KIN216-Exam2.pdf KIN 216
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This 9 page Study Guide was uploaded by Brittany Ballog on Sunday September 27, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to KIN 216 at Michigan State University taught by Prof. Suton in Spring 2014. Since its upload, it has received 109 views. For similar materials see Applied Human Anatomy in Kinesiology at Michigan State University.
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Date Created: 09/27/15
KIN 216 Practice QuestionsNotes 1 If a bone is thin attened and somewhat curved that bone is a bone a Flat 2 Which bones are joined at the coronal suture a The frontal bone and the right and left parietal 3 To which cranial bone does the mandibular condyle articulate a Temporal bone 4 The bone does NOT form part of the orbit of the eye a Nasal 5 Which facial bones are unpaired a Vomer and Mandible 6 The ribs that are attached posteriorly but are free anteriorly are known as a False ribs 7 Scoliosis is an accentuated lumbar curvature of the spine a False lateral 8 The thumb has no middle phalanx a True 9 The bone that has an trochlear notch an olecranon process and a coronoid process is the a Ulna lnterosseous membrane connects bones between radius and ulna and tibia and fibula Condyle bone marking that is a large protection for bone to bone articulation rounded and on bones Radius and ulna can move over each other but tibia and fibula stay in place Crest narrow ridge Sinus cavity within a bone filled with air and lined with a mucous membrane Facet smooth nearly flat articular surface 0 Process sharp projection mastoid process Trochanter ridges Fossa shallow basinlike depression in a bone often serving as an articular surface 0 Fissure narrow slit like opening True or False 1 Synovial fluid is slippery because of acid that is secreted by fibroblasts located within the articular cartilage FALSE glycoproteins 2 Mineral salts are inorganic components of bone tissue TRUE 3 The pectoral girdle is more stable than the pelvic girdle due to the depth of the glenoid cavity FALSE bad for stability but good for flexibility 4 Maxilla is one of the unpaired facial bones of the skull FALSE maxilla is paired but mandible and vomer are unpaired 5 Sternal end of clavicle attaches to manubrium whereas acromial attaches to scapula TRUE 6 Osteocytes resigning within lacunae are connected via canaliculi between lamellae TRUE 7 Bursae are closed sacs filled with synovial fluid that reduce friction TRUE 8 All digits have three phalanges FALSE thumb doesn t have 3 9 Cartilage located between the intervertebral discs are fibrocartilage TRUE 10 Adduction is movement away from the main axis of the body FALSE toward add 11Epiphyseal plates typically close at the tie an infant learns to walk FALSE 18 and 21 post natal growth 12 Cardiac muscle cells are also called fibers FALSE 1 row is a fiber 13The distal end of the fibula is the lateral malleolus TRUE 14The distal end of the ulna is the olecranon process FALSE proximal 15The symphyses are cartilaginous joints held together by hyaline cartilage FALSE fibrocartilage 16 Which of the following isare TRUE regarding the medullary cavity ls located in the center of diaphysis of long bones Contains yellow bone marrow and no bone tissue Extends into proximal and distal epiphyses of long bones Only A and B e All of the above 17This type of arthritis involves uric acid crystal formation in the joint s synovial membranes a Rheumatoid arthritis b Stenosis c Fibromyalgia d Gouty arthritis e Osteoarthritis 18 Which statement about muscle attachments is FALSE a Origin is less moveable muscle attachment b At least one joint is present between an origin and insertion c Insertion is more moveable muscle attachment d Upon contraction the origin is pulled toward the insertion e All of the above 19 Which of the following bones articulates with every other cranial bone a Sphenoid bone b Ethmoid bone c Occipital bone d Vomer 20 Which of the following is TRUE regarding the 3 types of muscle tissue a They all have striations b They are all voluntary c They all contain sarcomeres d All cells can contract rhythmically with innervation e All of the above are FALSE 21 Which two parts of the vertebrae form the vertebral arch a Lamina pedicle b Body spinous process c Spinous process transverse process d Transverse process lamina 22 Fovea capitis is located on which of the following bones a Humerus b lschium c Pubis d Femur e Scapula 23 is bone softening in adults in children the disorder is called a Osteoporosis Paget s Disease b Osteomalacia rickets 9069 c Osteosarcoma rickets d Osteoporosis clubfoot 24This structure forms the medial bulge of the ankle a Tibial condyle b Medial tubercle c Medial malleolus d Medial condyle 25 Of the various types of skeletal muscle fibers the type that produces the most power is a Slow oxidative fibers b Fast glycolytic fibers c Fast oxidative fibers d Slow glycolytic fibers 26 Which of the following bone and landmark pairs is NOT correct a Frontal glabella b Femur greater trochanter c Temporal styloid process d Occiptal foramen magnum e Atlas dens 27 The only muscle cells that branch are muscle cells a Skeletal b Smooth c Cardiac d A and B only 28 Acetylcholine a binds to the myosin head