Studyguide public health.pdf
Studyguide public health.pdf 54158, Introduction to Public and Community Health
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This 7 page Study Guide was uploaded by ayla on Monday September 28, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to 54158, Introduction to Public and Community Health at University of New Mexico taught by Angelica K. Boyle in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 81 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Public and Community Health in Nursing and Health Sciences at University of New Mexico.
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Date Created: 09/28/15
Family and Medical Leave Act FMLA family planning fetal alcohol syndrome FAS gag rule lowbirthweight infant maternal infant and child health prenatal health care prochoice prolife 10 Roe V Wade 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 sudden infant death syndrome SIDS Title X affects of unintended pregnancies american academy of pediatrics approx 12 of pregnancies before contraception breastfeeding child childhood morbidity federal law that provides up to a 12week unpaid leave to men and women after the birth of a child an adoption or an event of illness in the immediate family determining the preferred number and spacing of children and choosing the appropriate means to accomplish it a group of abnormalities that may include growth retardation abnormal appearance of face and head and de cits of central nervous system function including mental retardation in babies born to mothers who have consumed heavy amounts of alcohol during their pregnancies regulations that barred physicians and nurses in clinics receiving federal funds from counseling clients about abortions one that weighs less than 2500 grams or 55 pounds at birth the health of women of childbearing age and that of the child through adolescence medical care provided to a pregnant woman from the time of conception until the birth process occurs a medicalethical position that holds that women have a right to reproductive freedom a medicalethical position that holds that performing an abortion is an act of murder a 1973 Supreme Court decision that made it unconstitutional for state laws to prohibit abortions sudden unanticipated death of an infant in whom after examination there is no recognized cause of death a portion of the Public Health Service Act of 1970 that provides funds for family planning services for lowincome people delayed entry into prenatal care inadequate weight gain cigarettes and other drugs happiness independent pediatric forum to address children39s needs are unintended and 40 percent end in abortion STD testing nancial and family planning not alcohol or drugs prenatal vitamins folic acid recommended but not as popular in the US as other countries because we do not get paid days off with the baby only 12 unpaid weeks 1 to 14 years old children suffer from illnesses diseases and disabilities 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 childhood mortality children39s defense fund cigarette smoking comstock laws during postpartum during pregnancy happiness infant infant mortality intended pregnancies low birth weight Margaret Sanger maternal maternal and child health bureau maternal infant and child health death of a child leading cause of death is unintentional injuries cancer and homicide network of family community govt support for children is so tight that no child can fall through the cracks leading cause to LBW during maternal stage conservative laws that prevent against sexual or profane materials seX was not talked about breast feeding helps to reduce bleeding and build a bond and nutrients vaccines for baby and regular checkups baby sleep on back to prevent SIDS safe and social environment exercise no alcohol or other drugs stress relief knowing changes in diet impacts the quality of life 9210 who were pregnant and want to be 4210 who were pregnant and didn39t want to be birth to 1 year old death of an infant under 1 year old can be modi ed by behaviors lifestyles etc increased to 56 percent and will have better outcomes nancially less than 55 pounds and number one cause of infant mortality nurse that worked with many immigrants that did not use contraception had many children and were poor women of childbearing age postpuberty to menopause responsible for promoting and improving health of our nations mothers and children at a federal level ensure access to quality health care reduce infant mortality etc health of women of childbearing age from prepregnancy through pregnancy labor delivery and postpartum period 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 mothers under 20 compared to mothers over 20 national birth control league oral contraception planned parenthood federation of america in 1942 premature births prochoice prolife race and prenatal care roe V wade SIDS teens who become pregnant 13 teenage girls 4 most important demographic variables for adolescents amp young adults 5 behaviors attributed to unintentional injuries do not have rst trimester care smoke during pregnancy preterm birth low birthweight founded bt margaret sanger and teaches women about contraception methods gets arrested was invented in the 1960s largest voluntary health reproductive organization in the world with over 900 clinics babies born prior to 37 weeks and need neonatal intensive care risen since 1980 but recently it has been leveling off in 2008 women have the right to reproductive freedom life starts at conception and abortion is like murder all other races other than whites do not receive prenatal care due to isolation supreme court case that made abortion legal access is different in every state because of how law is interpreted still very debatable topic don39t know cause of it and put babies on their back while sleeping more likely to drop out of high school divorce get pregnant again low income jobs rely on public assistance get pregnant before age 20 generally unwanted of young people living arrangements employment status access to health care seat belt use bicycle helmet use motorcycle helmet use riding with drunk person driving drunk age of adolescents and young 1024 years aduhs age of adults 2564 years appropriate community health sports teams recess more active learning in activities for adolescents