thoughts change by conversation talking George Kelly f1xed roleplay therapy Ellis and Beck examine the role you play in interacting with others Group therapy similar to family therapy Start with 810 people Dealing with feelings toward each other 0 roleplay advice etc Psychodrama l920s Morrino working with alcoholics you act out your own problems Cognitive group behavioral therapy focus on increasing your skills so you feel comfortable around other people Humanistic psychology Carl Rogers Abraham Maslow hierarchy of needs client comes to you You say start talking about anything troubling you You listen You don39t put words in their mouth or judge People need selfrespect Clients are in a growth process Nondirective therapists Ellis rational emotive behavioral therapy psychological problems result from irrational thought process especially irrational beliefs Event itself does not cause the problem its the irrational belief about it Mediate between event irrational consequences Assessment IQ test interview etc Binet Mental age is the formula to nd IQ Chronological age Projective devices job is to tap the deepest levels of desire no time limit rightwrong answer Rorschach test inkblot test original test with popular answers Holtzman inkblot LESS POPULAR inkblot test more colorful Rotter incomplete sentence test leave sentence open and let you finish it House tree person test draw a house a tree and a person and therapist will analyze it TAT thematic apperception test looks for popular and original responses inter and intra individual consistency CAT Children39s apperception test two tests One has all animals one has all people In the two sets they39re doing the same thing See if child recognizes they39re doing the same things MAPS Make a picture story There39s a little briefcase that pulls out into a stage and dolls with it Child acts out scenes on the stage KAHN test of simple arrangement project personal needs into culturally structured symbols Anxiolytics antianxiety medications anxio anxiety lytics to bring to an end MMPI 567 items you can take as long as you need originally intended to identify psychiatric conditions 14 areas of personality covered 4 on validity scales and 10 clinical scales any score below 30 or above 70 my indicate a problem in newer versions the test was made less maledirected chemotherapy drug therapy a lot of times it39s very experimental anti anxiety meds have a spinoff from old barbiturates Antianxiety medications are used for colon in ammation muscle relaxers other things Valium used to be 1 drug in the world Librium Xanax Ativan Klonopin 0 Benzodiazepine family Prozac current 1 medication 6 of American population has used antianxiety meds Antimanic drugs and medications Lithium can help manic a lot 7080 effective death about 1520 side effects toxicity in the system seizures perform multiple tasks but have drastic effect on nervous system have to monitor blood constantly to make sure you don39t overdose Antianxiety drugs are minor tranquilizers Anti psychotic drugs are major tranquilizers Anti anxiety medications affect psychomotor skills Tend to overrely and overuse 1 in 10 American adults take antianxiety meds Anti psychotic medications can have a drastic effect on nervous system 1 Thorazine chloropromazine 2 Stelazine 3 Prolixin 4 Haldol Ban on all A High doses and longterm use can mean bad side effect risk Akathisia restlessness Tardive dyskenisia impairs learning and muscles more common over 50 Distonic reaction spasms eye movements locked muscles About 60 go back to hospital 0 for some the hospital is home Mao Inhibitors Tricyclics designed to be antidepressants There are foods you have to stay away from if on MIs Tricyclics O imipramine 0 elavil O doxepin doesn39t help schizophrenia at all SSRI very popular drugs Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors fewer side effects than other drugs they effect serotonin levels in the brain serotonin linked to mood anxiety disorders Prozac Zoloft Paxil increase the availability of serotonin in the brain by interfering with its reuptake by interfering with its uptake by transmitting neurons Anti manic medications appropriate dose hard to determine with Lithium could cause toxic poisoning could trigger seizures Antipsychotic drugs Resperadol can cause gynoclomastia as a side effect Antidepressants make mouth skin very dry can cause blemishes Antianxiety medications can make you tired drowsy uncoordinated Anti psychotic medications can cause muscle spasms and contortions Antimanic medications Can cause vomiting and fatigue Neurolyptic malignant syndrome about 20 block D2 receptors in the brain all have this in common Thorazine 1954 FDH approval Dantrolene antianxiety Prescribed commonly as a muscle relaxer Gynoclomastia males develop breasts antipsychotic General side effects dry mouth skin skin irritations sleepy and drowsy out of balance muscle twitching fatigue vomiting death
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