ARTH 159- TRASH AND TREASURE, TEMPLES AND TOMBS EXAM STUDY GUIDE 1
ARTH 159- TRASH AND TREASURE, TEMPLES AND TOMBS EXAM STUDY GUIDE 1 ARTH1509
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This 6 page Study Guide was uploaded by Tatiana Tabares on Sunday September 27, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to ARTH1509 at University of Colorado taught by Dusinberre,Elspeth Ro in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 47 views. For similar materials see Trash and Treasure in anthropology, evolution, sphr at University of Colorado.
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Date Created: 09/27/15
CLASARTH 1509 Trash amp TreasureTemples amp Tombs Exam 1 Egypt amp Mesopotamia 1 Discuss the role of Machtkunst in the art of rulers in Mesopotamia from the Protoliterate period ca 3500 3000 through the end of the Akkadian period c 2340 2180 Using examples of art and architecture trace the use of Machtkunst in at least three different periods of Mesopotamian history 15 points How do the material examples relate to extant texts 3 points Does the use of Machtkunst change over the time you are considering or remain largely consistent 2 points Machtkunst Power Art Macht might Proliterate Period ca 35003000 King Statues Felt hats Long beards This showed them as being different from other people who were not Kings Gilgamesh a story that was being told in different languages and cultures about a hero 0 Akkadian Period c23402180 Art of Kings 2300 Head of Sargon 0 Single head sculpture made of copper O Sargon 11 great king 0 military prowess related to close relationship with the Gods 0 copper was rare and demonstrated wealth O beard and hair sets him apart from others Stele of Naramsin c22542218 o 11ft tall Son or grandson of Sargon made out of reddish sandstone lulubbis being vanquished speared amp falling off the mtn victorious soldiers marching to the top of the mtn Naramsin is o isolated near the sacred star symbol taller above them hat 0000 0 several weapons 0 closer to the top of mtns where Gods reside 0 Is wearing a helmet with horns a symbol that is only related to deities CLASARTH 1509 Trash amp TreasureTemples amp Tombs Exam 1 Egypt amp Mesopotamia 0 Sun Stars and moon Gods O Gods reside in the mtns o hierarchic scale 0 Demonstrates military prowess 0 Funny looking hat I Only Gods have horns on their headdress I claims that he is God himself Hammurabi s Law Code Hammurabi King of Babylon 17 921750 0 long beard 0 rolled felt hat 0 older sunken features 0 idealizing experience with age 0 oldest civil law code 0 not very many people could actually read this 0 but this left people feeling like even if you can39t read this law code someone else probably can and Hammurabi39s presence is felt because he is everywhere 0 visual narrative of written opening of law code 0 8ft tall 0 Claims that he was called to 0 bring about the rule of righteousness O destroy the wicked and evil doers O the strong should not harm the weak 0 for the well being of mankind O exalted by the gods Visual Narrative O God Shamash sky God seated on altar feet on the mountain tops where Gods reside 4 horns rays of sunlight from his shoulder handing the rod and the ring of justice to hammurabi OOOOO 2 Compare and contrast the self portrayals of Hammurabi of Babylon ca 1780 BCE and Darius I of Achaemenid Persia ca 500 BCE as kings Be sure to consider both texts and art in your answer 5 points each What did each think were his strong points In what ways were they the same and in what ways different Hammurabi Babylon 1780 BCE 0 See Hammurabi s Law code 0 Visual narrative parallels the written narrative O Upholding righteousness and balance as the Gods told him too CLASARTH 1509 Trash amp TreasureTemples amp Tombs Exam 1 Egypt amp Mesopotamia Darius I of Achaemenid Persia 559331 Achaemenids Inscription 0n the Palace of Persepolis quotIf thus thou shalt think quotMay I not feel fear of any otherquot protect this Persian people if the Persian people shall be protected thereafter for the longest while happiness unbroken this will by Ahura come down upon this royal housequot Rock out relief at Bisitun Persepolis world peace held in harmony by King 0 Trilingual monument 0 Visual narrative parallels the written narrative Bull and Lion Sphinxes holding up columns bent axis approach to the king Darius suggests that he is like a God 3 In what ways did Queen PuAbi of Ur ca 26002500 BCE connect herself to the goddess Inanna Be as specific as possible including at least one particular artistic motif at least one notion of the goddess and her powers at least one passage from known texts and at least two of the finds associated with Pu Abi 4 points each The rosette of Inanna Earrings similar to the crescent moon shaped earrings that are described in the love poetry of Inanna Lioness head Gold in her tomb Symbol of wildness and nature that Inanna Represents