SP13_Exam_1-version_A_WITH_ANSWERS.pdf HNF 150
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This 9 page Study Guide was uploaded by Brittany Ballog on Sunday September 27, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to HNF 150 at Michigan State University taught by k. alaimo in Spring 2014. Since its upload, it has received 205 views. For similar materials see Intro to Human Nutrition in Nursing and Health Sciences at Michigan State University.
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Date Created: 09/27/15
HNF 150 SPRING 2013 EXAM 1 February 07 2013 EXAM FORM A Name Section Student PID Academic Integrity is expected of all students at Michigan State University at all times whether in the presence or absence of members of the faculty Understanding this I declare that I shall not give use or receive unauthorized aid in this examination Signature of the Student DIRECTIONS 1 Use a number 2 pencil to mark your answers on the SCANTRON FORM 2 Write your LAST NAME in the boxes under the words YOUR LAST NAME 3 Fill in the appropriate bubbles under your name or else you cannot receive credit for your work 4 Write your MSU PID NUMBER in the boxes under the words PID 5 FILL IN THE APPROPRIATE BUBBLES UNDER YOUR MSU PID NUMBER ON Write your SECTION NUMBER in the boxes under the word SECTION 1 Fill in the appropriate bubbles under your section number 00 Fill in the appropriate bubble under the word FORM Your form is stated at the top of this page D SIGN THE SCANTRON FORM in the Signature Box Your signature indicates that you agree with the academic integrity code stated above 9 This exam consists of 50 MULTIPLE CHOICE questions and is worth 200 points Your grade will be based on the percentage you answer correctly 10 You will find specific instructions for each question within the exam Indicate your answer by filling in the appropriate bubble next to the corresponding number on the scantron form GOOD LUCK HNFlSO SP13 Exam 1 Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question 1 Once food has entered the stomach the mixture of food saliva and digestive juices is called peristalsis bile umami chyme mucus 2 You are teaching a client how to lower blood cholesterol levels by consuming foods high in fiber Which food would be LEAST EFFECTIVE for this purpose oat bran cereals carrots lowfat cheese apples legumes wpow PPCP 3 Food scientists measure food energy in feet grams ounces kilograms calories PPCF 4 The primary organ of digestion and absorption is the A mouth B stomach C small intestine D large intestine 5 Which fat is NOT predominately saturated fatty acids Palm oil Olive oil Heavy cream Coconut oil Butter 6 In nutrition the word essential means A compounds the body can make for itself B a necessary nutrient that can be obtained only from the diet C that the body can manufacture the nutrient from raw materials D necessary for good health and proper functioning of the body 7 Which of the following must be listed on US food labels trans fat vitamin E zinc vitamin B 12 monounsaturated fat FPCP PPCF 10 ll 12 13 14 15 are integral to the formation of plaques in blood vessels Highdensity lipoproteins Intermediatedensity lipoproteins Very low density lipoproteins Lowdensity lipoproteins POP Three ounces of beef stew offers about the same amount of iron as three ounces of waterpacked tuna but the beef contains over 300 calories while the tuna contains about 100 calories This is an example of A moderation B dietary variety C nutrient density D balance A study conducted in several countries and found that a high intake of legumes and a low intake of animal fat were correlated with a low rate of breast cancer death is an example of an A case study B double blind experiment C intervention study D epidemiological study Scientists believe they have discovered plant ingredients that will lower blood cholesterol levels They test this by having some people drink a beverage containing the plant ingredients every day for 2 months and compare their cholesterol levels with other people who drink a similar beverage that does not have the plant ingredients for 2 months This is an example of what type of research design A case study B laboratory study C intervention study D epidemiological study Which of these options is NOT an ecological or sustainable alternative for Americans if they want to eat less contaminated and nondepleted types of fish A eat fish you catch B eat swordfish C eat small fish D eat Alaskan salmon Which of the following establishes populationwide average requirements used by nutrition policymakers A Recommended Dietary Allowances B Recommended Daily Allowances C Estimated Average Requirements D Daily Values You see a new finding about nutrition reported in your local newspaper Based on this information you would A know that the information is true and trustworthy B wait to apply the findings until they have been repeated and confirmed by independent scientists C contribute the finding to media sensationalism D feel confident about changing your diet accordingly and telling your friends to do the same When chylomicrons first leave the intestinal cells they enter A the blood stream B the lymph C the adipose tissue D the muscles 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 TrueFalse All of the nutrients EXCEPT water provide calories A True B False The majority of carbohydrate digestion occurs in which organ Small intestine Mouth Stomach Large Intestine Pyloric Sphincter PPCF Digestion of most starch begins in the A esophagus B mouth C small intestine D stomach Which agency is responsible for regulating US food labels A Food and Nutrition Board FNB B Department of Health and Human Services DHHS C Food and Drug Administration FDA D United States Department of Agriculture USDA A blood clot that breaks free and cuts off a smaller blood vessel is referred to as a A Aneurysm B Thrombosis C Embolism D Atherosclerosis When Whole Wheat is refined the part of the grain that remains is called the bran germ endosperm husk chyme PPCF How long does it take alcohol to reach the