Slide ID Flash Cards
Slide ID Flash Cards HER H101
Popular in Art History
Popular in Art History
This 8 page Study Guide was uploaded by Lifan Fan on Monday September 28, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to HER H101 at Indiana University Purdue University - Indianapolis taught by Jennifer Lee in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 128 views. For similar materials see Art History in Art History at Indiana University Purdue University - Indianapolis.
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Date Created: 09/28/15
Decorated Ocher Stick from Blombos Cave South Africa 77000 BCE First Evidence of art purely aesthetic value Discovered along with rocks w holes beads Most likely used for drawing on skin Incised marks on side Woman from Dolni V stonice 23000 BCE Fired clay Cracked Discovered alongside other cracked broken female statues Probably meant to explode in kiln Emphasized breasts hipsfertility Fertility sculpture Bird headed man with bison in LascauX Cave Oldest narrative image Bison has guts spilling out angrily attacking man Bison is more naturalistic than person Might be because they re different pictures might be because different styles are used for people and animals to differentiate them Newgrange chamber tomb Ireland c 30002500 BCE Entrance blocked by giant stone see also Newgrange Entrance Stone Sun hits the oor on the winter solstice Floor slopes up on the inside River stones The Uruk Vase c 33003000 BCE Alabaster Uses registers to portray hierarchy Ascending water ripples grasses hoofed animals people carrying baskets large person carry a basket high class official or ruler god receiving the offerings First to use hieratic scale First narrative relief Head of an Akkadian Ruler Nineveh c 23002200 BCE Copper alloy Akkadians invented ruler portraits One placed in every city to represent presence of ruler Forked beard style of Akkadian Ruler 1 12 life size First known instance of mutilation of political sculpture Eyes chiseled out cheeks nose attacked Stele of Hammurabi Susa c 17921750 BCE Diorite Hammurabi s Code in cuneiform underneath Visual reminder of laws Left Hammurabi Right sun god Shamash Head levels even speaking as equals Sun god is sitting and would be bigger if he stood up Palette of Narmer Early Dynastic Egypt c 2950 BCE Large scale version of a makeup palette Hieratic scale King spans earth and sky Other figures small Great Pyramids Pyramids of Menkaure Khafre and Khufu Giza Old Kingdom Egypt c 2575 2450 BCE 480 ft tallest Stone stripped from bottom for other buildings Shape of pyramid represents benbenquot stone a gift from the sun Shape also represent ramp to sun Rituals took place in temples by the pyramids Diorite statue of King Khafre Old Kingdom Egypt c 2520 BCE Ka statue where the spirit resides Solid stone gives visual impression of permanence Head cradled by falcon god Horus Uraeus protective snake on head Funerary Temple of Hatshepsut Deir ElBahri c 14731458 BCE New Kingdom Egypt Only female king Built by Senenmut Temple is bigger than tomb People are meant to come pay respects to her in the temple West Bank of Nile Domain of the Dead Axis aligned with winter solstice Akhenaten and His Family c 13531336 BCE Amarna Period Sunken Relief Probably in the home of a government official to show loyalty Ankh symbol of eternal life on sun rays extending to king and queen Children represent continuation of rule Funerary Mask of Tutankhamun c 13321322 BCE Son of Akhenaten 9 when he came to the throne Brought capital back to Thebes art back to original style and religion back to what it was before Tomb was lost and untouched by tomb raiders Girl Gathering Safron Flowers from Akrotiri Thera c 1630 BCE Minoan Saffron stamens are hard to gather Girl on the brink of womanhood because she has stubbly hair with small ponytail girls have shaved heads women have long hair Clothes show she is Minoan upperclass Octopus Flask c 15001450 BCE Minoan Marine Style Works with shape of vase to suggest movement of octopus Good use of positive and negative space Ceramic Vapheio Cup gold c 16501450 BCE Gold Found in Mycenaean Tomb but made by Minoans Lion Gate Mycenae c 1250 BCE Sculpture within relieving triangle of corbeled arch First example of monumental stone sculpture on Greek mainland Tholos called Treasury of Atreus Mycenae c 13001200 BCE See also interior of Treasury of Atreus Corbled vault Cone shaped Largest uninterrupted interior space in the world until the Pantheon quot r1 4 V a s I H y A 9 v iguana0quot I Funerary Krater from the Dipylon Cemetery c 750700 BCE Greek Geometric Period Krater vessel wide at top for mixing wine Served as grave marker Open at bottom to let wine ow through Geometric registers Humans simplified to geometric shapes Very little differentiating man and woman Exekias Amphora with Achilles and Ajax Playing a Game c 540530 BCE Greek Archaic Black figure black slip glaze applied and scraped away to make negative space to outline figures Achilles and Ajax speaking numbers Good composition heads at widest part of vessel Gaze spears and fingers direct focus to game board Narrative painting Signed by Exekias highly regarded black figure painter in Greece Euphronios painter and Euxitheos potter Death of Sarpedon c 515 BCE Greek Archaic Overlap and twist of bodies introduce more naturalism Red figure black slip painted with brush Black slip diluted for brown midtones Found in Etruscan Italian tomb because Italians really liked Greek art and bought a lot of it Anavysos Kouros c 530 BCE Greek Archaic Period Grave marker for Kroisos who died in battle Archaic smile not actually a smile just added to make it seem more lifelike Pose has in uence from Egyptians but more naturalistic and free from excess stone back pillar Kritios Boy c 480 BCE Greek Early Classical Not actually by Kritos Early example of contrapposto counterbalanced More weight on one leg uneven hips and shoulders S curve to back More naturalistic Riace Warrior A bronze c 460 Greek Classical High Classical One of few Greek originals because bronze was often recycled Chiastic motion addition to contrapposto used to be holding a javelin Very high quality casting with details Onyx eyes silver teeth copper nipples The Parthenon c 447432 BCE and The Object Speaksquot High Classical Architects Iktinos and Kallikrates Sculptor Pheidias Statue of Athena in the Parthenon No straight lines Slightly bowed upward and columns inward to account for spatial distortion Athenian civic identity Doric outside ionic Inside Acropolis of Athens Built using Dylian league treasury Nike of Samothrace c 180 BCE Hellenistic Originally on boat on island of Samothrace Goddess of Victory Very fine marble light shines through stone on wings Aphrodite of Melos Venus de Milo Hellenistic c 150100 BCE Hellenistic Partially draped gazing forward Very erotic possibly inviting Originally might have been admiring herself in Ares Mars shield Seated Boxer c 10050 BCE Hellenistic Exploring the wider range of human emotion experience Depicts the losing boxer a middle aged man at the end of his career Upward gaze puts the Viewer in the position of the Victor
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