U S GOVERNMENT [C4AE]
U S GOVERNMENT [C4AE] GPOSC 225
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Miller Rosenbaum on Saturday September 26, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to GPOSC 225 at James Madison University taught by Kathleen Ferraiolo in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 63 views. For similar materials see /class/214139/gposc-225-james-madison-university in Political Science at James Madison University.
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Date Created: 09/26/15
GPOSC Midterm 1 Review Barone article 0 Millenials have high trust in federal government 0 They haven t witnessed government failure 0 Democrats want more government spending bigger government more federal programs Youn eneration saw low in ation and economic growth LI U m Herbert article 0 Millenials think government should be improving society 0 The face today s challenges which form their political views 37L quot m Representative democracy indirect people rule through elected officials Direct democracy all business decided by citizens in small assemblies Republicanism limited government based on popular consent protected against majority tyranny refine and enlarge with some insulation Fundamentals of Representative Democracy popular sovereignty political liberty political equality Popular sovereignty people ultimately rule majority governs itself 0 Conditions 0 Government policies re ect peoples wishes 0 Competitive free and fair elections 0 Peoples participation in political process 0 Information is available 0 Majority rule Political Equality everyone carries equal weight in voting civil rights Political Liberty people free to act and think without government say Declaration of Independence July 4 1776 0 Call to revolution why colonists should be free of British 0 Written by T Jefferson but comes from thinker John Locke 0 List of grievances about King George III 0 Principles 0 Everyone given natural rights 0 Government is to protect those rights 0 People can withdraw if government fails to do so Natural rights Godgiven rights given to people that can t be taken away Articles of Confederation Loose friendship among states Passed by Congress in 1777 rati ed by states in 1781 Weak central government with few responsibilities and little power Ineffective and unworkable No national judiciary Shays Rebellion 1786 farmers rebelled in Massachusetts to prevent foreclosures on land demonstrated need for stronger national government VA plan based on population NJ plan based on equal representation in unicameral legislature Great Compromise bicameral House based on population and Senate based on equal representation Framer s major goals Strong enough to meet nation s needs No threat to separate states Sovereignty of states No threat to liberty Based on popular consent 0 Popular consent direct and indirect elections Federalist papers 178788 Federalist 10 supports Constitution 0 Mischief of faction caused by group of strong opinion 0 Majority vs minority faction o Faction cure remove cause can t do or control effects Checks on majority rule 3 branches popular vote no congruencies and Amendment process Separation of powers distribution of power 0 Examples 0 Legislative executive judicial Checks and balances prevent tyranny 0 Examples 0 President can veto Congress 0 President nominates judges 0 Congress can override Presidential veto Amending the Constitution 0 23 supermajority of House and Congress 0 3A of state legislatures Federalism division of governing among states and federal government Confederacy states control Unitary System federal control Advantages of Federalism o Encourages political participation bring people closer to government 0 Protects liberty and limits power of government 0 Allows for innovation and experimentation 0 States have diverse needs 0 States can adjust to residents 0 States can learn from other states Advantages of Centralization 0 National standardsequality from state to state 0 Handles a scope of problems 0 Policy activism things get done once instead of 50 times McCulloch vs Maryland 1819 o Determined that 0 Congress has right to set up national bank necessary amp proper clause 0 State cannot taX a government bank supremacy clause 0 Important because it established that elastic clause was too broad
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