appropriate community health activities for adults 2544 school parental education after school activities adult recreation leagues more community events 5Ks tough mudder cross t good employee health programs 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 appropriate community health activities for adults 4564 appropriate community health activities for young adults behaviors that contribute to violence best single behavior change to reduce morbidity and mortality Data sources for college students death rate trends among adols and young adults employment status of adoles and young adults example of a protective factor gender trends in mortality rates health behaviors amp lifestyle of adults high blood pressure highest COD for blacks highest COD for hispanics highest COD for Whites how many adults consume alcohol on a regular basis how many deaths is smoking responsible for how many americans smoke how many HS students are obeseoverweight cancer screenings learning what healthy is promoting exercise stress management carrying a weapon engaging in physical ght engaging in dating violence being forced to have seX engaging in bullying engaging in suicide attempts is to stop smoking national college of health assessment 11 NCHA 11 Monitoring the Future has declined due to advances in medicine injury amp disease prevention and behavior change restaurant retail life guard school connectednessengagement males have higher than females highest in blacks amp american indians lowest in paci c islandersasians smoking sedentary lifestyle body comp alcohol consumption systolic more than 140 diastolic more than 90 found in 13 adults heart disease amp HIV unintentional injuries unintentional injuries amp diabetes 5 1 30 deaths 15 smoke 14 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 how many HS students have had sex how many HS students have used marijuana how many HS students smoke whats the trend how many kids 13 and younger have drank alcohol how many US adults have diabetes how much does the adult age group 2564 represent the population impacts of living with single parent leading cancer cause of death for men amp women leading causes of death for adults leading causes of death for ages 1524 leading causes of morbidity life expectancy of todays youth living arrangements of adols and young adults number of adolesc and young adults of adults that were obese in 2009 personal injury areas of concern prevalent cancers for men 12 15 15 smoke it has decreased since 1997 US children 83 more than half of the US population and its expected to remain stable economic disadvantages and negative impact on emotional cognitive and social well being lung cancer and trend is expected to grow from preventable conditions associated with many lifestyle improvements cancer HD unintentional injuries suicide homicide HIV Unintentional injuries car crashes homicides suicides cancer and heart disease and congenital anomalies measles STDs and HIV 25 contributed from youth shorter than their parents due to obesity live with parents and it gets complicated as you get older 14 of population this has increased and will continue to racialethnic makeup will become more diverse 33 no gender differences both related to operation of a motor vehicle wearing seat belts this has increased operation of vehicle after drinking prostate colorectal lung 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 prevalent cancers for women s of breast cancer trend of adoles and young adults in work force trend of alcohol use trend of homicide amp suicide trend of obesity two factors to focus on when dealing with health problems of adolescents amp young adults vehicle mortality trend for gender amp race what are established during this time what are protective factors what cholesterol is associated with low risk of coronary HD what did CDC initiate to better track health behaviors what does the NCHA examine what does YRBSS survey breast lung colorectal 2X higher than lung has stayed constant 13 of labor force blacks are more unemployed has remained stable over the past 10 years but number of students consuming alcohol has decreased binge drinking is on the rise has increased the epidemic increased and is now leveling out social and cultural factors community organizing males have higher and white males have higher than black males lifestyles are established amp shaped individual or environmental characteristics conditions or behaviors that reduce the effects of stressful life events increase ability to to avoid risks or potential hazards promote social amp emotional competence 200 mgdL or lower Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System YRBSS a wide range of behaviors alcohol tobacco and other drug use sexual health weight nutrition and exercise mental health personal safety and violence behaviors that contribute to unintentional injuries amp violence tobacco use alcohol amp other drug use sexual risk behaviors unhealthy dietary behaviors physical inactivity 101 What is 1 COD for adults 4564 Whats the trend 102 What is a common cause of unintentional injuries in college 103 What is a primary way we measure obesity 104 What is it called When lifestyles are established amp shaped for the rest of your life 105 What is National College Health Assessment NCHA 106 What is one of the most Widespread highrisk health behaviors of adol amp young adults 107 What is prevalent among college students 108 What is YRBSS 109 What of students have tried alcohol 110 What39s a rising concern among this age group 1 1 1 112 When do most cases of gonorrhea occur 113 Where do physical threats stem from 114 Why is this population important to society 115 young adults relationship to healthcare What should adult blood pressure be cancer ageadjusted cancer rates have been stable but crude cancer rate has jumped alcohol use body mass index 30 or more is obese life course approach a national nonpro t research effort organized by American College Health Association tobacco use sexual assault a national survey used for high school youth 805 misuse and abuse of prescription drugs and lack of physical activity less than 12080 mmHg 60 occur in adults younger than 25 from behavior and environment they represent the future of our nation less access to it and use the ER more often
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