New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here


by: Janet Williamson


Marketplace > James Madison University > General Education > GCOM 122 > FUNDAMENTAL HUMAN COMMUNICATION INDIVIDUAL PRESENTATIONS C1HC
Janet Williamson
GPA 3.65

Timothy Ball

Almost Ready


These notes were just uploaded, and will be ready to view shortly.

Purchase these notes here, or revisit this page.

Either way, we'll remind you when they're ready :)

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Timothy Ball
Study Guide
50 ?




Popular in Course

Popular in General Education

This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Janet Williamson on Saturday September 26, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to GCOM 122 at James Madison University taught by Timothy Ball in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 31 views. For similar materials see /class/214096/gcom-122-james-madison-university in General Education at James Madison University.

Popular in General Education




Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 09/26/15
GCOM 12207 Fundamental Human Communication Individual Presentations Study Guide for Test 2 Public Speaking Chapter 12 Preparing Speeches 1 What are the components of audience analysis demographics values beliefs amp attitudes a Attitude is a learned predisposition to respond favorably or unfavorably toward some attitude object b Belief what a person thinks is true or probable c Value most deeply felt generally shared View of what is deemed good right or worthwhile thinking or behavior d Demographics characteristics such as age gender culture and ethnicity and group af liations e 5 Types ofAudience i Captive i Committed iii Contrary iv Concerned v Casual 2 What elements of speech making are in uenced by audience analysis preparation and presentation a Audience analysis is the process of discovering ways to build bridges between yourself and listeners to identify with their needs hopes dreams interests and concerns In general you construct your speech with the audience always in mind 3 De ne the general purpose speci c purpose and central idea in public speaking a General Purpose identi es the overall goal ofyour speech b Central Idea identi es the main concept point issue or conclusion that you want the audience to understand believe or feel c Speci c Purpose Statement is a concise precise in nitive phrase composed of simple clear language that encompasses both the general purpose and the central idea and indicates what the speaker hopes to accomplish with the speech 4 What should be considered when choosing a topic speaker subject and person addressed a Speaker subject and person addressed should be considered when choosing a topic i Appropriateness and effectiveness 5 How does one avoid plagiarism a You can avoid plagiarism by doing thorough research on the topic ahead of time and attributing the original author for the work 6 What are the types of supporting materials used in speeches a Examples i Hypothetical ii Real iii Extended detailed storyillustration iv Statistics V Testimony of authorities Quoting experts 7 What are the criteria for evaluating supporting material a Credibility b Relevance c Suf ciency 8 What are the basic elements of a competent outline symbols coherence completeness balance and division a Symbols Standard Formatting i I Main Point ii A Primary Sub point iii 1 Secondary Sub point iv a Tertiary Sub point Coherence Logical Consistency and Clarity Completeness Using Full Sentences Balance No Lob sided Time Allotment Division Dividing the Pie Wamp P 9 Identify the organizational pattern used in speeches topical spatial causal chronological problemsolution and Monroe s Motivated Sequence Topical Pattern By the Subject Chronological According to time Spatial according to space Causal who or what is responsible Problem Solution Meeting needs Problem Cause Solution Knowing Why and how Monroe s Motivated Sequence FiveStep Pattern 39 Attention ii Need ii39 Satisfaction i Visualization Action Whore0692 ltltc Chapter 13 Presenting Speech es 10 What is speech anxiety a Speech Anxiety the fear of public Speaking 11 What are some guidelines for managing speech anxiety a Prepare and Practice Transforming Novelty to Familiarity b Gain Proper Perspective Rational Not Rational Thinking c Adopt a Non com petitive Communication Orientation Refrarning d Use Coping Statements Rational Reappraisal e Use Positive Imaging Visualizing Success f Use Relaxation Techniques g Systematic Desensitization Incremental Relaxation 12 What are the critical elements of a speech introduction a Gain Attention Focusing Your Audience b Make a Clear Purpose Statement Providing Intent c Establishing Topic Signi cance Making Audience Care d Preview Main Points The Coming Attractions 13 What are the critical elements of a speech conclusion a Summarize the Main Points Connecting the Parts b Refer to the Introduction Bookending the Speech c Make a Memorable Finish Ending with a Bang not a Whimper 14 What is the difference between oral and written styles of speech making a Oral speaking involves simpler sentences than written b Oral style is highly interactive written style is not c Oral style is usually less formal than written 15 What impact do various delivery considerations have on an audience eye contact vocal variety verbal uency poise dynamism a Eye Contact gaining and maintaining the attention of your audience b Tone of Voice can in uence the mood of your audience Happy sad or monotone c Vocal Fillers affect the uency of the speech i Can become a distraction d A speed of 175 200 words per minute can help improve uency e Strive for a balance between excessive and insuf cient body movement f Distracting Behavior 16 Explain the differences between the major delivery styles manuscript memorized eXtemporaneous and impromptu a Manuscript Speaking A word for word read speech from a prewritten paper b Memorized Speaking a manuscript speech without the paper in front of you c Impromptu Speaking OffTheCuff presentation i A speech delivered without preparation 1 Such as a response to a question within apresentation d Extemporaneous Speaking The virtues of an outline i Delivered from a prepared outline or notes 1 Sounds spontaneous 2 Permits greater eye contact with audience 3 Allows speaker to respond to audiencefeed back Chapter 14 Informative Speaking 17 What distinguishes informative speaking from persuasive speaking a An informative speech focuses on teaching an audience something new b A persuasive speech focuses on convincing listeners to change their viewpoint or behavior 18 What is a transition a Transitions connect what was said to what is going to be said 19 What is necessary for an appropriate or effective oral citation a Use brief pauses to frame the quote b Provide enough information about each source so your audience could easily nd it c If source is unknown provide enough information so your audience can perceive it as credible d Provide caption citation for direct quotes in your power point 20 What are the types of visual aids that can be used during a speech


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

50 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Amaris Trozzo George Washington University

"I made $350 in just two days after posting my first study guide."

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.