Queen Puabi of Ur and Inanna Tomb of Queen Pu abi PG 800 Royal Tombs Ur 02600 2500 Tons of skeletons in the front of her tomb Her people sacrificed themselves for their ruler after she passed with a sleep potion Artistic motif Notion of the goddess and her powers One passage from known texts Love poem of inanna Two of the finds associated with her CLASARTH 1509 Trash amp TreasureTemples amp Tombs Exam 1 Egypt amp Mesopotamia 4 Describe four ways in which the Amarna period ca 13521336 BCE was different from the rest of the New Kingdom in Egypt 5 points each Be sure to eXplain what Pharaoh was trying to do in each of the instances you discuss Akhenaten 1352 1336 BCE Find relief of Akhenaten and Nefertiti 4 ways in which Amarna period was diff from the rest of New Kingdom 1 The name of the Sun God was changed 2 Everything was centralized around the Sun a Pharaoh39s house was right next to the temple of Aten b Monotheistic c There is a bridge from one end of his house to the other across street without having to go through the city streets d Pharaoh separates himself from normal people more in this time period Pharaohs thought or showed themselves more as Gods Fertility was important Family values were shown Ways of portraying the Pharaoh were very diff Built towns using social zoning SERUM The rest of the New Kingdom focused on o Militaristic Rule 0 National fervor O The unification of upper and lower Egypt 5 Compare and contrast notions of kingship in Old Kingdom and Middle Kingdom Egypt What were the duties and responsibilities of Pharaohs 5 points each How did Pharaohs have themselves portrayed 5 points each Be sure to use specific evidence to back up your suggestions including architecture mortuary art sculpture etc ngship In the Old Kingdom I Palette of Narmer 39 7 Ka Statue of Khafra c2500 BCE 0 Young 0 Beautiful 0 Connected to God 0 Sun GodSky God Duties and responsibilities 0 For the weather 0 For the rise and set of the Sun each day Notions of Ki CLASARTH 1509 Trash amp TreasureTemples amp Tombs Exam 1 Egypt amp Mesopotamia O For fertility 0 Worship of Gods How did they portray themselves 0 Conceptualizing the person rather than realism They use lots of symbolism as well Looks different from everyone else Fat rolls meant wealth and sometimes also fertility In the Middle Kingdom quot Senusret III Dynasty 12 18741855 BCE i 7 Duties and responsibilities 0 Expansion of Egypt 0 Patrolling borders 0 Military type rule 0 Conquering foreigners gt This is after the collapse at the end of the 6th Dynasty First Intermediate Period 0 Climate change Nile stops ooding when it is supposed too 0 Blame falls to pharaoh from the Old Kingdom 0 Societal Breakdown How did they portray themselves 0 Statues depicted as more human looks like everyone else Older not younger Less idealized more real Experienced Skinnier less fat less wealth Statement Wise elder Housing of pharaoh is just like everyone elses Compare and contrast Ramses II39s portrayal of himself 1279 1213 BCE with that of Assurnasirpal II 883 859 BCE What was the role of Machtkunst 5 points What do the monuments show about ideal kingship in these periods 10 points What similarities and differences do you notice between the Egyptian and the Mesopotamian king 5 points Be sure to include architecture as well as art in your answer and to cite specific examples to support your comments Ramses portrayal of himself 12791213 BCE Egypt g j Machtkunst Role 339 l o Represented as a hero 0 Temple of Amun at Karnak o Tons of bigger than life statues of himself What do the monuments show about ideal kingship in these periods CLASARTH 1509 Trash amp TreasureTemp1es amp Tombs Exam 1 Egypt amp Mesopotamia 0 Temple of Amun at Karnak o Statues were larger than those of the Sun God 0 People looked to their Kings as if they too were Gods o Temple of Ramses II at Abu Slmbel 12791213 BCE 4 Giant statues of himself 1 Small statue of the Sun God A message of if you cross the borders we will get you We are powerful and wealthy OOOO 39 Assurnasirpal M 883859 Mesopotamia Assurnasirpal ll 883859 quot quot at Nimrud k Machtkunst Role What do the monuments show about ideal kingship in these periods o His whole image is that he is powerful and can conquer all 0 Killing lions running them over more than one at a time 0 You are approaching the King as a captive following this wall showing how the king will destroy you c Images of the king surrounded by Gods and looking like Gods sitting under the tree of life o Lamasu wind spirits are at his command and this is the kind of power you have to deal with o Horns on their hats Similarities Differences Review Notes Mesopotamia Sumer period 35002340 Ur Uruk Akkadian period 23402180 Egypt Old Kingdom Old Babylon 21251594 Egypt Middle Kingdom Hammurabi Egypt New Kingdom 15501069 Assyrian Period 1400600 Persia Achaemenids 559331
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