Hum.Nutr. Exam 1 Studyguide.pdf
Hum.Nutr. Exam 1 Studyguide.pdf 2210
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This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by Alyssa Leathers on Sunday September 28, 2014. The Study Guide belongs to 2210 at Ohio State University taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 178 views. For similar materials see Human Nutrition in Natural Sciences at Ohio State University.
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Date Created: 09/28/14
Human Nutrition 2210 Exam 1 Study Guide Lecture Review August 27th 6 classes of nutrients 1 Carbohydrates 2 Proteins 3 Lipids 4 Vitamins 5Minerals 6Water Essential Nutrients Necessary for life vital for growth and maintenance August 29th Nutrients Minerals Inorganic essential substances carbon Nervous system water balance structural needs cellular process Need in tiny amounts Energy Yielding recommendations Carbs 4kcalg 45 to 65 Protein 4kcalg 10 to 35 Lipids 9kcalg 20 to 35 Alcohol 7kcal g Minerals Vitamins Water yield no energy BMI body mass index Height and weight determine weight x 70 3 height squared Healthy overweight obese September 3rd RDA recommended dietary allowances Slide Amount is sufficient to meet the needs of nearly all healthy individuals generous allowances Daily Values DV Nutrition standards for food labels Nutrition Facts Panel Standardized serving size typical American serving size Must list total calories calories from fat sodium total fat saturated fat cholesterol carbs fiber sugar protein vitamin A C calcium iron health claims My Plate Puts dietary guidelines into action 2011 revision of My pyramid Emphasize fruits veggies grains dairy and protein Plate portion size Healthy Diet Variety of foods balanced by a moderate intake of each Sufficient nutrients balance moderation September 8th Digestive System Mouth esophagus stomach stomach acid small intestine intestinal cells nutrient absorption large intestine and rectum Accessory Organs assist in digestion and nutrient absorption liver pancreas and urinary system kidney Nutrient storage capabilities adipose tissue fat storage amino acids glucose glycogen excess nutrient conversion vitamins and minerals calcium in bones Digestion Problems ulcers heartburn constipation hemorrhoids irritable bowel syndrome diarrhea gallstones and celiac disease September 12th Monosaccharide s one simple carb glucose fructose galactose pentose Disaccharides two monosaccharide linked by a condensation reaction alphabeta bonds maltose sucrose lactose Health Benefits of Dietary Fiber absorb hold water regulate bathroom process lower cardiovascular disease risk and decrease hemorrhoids and diverticula Carb Intake Recommendations 45 to 65 of total energy needs limit added sugars and calorie sweeteners RDA 130 grams Carb Digestion break down big things into smaller Health concerns excessive of any nutrient can have negative health effects high fiber diet blockage high sugar diet weight gain and disease lactose intolerance damage lactose cells glucose intolerance lowhigh blood sugar and maintaining blood glucose levels liver and pancreas Functions of Indigestible Carbs Bowel health reduce obesity risk reduce cholesterol absorption and enhancing blood glucose control Helpful Info from Textbook Pages 1415 60 Check your knowledge sections Pages 29 119 159 Figures on pages 67 97 99 113 and 141
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