STUDIES IN ITALIAN LITERATURE
STUDIES IN ITALIAN LITERATURE ITAL 437
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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by Maiya Tremblay on Saturday September 26, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to ITAL 437 at James Madison University taught by Giuliana Fazzion in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 60 views. For similar materials see /class/213999/ital-437-james-madison-university in Italian at James Madison University.
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Date Created: 09/26/15
ITALENG 437 INFERNO STUDY GUIDE FALL 2008 1 MIDDLE AGES PHILOSOPHY OF LIFE 7 God before everything one s purpose for life is for the after world 2 DANTE S LIFE 7 Was born in Florence came from a family of middle class nobility knew Latin very well wrote in Dolce Stie Novo was involved in the life of politics 3 DANTE S IMPORTANT WORKS 7 Vita Nova Con Vivio De Monarchz39a 4 WHY DANTE WROTE THE DIVINE COMEDY 7 Dante wrote the Divine Comedy during his exile from Florence possibly in 1303 1304 He wrote the Divine Comedy because 1300 was the first Jubilee of the church where Christians would go to Rome for puri cation Writes it when he is 35 5 WHAT DOES THE JOURNEY REPRESENT The journey represents to show humanity the journey through salvation and what happens if you do not save yourself Dante39s story represents not only his own life but also what Dante the poet perceived to be the universal Christian quest for God As a result Dante the character is rooted in the Everyman allegorical tradition Dante s situation is meant to represent that of the whole human race 6 WHEN DOES IT BEGIN Good Friday in the year of 1300 the Jubilee The Jubilee is the year of salvation of sins Good Friday death and resurrection 7 MYTHOLOGY PLAYS A LARGE PART IN THE INFERNO WHY Because Mythology was the world wo God the one that existed before 8 VIRGIL IS EXTREMELY IMPORTANT TO THE INFERNO BOTH SYMBOLICALLY AND IN HIS OWN PERSON EXPLAIN Virgil shows how you can be a good logical person but that you still need God He was also one of the greatest poets of Roman times Dante39s guide through the depths of Hell Historically Virgil lived in the first century bc in what is now northern Italy Scholars consider him the greatest of the Latin poets His masterpiece the Aeneid tells the story of how Aeneas along with fellow survivors of the defeat of Troy came to found Rome The shade or spirit of Virgil that appears in Inferno has been condemned to an eternity in Hell because he lived prior to Christ s appearance on Earth and thus prior to the possibility of redemption in Him Nonetheless Virgil has now received orders to lead Dante through Hell on his spiritual journey Virgil proves a wise resourceful and commanding presence but he often seems helpless to protect Dante from the true dangers of Hell Critics generally consider Virgil an allegorical representation of human reason7both in its immense power and in its inferiority to faith in God 9 HOW DID THE INFERNO ACQUIRE THAT SHAPE 7 A reverse cone because Lucifer was an angel being thrown down to hell in the proximity of Jerusalem 10 THE PHYSICAL CONFIGURATION OF THE INFERNO ARISTOTLE 11 NUMBERS 3 7 9 10 100 7 he 7 virtures 3 he trinity 10commandments 100 because it is a multiple of 10 12 THE DARK WOODS This is the area at the beginning of the Inferno where Dante looses himself 13 WHAT HAPPENED AT THE FOOT OF THE HILL 3 animals obstructing at the foot of the hill 14 THE THREE WOMEN Journey through reasoning acknowledgement of sin stacks of purgatory 15 HOW IS THE ATMOSPHERE IN THE INFERNO Dark and cold it varies as scenes get worse the landscapes get harder 16 HOW ARE THE SOULS JUDGED They present in front of Minos 17 WHAT IS GOING TO HAPPEN JUDGEMENT DAY Except for the suicidal the body will meet the soul IDENTIFICATIONS CHARON A figure that Dante appropriates from Greek mythology Charon is an old man who ferries souls across the river Acheron to Hell ACHERON 7 the river that Charon ferries Dante and Virgil across in hell MINOS The king of Crete in Greek mythology Minos is portrayed by Dante as a giant beast who stands at the Second Circle of Hell deciding where the souls of sinners shall be sent for torment Upon hearing a given sinner s confession Minos curls his tail around himself a specific number of times to represent the circle of Hell to which the soul should be consigned FRANCESCA Paolo and Francesca da Rimini A pair of lovers condemned to the Second Circle of Hell for an adulterous love affair that they began after reading the story of Lancelot and Guinevere CERBERUS 3 headed dog CIACCO predictions There will be political strife in Italy
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