enabling it to form crossbridges b binds to the sarcolemma and initiates an impulse in the muscle fiber c breaks down the neurotransmitter that activates muscle fibers 29 The area of the sarcomere that contains no thick filaments is known as the a H zone b l band c lntercalated disc d A band 30 In skeletal muscle fibers which regional of the sarcomere contains both thick and thin myofilaments and includes H zone and M line a Zdisc b E band c lband d A band e Both C and D 31 Which of the following bones is not part of the appendicular skeleton Ilium Scapula Sacrum Clavicle e Cuboid 32 The acetabulum consists of which bones a Ilium b Ischium c Pubis d A B and C 33 Which border of the scapula is closest to the vertebral column a Lateral b Medial c Superior d Inferior 34 Which of the following joint classifications is immovable a Diarthroses b Cartilaginous c Amphiarthroses d Synovial e Synarthroses 35 The bone that has an oecranon fossa trochlea and capitulum is the a Humerus b Ulna c Radius d Femur e Tibia 36 Which of following major structures is correctly matched with the bones that form it a Coronal both parietal bones b Squamous parietal bone and frontal bone c Lambdoid parietal and temporal d Sagittal occipital bone and parietal bone e Squamous parietal bone and temporal bone 37 An fracture occurs when bone breaks incompletely only one side of the bone shaft breaks the other side bends a Depressed b Greenstick c Spiral d Compression e Epiphyseal 38 In standard anatomical position which bones in the leg and forearm are lateral 995 Tibia and Humerus Tibia and radius Fibula and radius Tibia and ulna Fibula and ulna 39 The of the scapulae articulates with the at the shoulder Glenoid cavity radius Acromion humerus Acromion sternum Medial border clavicle e Glenoid cavity humerus 40 The three regions of the sternum are the a Xiphoid process manubrium body b Xiphoid process manubrium sternal angle c Sternal angle costal cartilage body 41 This shape of synovial fluid allows wide range of motion a Plane b Pivot c Hinge d Saddle e None of the above 42The of muscle fibers release to deeper areas of myofibril through interconnecting tubules that surround myofilaments a Sarcoplasmic Reticulum Ach b Tropomyosin calcium c Sarcoplasmic Reticulum calcium d Sarcolemma tropmyosin 43 Motor unit consists of a one motor neuron and one muscle fibers it innervates b one motor neuron and all muscle fibers it innervates c all the motor neurons and one muscle fiber 44 Which of the following joints is a syndesmoses Teeth and jaw Intervertebral joint Pubic symphysis Sagittal suture Distal tibiofibular joint 45 A is an organelle that is comprised of regularly arranged fibers that extend the length of a muscle it contains which are actin and myosin a Myocyte myofibrils b Myofilament myofibrils c Myofibril myofilaments 9095 91069 99069 d Myofibrils myocytes 46 Which of the following statements regarding the knee joint is true a There are no bursae b There are two menisci comprised of fibrocartilage c There is a joint capsule located on the anterior side 47Which muscle characteristic refers to the ability of muscle fibers to shorten and pull a Contractibility b Extensibility c Elasticity 48Which of the following bones is NOT one of the tarsals a Talus b Capitate c Navicular d Cuneiforms e Calcaneus 49This region of the vertebral column has a concave curvature and five vertebrae a Lumbar b Thoracic c Sacral 50 A motor unit specialized for powerful movement that perform gross motor activities would most likely have an innervation ratio of a 10 neurons 1 muscle fiber b 1 neuron 10 muscle fibers c 1 neuron 1000 muscle fibers d 1000 neurons 1 muscle fiber e 100 neurons 10 muscle fibers Short Answer 1 The is the medial bone in the proximal row of the carpals Pisiform 2 The outer collar of an intervertebral disc is called the Anulus Fibrosus a Inner collar nucleus pulposes 3 What happens to the following regions of sarcomere from relaxed to contracted state A band stays the same I band gets smaller H zone gets smaller 2 line to 2 line shortens 4 6 9 Name two intracapular knee ligaments Anterior Cruciate Ligament and Posterior Cruciate Ligament Extracapsular Medial tibial collateral ligament Lateral fibular collateral ligament 5 is the connective tissue that surrounds individual muscle fibers and binds adjacent cells together in a muscle Endomysium is a membrane that lines the other surfaces of the bone Periosteum is a specialized form of the foramen rotation in which the palm is turned up Supination Name Four of the Six characteristics found in all synovial joints Synovial fluid ligaments joint cavity joint capsule articular cartilage Nerves and blood vessels True ribs articulate with the anteriorly and with Sternum and thoracic vertebrae posteriorly 10 Name two features that are different between the lumbar and thoracic vertebrae 1 Lumbar and vertebrae have a cubeshaped spinous process Thoracic vertebrae has a long spinous process 2 Thoracic vertebrae articulate with the ribs and lumbar vertebrae don t Ribs 12 pairs 7 superior true ribs 5 inferior false ribs 0 Stenosis narrowing of vertebral canal in lumbar region Pectoral girdle clavicle and scapula Pelvic girdle attaches lower limbs to spine
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