TEST 1 STUDY GUIDE 2!!!
TEST 1 STUDY GUIDE 2!!! 402
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This 6 page Study Guide was uploaded by Meagan Brant on Sunday September 27, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to 402 at Ball State University taught by Hennessee in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 27 views. For similar materials see Sociological Theory in Sociology at Ball State University.
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Date Created: 09/27/15
10f6 Meagan Brant Dr Kim Hennessee SOC 402 Reflection of Capitalism A Love Story 1 Capitalist Society commodities alientation Embedded in the readings of Marx from Social Theory Continuity and Confrontation lies the legacy that Marx left behind From these readings the video What is Marxism and other valuable pieces of information learned in class we form Marx s ideal of capitalism as a social institution In Marx39s point of view capitalism is a response to industrialism in which people are now producing items not for personal gain of the product itself need but for profit money For example the story of Jim is portrayed In a time before capitalism Jim was a self employed wooden chair producer He was the best of his kind at what he did and he simply loved doing it Before hand he used his magnificent craftsmanship skills to cut down the tree and make his own tools He had the leisure of choosing when he could work how he could work and he got to make his own decisions about design Once the idea was set in stone the process began He got to see the improvement from start to finish what started as a mere tree in the woods has now transformed into a beautiful masterpiece in which he has invested all his pride and joy In the end he keeps the chair for his family His wife is about to have a baby and envisions her rocking the child to sleep in this chair Now industrialism hits Jim s town Jim has a wife and a new born baby to take care of and the unpaid work he is currently doing no longer fits in this capitalist society He loves making chairs so he decides to go work for a factory that mass produces them The relationship with the work now is vastly different than in his own work shop Jim is only required to screw one leg into the base of the chair He never gets to use his own ideas he doesn t see the end 20f6 product nor does he have pride in doing this monotonous work Even though he is earning a profit to be the breadwinner for his family he is undoubtedly unhappy Marx would argue that Jim has now become a victim of capitalism where the production is no longer aiding personal need but profit Alienation sets in and no Jim longer possesses personal joy and value in his chairs There is a stark disconnect between work and the individual This idea translates to that of the movie when it is stated that human identity is no longer what one does but what one owns Before Jim took so much pride in what he did He was a chair producer However when the job became less personal more monotonous and less autonomous he no longer wished to be defined as a chair producer It was just the obligation rather than a self identity that put food on the table However Jim and others who live and work in our capitalist society do not fight against this ideal Even when they are doing jobs that they don t necessarily like they are earning money which will buy them the stuff that they need Capitalism keeps society a float because it has tricked us into believing that money translates to power as those with more money have the ability to be defined by all the stuff they have Worker and Owner inequalities Going back to Jim s life story when he worked out of his own shop he was his own boss But now that he works in a factory he has a relationship between coworkers and those above him ie boss vice president etc The people who are in charge of the chair production factory or those who own the factory have a more money than those who work on the production line b get to call the shots on work hours pay and what kind of work is done and therefore c have a perceived higher status and power than those below him In the eyes of Marx the relationship between the factory owner and Jim and his coworkers is an unequal relationship He defines these positions of power or lack there of as the 3of6 bourgeoisie those in power and the proletariat those under the bourgeoisie These two players according to Marx are in a constant battle He argues that those who are oppressed will eventually come to a realization of their oppression blame the bourgeoisie and overthrow them in a revolt Because of this Marx advocated communism Communism Marxism is simply a classless society where all shares are divided equally amongst players No revolts just peace In relation to the film there are many instances in which the bourgeoisie can have their power oppress the proletariat In the instance of the Dead Peasant Policy a story was presented about a woman who worked for a large company and ended up dying at a very young age due to respiratory failure In the process of the family s grieving period the company identifies their worker contract to the family that states that they took life insurance out on their employees In other words when employees die the company gets a check The check does not go to the families who are suffering have to pay for the funeral and continue living without the half of the relationship in which is bringing in the money for the household but it goes to the billion dollar company In conclusion those who are oppressed stay oppressed and the oppressor continues to win 2 Collective Society concience representation currents Moving to Durkheim his work and theories have stood the test of time Durkheim the founder of modern sociology proposed that there is a collective society with three parts The first part social current is the preliminary thought or exposure of the idea The second part collective conscious is when the idea gains a little bit of momentum in