brain once it has entered the stomach About 1 minute 1 hour 5 10 minutes 2 hours About 20 minutes Once carbohydrate is digested and reaches the liver the liver can convert excess carbohydrates into all of the following EXCEPT A bile B glycogen C nonessential amino acids D fat Foods that have been subjected to any process such as addition of additives milling or cooking are called foods processed Whole natural enriched PPCF POP 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 Which DRI Daily Reference Intake is used for establishing safety guidelines and potential toxicity problems A EAR B UL C RDA D AI TrueFalse If you eliminated all fats from your diet you could still get all the essential nutrients that you need A True B False Before he won the big game Joe Flacco drank a large kale ginger apple avocado smoothie with his healthy dinner The smoothie contained 20 grams of fat 50 grams of carbohydrate and 20 grams of protein How many calories were in his smoothie A 250 B 260 C 460 D 880 Cholesterol is found in which of the following foods A Brocolli B Corn C Bananas D Tunafish E Oatmeal A friend asks you what type of oil to use in cooking They want to use an oil that is high in monounsaturated fat and low in saturated fat You would suggest A coconut oil B saf ower oil C olive oil D palm kernel oil Before he lost the big game Colin Kaepernick at a bacon double cheeseburger with fries which contained 60 grams of fat 40 grams of protein and 75 grams of carbohydrate What percent of calories came from fat in his meal A 30 B 44 C 54 D 60 E 75 Which of the following is FALSE about cholesterol A It is a component of bile B It can be found in some plant foods C It is a very important for the functioning of our bodies D It is not an essential nutrient because our bodies can produce it quotSaturationquot refers to the amount of which types of atoms in a fatty acid chain A nitrogen B carbon C hydrogen D Oxygen 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 A friend complains of blurred vision cravings for sweets weakness and excessive thirst and urination These symptoms are suggestive of A diabetes B lactose intolerance C hypoglycemia D fasting TrueFalse The two types of fiber are digestible and indigestible A True B False During the fightor ight reaction also called the stress response the body reacts by A releasing stored glucose from the liver into the blood B temporarily shutting down metabolism C storing excess energy in the adipose tissue D speeding up the work of the digestive system Which are essential fatty acids A linoleic and linolenic acid B monounsaturated fatty acids and triglycerides C polyunsaturated fatty acids D cholesterol and plant sterols TrueFalse Multiple types of research studies have shown that a whole foods plantbased diet consisting of fruit vegetables whole grains nuts seeds and legumes minimizes the risk of chronic diseases such as heart disease and diabetes A True B False Both glucagon and insulin are hormones that are released by which of the following organs Liver Brain Pancreas Heart Kidneys PPCF Fiber has been recommended in the diet for its possible benefits in reducing heart disease by lowering blood cholesterol How is fiber thought to play its role in lowering blood cholesterol A soluble fiber binds with bile in the small intestine and is excreted in feces B insoluble fiber binds with cholesterol in the stomach and is excreted in feces C soluble fiber binds with cholesterol in the blood and is excreted through the liver D insoluble fiber converts to bile in the large intestine and binds with cholesterol Which pairs of foods are rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids A Palm oil and lard B Coconut oil and sun ower oil C Canola oil and olive oil D Corn oil and saf ower oil Which of the following terms would you look for on a bread label to choose the most nutritious product A wheat our B unbleached our C whole grain D multigrain What is the main source of trans fatty acids in the American diet A cholesterol in meat products B plant foods 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 C partial hydrogenation of oils D animal foods The two types of digestion are A simple and complex B mechanical and chemical C solid and liquid D spiritual and physical Which of the following happens immediately after blood glucose rises after eating A the brain does the quotglucose dancequot B the liver secretes insulin and glucagon C the pancreas secretes insulin D the liver releases glucose into the blood Adequate circulation requires three components one of which is A extra veins to move blood in the body B limited exercise to relax the heart C good nutrition to replenish and supply the body with nutrients D no family history of heart attack or cardiovascular disease Triglycerides are transported from the liver to the tissues by A HDL B LDL C VLDL D Chylomicron You have just consumed a meal very high in fat As a result hormonal messages will tell the gall bladder to send to the small intestine in amounts matched to the amount of fat present A hydrochloric acid B mucus C glucagon D bile E bicarbonate Sterols are the starting material for making all of the following EXCEPT A cholesterol B vitamin D C triglycerides D bile You go to your doctor to get your cholesterol levels checked To be in optimal health you would want A High HDL High LDL B High HDL Low LDL C Low HDL High LDL D Low HDL Low LDL Daily Values are used for and they re ect the nutrient requirements for the RDA s people in hospitals food corporation reference their employees government agency information people who live in Washington DC food labels the average healthy individual the RDA s space aliens PPCF HNF150 SP13 Exam 1 VERSION A Answer Section MULTIPLE CHOICE 1 D 2 C 3 E 4 C 5 B 6 B 7 A 8 D 9 C 10 D 11 C 12 B 13 C 14 B 15 B 16 B 17 A 18 B 19 C 20 C 21 C 22 A 23 C 24 A 25 B 26 B 27 C 28 D C C B C A B A A A C A D C 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 anugtoown B C or D Poorly worded question A11 answers given credit
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