SP14_Exam_1-Version_D_Student.pdf HNF 150
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This 7 page Study Guide was uploaded by Brittany Ballog on Sunday September 27, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to HNF 150 at Michigan State University taught by k. alaimo in Spring 2014. Since its upload, it has received 127 views. For similar materials see Intro to Human Nutrition in Nursing and Health Sciences at Michigan State University.
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Date Created: 09/27/15
HNF150 Spring 2014 Exam 1 FORM D Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question 1 Recent recommendations suggest that we consume monounsaturated fats in the place of saturated fat Which of the following items would achieve this goal a margarine b butter c corn oil d canola oil e palm oil Which of the following is the mostused monosaccharide inside the body a lactose b maltose c glucose d galactose e fructose The is the soft white inside portion of a kernel that contains starch and protein a Bran b Endosperm c Germ d Husk When conducting a placebocontrolled experiment to determine the effects of a new diet supplement one group of subjects is given the supplement pill and another group is given a a placebo b nothing c a blood test d 50 grams of carbohydrate Which of the following nutrients does NOT supply energycalories in an individual39s diet a lipids b vitamins c protein d carbohydrates Effects of diets high in omega3 fatty acids include all of the following EXCEPT a help reduce blood clot formation b reduce in ammation c raise LDL cholesterol d lower blood pressure Soluble fibers can be found in all of the following foods EXCEPT a Lowfat milk b Kale c Kidney beans d Apples 10 ll 12 13 14 15 16 TrueFalse Saturated fats are generally solid at room temperature a True b False You are talking with Shaun who is trying to decrease his intake of saturated and trans fat Which of the following items would you recommend as a coffee whitener a half and half b nondairy creamer c cream d skim milk An atherogenic diet which can contribute to atherosclerosis is a High in saturated and trans fats b High in whole grains c Low in added sugars d High in fruits and vegetables TrueFalse In nutrition the word essential nutrient means a necessary nutrient that must be obtained from food in order to prevent de ciencies a True b False TrueFalse Both Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes are autoimmune diseases where the body attacks pancreatic cells a True b False Which of the following does NOT occur as part of the fight or ightstress response a The muscles tense up b The liver releases glucose from its stores c The digestive system speeds up d The fat cells release fat e The heart beats faster A study conducted in Alaska where a high intake of fish among Inuits was correlated with a low rate of cardiovascular disease death is an example of an a intervention study b epidemiological study c double blind experiment d case study The most energyrich of the nutrients is a water b carbohydrate c protein d fat TrueFalse According to the movie Forks Over Knives a wholefoods plantbased diet includes unprocessed fruits vegetables whole grains and legumes and excludes or reduces consumption of animal foods added sugars added oil and refined white our a True b False 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 Which of the following research designs is the most powerful in pinpointing the mechanisms by which nutrition acts because it shows the effect of treatments a Case studies b Correlation studies c Epidemiological studies d Intervention studies Ketosis is a condition that results when the body doesn t have adequate access to a Water b Carbohydrate c Fat d Vitamins e Protein The 2010 Dietary Guidelines encourage Americans to consume less a complex carbohydrates b refined grains c whole grains d added vegetables e fruits are central to the formation of plaques in blood vessels that contribute to cardiovascular disease a HDL b LDL c VLDL d IDL After sugars are broken down to monosaccharides by the pancreatic enzymes they are carried in the blood to the a Gall bladder b Liver c Stomach d Large Intestine Which of the following is an excellent source of Linoleic acid a Coldwater fish b Hamburger meat c Corn oil d Coconut oil C Corn Oil is the correct answer but because this question was not found in the Learning Objectives Dr Alaimo has given all students credit for this question The DRI s are set by the a FDA Food and Drug Administration b USDA United States Department of Agriculture c DHHS Department of Health and Human Services d Food and Nutrition Board National Academy of Sciences Which of the following are most likely to cause dental caries a Sugar and starch b Monounsaturated fat and fiber c Sugar and fiber d Sugar and cholesterol 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 The Mediterranean diet is high in saturated fat high in monounsaturated fats high in refined grains high in alcohol low in vegetables 99062 Which is NOT required to be listed on the Nutrition Facts panel of food labels a trans fat b polyunsaturated fat c cholesterol d vitamin C e sodium TrueFalse Eating fatty coldwater ocean fish such as sardines provides heart