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Exam 2 Study guide

by: Emilia Notetaker

Exam 2 Study guide Ant 2410

Emilia Notetaker

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Cultural anthropology
Dr. Mahoney
Study Guide
Cultural Anthropology
50 ?




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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Emilia Notetaker on Thursday March 17, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to Ant 2410 at University of South Florida taught by Dr. Mahoney in Spring 2015. Since its upload, it has received 56 views. For similar materials see Cultural anthropology in anthropology, evolution, sphr at University of South Florida.


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Date Created: 03/17/16
Cultural Anthropology Study Guide Exam 2 Kinship and Family  Kinship: The complex system of social relationships based on marriage (affinity) and birth (consanguinity)  Relevance in the modern world: although kinship has changed it is still relevant in the US. An example of this is the American Legal system  Principle of affinity: marriage  the socially approved union of two people that confers sexual rights and legitimizes children  Principle of consanguinity: birth  Nuclear family: fairly universal, parents and children  Extended family: culturally defined  Kinship Diagrams  Circle: female  Triangle: male  Square: ego (you)  Descent: a cultural rule tying people together based upon supposed common ancestry  Patrilineal descent: through male side of the family (father)  Patrolocal society: marry and live at the husband’s house/family  Bhil in India  Matrilineal descent: through the female side of the family (mother)  Na in China  Mother’s brother assumes the role of father in the household  Bilateral/bilineal: our typical descent structure  Tracing kinship through both the father’s and the mother’s ancestors to some degree  No different names for grandparents  Elements of both  Kinship traced regardless of gender or side of the family  All male and female children are members of both their father's and mother's families  Social conventions of marriage  Incest taboos: people who are related consanguineally  Exogamy: outside the family group  Endogamy: within the family group  Parallel cousins and cross-cousins  Why would you have cross-cousin marriage?  Keep wealth and land within the family  Protect children  Arranged marriage  McCurdy - the Bhil of India  Kinship-centered society  Marriage is too important to be left to kids to decide  U.S. Marriage  Based on love, friendship, other emotional reasons  Express cultural values: personal independence, individualism  Love is socially constructed  Serial monogamy: Only one partner at a time  Neolocal: get their own place  Matrilocal or patrilocal: with whom you live after you get married  Number of partners  Monogamy: only one partner  Polygamy: multiple partners  Polygyny: multiple wives  Polyandry: multiple husbands  Tibetan polyandry o Wealthy landowning families, all brothers marry one wife so the wealth doesn’t get divided o Feudal system  Brideprice/bridewealth: parents of groom to parents of bride  Bride service: when instead of gifts, a man works for hisprospective in-laws for a while to “earn” rights and privilegeof marriage to their daughter  Dowry: from parents of bride to parents of groom  Societies where women are not working, not economic profit Gender  The “opt-out” phenomenon: women quiting their jobs to take care of kids  Traditional gender/family norms  The glass ceiling: form of discrimination that limits women’s advancement  The second shift: work that women do to maintain and sustain the household in addition to their paid employment  Sex vs. Gender vs. Sexuality  Sex: relates to the biological distinction between male and female  Gender: a socio culturally rather than biologically constructed attribute; may or may not be binary ;involves a process of attributing meanings and values to biological and sociocultural differences among women and men  Gender is preformed  Sexuality: Capacity for and expression of sexual pleasure  Intersexuality (or to be intersexual; XX vs. XY etc.)  Gender socialization and some basic examples (toys, colors, behavior, chores, careers)  Men without Sawmills  Traditional gender norms  Women often rejected men, but not because they had a problem being the bread-winner  Women often rejected men because of substance abuse and domestic violence  Do Muslim women need saving from the burqa (or hijab)?  Burqa as “mobile home”  Clean vs dirty  Portable seclution  Accepted by muslim women  Sign of class, respect, piety Race and Ethnicity  Race:  A biological myth  Human genetic variation based on location, heritage, genes but there is very little genetic variation  Skin color, eyes, has changed through time like other genes because of the influence of the location and challenges that people face, natural selection  Blood types show that there is no relation between the color of the skin and the genetic composition of a person  A black and a white person can both have the same blood type, and they might be more similar that two black or two white  There is no such thing as a racial disease  Sickle cell anemia and tay-sachs are examples of natural selection within a genetic pool  Social construct  Colonialism and racial classification  Slavery  The color line  Rule of hypo-descent: children inherit the least prestigious category  Anti-miscegenation laws: not marry outside race  Conception of race changes in different cultures  A social reality  Maintain separation of race  Red linning: not giving loans for black people  Housing segregation and discrimination  Race in the work place  Discrimination based on race  Favoring white candidates  Channeling applicants  No legal racism  Race in media   Ethnicity  Nationality: group of people who share identity  Intersectionality: overlap of forms of social difference. You cannot talk about race or ethnicity without mentioning gender.


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