society and is accepted by few The third part collective representation is a final social agreement to the idea most accept it and there are tangible things you can point to in society that represent this idea For sake of example let s call attention to smoking on campus is unhealthy In the social current one board member of Ball State University Betsy 4of6 proposes the idea She says that some faculty that don t smoke have been disgusted by the fumes other students have said they did not want to attend a school in which they have to see cigarette butts all over the side walks and she even got a parent email saying her child was deathly allergic to smoke so she will not be attending BSU At the board meeting everyone realizes that this is a negative aspect of the university but that s about all that is thought about Next all the board members start hearing more and more negative things about smoking on campus It is affecting not only the lungs of students who are smoking but those who breathe the air around them It is counteracting all the health and wellness messages that classes and the media are telling them So in addition to Betsy John James Lindy and Danica are all on board the idea too There needs to be an end to smoking on campus These five board members meet together to form a Faculty Against Smoking club gain more members and have social activist ideas Finally after all the informative sessions that are given at the Scramble Light the fliers with the terrible stats are read by all the students and a proposal is given by Faculty Against Smoking club to the president of the University there is a tangible and concrete ban against smoking on campus This collective representation signifies that all faculty students and parents are for the idea and will follow through with the implications In the video this same concept formed through socialism and Barak Obama The social current was that capitalism and its repercussions may not be as great of a system as we thought The working class used to be okay with the system because they were always told that if they worked hard enough they could make as much money get as much power and gain as much status in their community as the CEO of their company However now they are starting to revolt they are starting to realize that the rich are the people who they do not dream to become any longer Once this idea struck a cord Obama spoke of Socialism similar to Marxism in which the gap is bridged between those with all and those with few Of course not everyone 50f6 was on board There were tons of people who marketed the idea as terrible false and something that would never work However those in the middle were all for the idea Finally the third stage has yet to emerge where everyone agrees that socialism is a good format for our society However hopefully some day everyone does collectively decide that one for all is far more appealing than all for one Crime purpose functions Durkheim argues functionalism in the context of crime Functionalism as a term states that social institutions exist and continue to exist because they serve a purpose or a function for our society Similarly he argues that crime serves a function in our society and that s why it continues to exist in a society Before this theory everyone else argued that crime is what makes a society bad However Durkheim believes that event in a society of saints crime will exist A society that has a normal level of crime is a healthy society In the film there is a brief discussion with Elizabeth Warren chair on the Congressional Oversight Panel on the Bailout She is asked where all of the people s money is going and she claims she has no idea Then there are news clips saying that the bourgeoisie are using money for this that and the other To my understanding it sounds like money is disappearing from the tax payer and being put into the CEO s pocket which would be considered a white collar crime In the eyes of the public and Michael Moore especially this crime does not serve any function besides pissing people off However if Durkheim analyzed this chunk of the movie he would say that this crime serves a function in society He may say something like this crime keeps the proletariat from being overly powerful with too much money keeps capitalism and the stark divide between socioeconomic status consistent and ongoing gives bankers jobs allows social movements to occur etc Concluding ideas Marx s approach and Durkheim s approach are very different When it comes to Marx explaining capitalism he thinks that it is wrong and takes the humanity out of 60f6 human nature It is one s duty as a human to create and utilize their unique skill set He also would argue that capitalism is a dialectic the idea stemmed from somewhere acts in the present and affects the future and will continue to cycle through Capitalism also provided a stark divide in humanity the haves and the have nots lf communism existed there would be a classless society and therefore a happier one as the oppressed would not have to constantly a be oppressed and b be thinking about ways to over throw the oppressor According to Durkheim he would argue that capitalism is functional It has worked our society and therefore will continue to work In comparison to Marx who says that the proletariat will overthrow the bourgeoisie because they know they are being oppressed Durkheim would suggest that even though capitalism does perpetuate a socioeconomic gap society will be happy when means are equal to wants So it is very possible that those in the proletariat are perfectly content with the amount of money that they make because their wants are satisfied Also Marx argues that the proletariat will rise above however according to his concept of social facts he argues that until a good portion of the society is on board with the idea is when it will allow for social change and therefore will be acceptable to study sociologically
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