Things You Need To Know E1P2
Things You Need To Know E1P2 Comm 1310
Popular in Fundamentals of Human Communication
Popular in Communication Studies
This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Ashleigh Notetaker on Sunday September 27, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to Comm 1310 at Texas State University taught by Anthony LaStrape in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 70 views. For similar materials see Fundamentals of Human Communication in Communication Studies at Texas State University.
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Date Created: 09/27/15
Fundamentals of Human Communication Part 2 of 2 o Haptics 0 Touch ethic an individual39s guidelines or standards in regards to what appropriate or inappropriate touch is 0 Culture bound 0 Most powerful form of nonverbal communication 0 The nature of nonverbal communication 0 Culture bound 0 Ambiguous Dif cult to interpret accurately because meanings vary by person 0 MultiChanneled We can39t pay attention to more than one nonverbal at once 0 Continuous 0 Rule governed o Nonverbal codes 0 Appearance KinesicsBody movement Eye contact Facial expressions Hapticstouch Vocalicsvoice Proxemicsenvironment space and territory Types of space Intimate space 0 to 15 ft 0 Personal space 15 to 4 ft 0 Social space 4 to 12 ft 0 Public space 12 ft or more Territorial markers 0 Putting backpack on chair when you leave class Signi es an area has been claimed 000000 0 Nonverbal cues o Interpret by looking for signs of lmmediacy Liking closeness Look for eye contact facial expressions posture proximity Arousal Interest excitement Look for eye contact proximity touch increased synchronymimicry Dominance Power status 0 Look for posture downward head tilt less eye contact space around them Fundamentals of Human Communication Part 2 of 2 0 Hearing v listening 0 0 Hearing physiological process of decoding sounds Listening making meaning 0 Stages of Listening 0 O O O 0 Selecting Decide what to listen to focus on one sound Attending Listen to it Understanding Make meaning Remembering Recall information Responding Confirm that you understand the message 0 Information processing rate 0 0 We can understand 6001200 words a minute Speakers average 125 words per minute 0 You have extra time use it to mentally summarize what the speaker is saying 0 Stop Look Listen 0 Stop gnore competing messages nterna noise Decenter step away from your own thoughts attempt to experience the thought of another 0 Look Watch nonverbal cues Look for meta messages communication about communication Communicate you interest nonverbally active listening 0 Listen Identify goal Mentally summarize Practice Work to overcome barriers Don t interrupt Active listening 0 Tvnes of listening 0 O O Relational Empathy caring helpful solution emotions Analytical No input unti other is done speaking Critical Looks for inconsistencies Taskoriented listener Fundamentals of Human Communication Part 2 of 2 How do we most affectiver accomplish this 0 Listening barriers o Selfbarriers Selffocus we re more important than them Emotional noise trigger words and topics Criticism too busy criticizing other to understand 0 Information processing barriers Processing rate you think faster than people talk Information overload Receiver apprehension fear of misunderstanding Attention shift multitasking Cultural differences 0 Context barriers Time Place Paraphrasing o Helps when you39re responding with empathy 0 Checks the accuracy of your understanding 0 Listening skills 0 Stop look listen to improve 0 Empathy v sympathy o Empathy feeling what another person feels o Sympathy acknowledging feelings 0 Cultural values 0 Decentralized v centralized power Leadership distributed among people v strongly organized o Individualism v collectivism Individual recognition v group 0 Uncertainty v certainty Tolerates ambiguity v rigid codes of conduct 0 Masculine v feminine perspectives Values achievement and heroism v relationships and peace 0 Long term v short term time orientation Future oriented v past and present oriented Communication orientations o Orientation the rst phase of group interaction members get used to one another and their task 0 Long term v short term time orientation 0 Cultural barriers 0 Some places put more emphasis on the listener than on the speaker Fundamentals of Human Communication Part 2 of 2 0 Stages of intercultural competence 0 From least to most competent Denial 0 There is only one real culture mine Defense 0 Mt culture is the best Always Minimization 0 There39s no difference in how people act Acceptance o I accept your differences Adaptation o Adapts behavior in response to differences lnteg ration 0 Moves freely in and out of your cultural mind set 0 Three approaches to communication 0 Masculine Getting things done emphasis on content 0 Feminine Expressive relationships 0 Androgynous Both masculine and feminine traits
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