health benefits if eaten on a regular basis a True b False True is the correct answer but Dr Alaimo is giving all students credit for this question because of the unclear wording of this question When your blood glucose is low this hormone is released to convert liver glycogen to glucose a Glucagon b Mucus c Insulin d Micelle How many calories are in a food that contains 10 grams of carbohydrate 5 grams protein and 20 grams of a 240 b 160 c 209 d 150 e 249 Three ounces of beef stew offers about the same amount of iron as three ounces of waterpacked tuna but the beef contains over 300 calories While the tuna contains about 100 calories This is an example of a dietary variety b nutrient density c moderation d balance Kristin is buying a loaf of bread and wants to make sure the bread is nutritious and high in fiber Which of the following should she look for on the ingredients list a Enriched White our b Refined our c Whole Wheat our d Multigrain our e Unbleached White our 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 The ingredients on food labels are listed a b c d in ascending order by nutritional value in descending order by nutritional value in ascending order by weight in descending order by weight Mechanical digestion of food includes a b c d peristalsis waves to move the foods down through the digestive tract chewing to allow some nutrients to be absorbed into the body through the tongue release of bile from the gallbladder into the small intestine release of gastric juices in the stomach to begin protein digestion The correct answer is A Dr Alaimo has given credit for responses A and C because technically the release of bile is mechanical although the action of bile is chemical The main purpose of the kidneys in the body is to a b c d remove carbon dioxide and excrete it in urine remove wastes and form urine to be excreted from the body store glycogen for use in emergencies by the body pump blood throughout the body The stomach39s main function is the digestion of what nutrient a fiber b carbohydrate c fat d protein Which of the following does NOT contain fiber a movie theater popcorn b instant oatmeal with cream c McDonald s carrots sticks d turkey leg with skin Which of the following provides 7 calories per gram a Water b Carbohydrate c Alcohol d Fat A compound in cranberries may prevent some bacteria from clinging to the urinary tract and help prevent urinary tract infections This compound is an example of a a b c d natural food phytochemical whole food chylomicron Which of the following lipoproteins is involved in reverse cholesterol transport 999 s VLDL Micelle HDL LDL 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 e Chylomicron What is the name of the condition in which a person is unable to digest milk sugar a Lactose Intolerance b Fibrosis c Milk allergy d Ketosis The EARs Estimated Average Requirements are used specifically for setting safety guidelines for the maximum intake of nutrients b research and policy making as well as forming the basis for the RDA s c an average reference value when there is not enough information to set an RDA d giving people an idea of what food groups they should eat and in what quantity 9 Which of the following is most likely to improve satiety a Sugar b Carbohydrates c Alcohol d Fat e Minerals Both B Fiber a form of carbohydrate and D were given credit for this question Food scientists measure food energy in a calories b kilograms c units of weight d grams What is the most accurate statement to make about the process of hydrogenation of liquid vegetable oils a oils that have been hydrogenated are more resistant to oxidation that will spoil them and make them rancid b eating hydrogenated oils has the same health benefits as eating liquid vegetable oils c hydrogenation makes the oils more healthy because of the addition of hydrogen to keep them liquid in food products d hydrogenation will increase the activity of vitamins found in the oils V Which of the following is NOT one of the major storage sites that store nutrients for release to meet the cells needs between meals a pancreas b fat cells c liver d muscles TrueFalse According to the movie Forks Over Knives following a whole foods plant based diet can help prevent and in some cases reverse heart disease and diabetes a True b False The majority of ingested carbohydrates proteins and fats are digested by enzymes and then absorbed in which part of the digestive system a Pancreas 48 49 50 b Small intestine c Large intestine d Stomach The extent to which a food raises the blood glucose level and elicits an insulin response as compared with pure glucose can be measured and ranked on a scale called the insulin index digestibility index glycemic index consumer price index hypoglycemic index 9999 s A food provides 5 grams of fat and 450 total calories What is the percentage of calories as fat in this product a 24 b 10 c 4 d 12 e 30 The digestive juices in the digestive tract include gastric juice in the stomach which has the role of digesting fats bile released by the gallbladder to break down carbohydrates in the stomach saliva which begins the digestion of starch enzymes in the small intestine to break down fiber 9 99quot
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