Religion and Culture Handout
Religion and Culture Handout HIST 202 - 01
Popular in World History since 1700
Popular in History
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This 6 page Study Guide was uploaded by Megan5294 on Tuesday September 29, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to HIST 202 - 01 at University of Indianapolis taught by Emily Grayce Miller in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see World History since 1700 in History at University of Indianapolis.
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Date Created: 09/29/15
Characteristics of Christianity Characteristics of Islam Middle Eastern North Africa Monotheistic Pray Tithe10 Monotheistic Pray 5timesa day Mosqueworship Abrahamicfollows path ofAbraham and Sarah Abrahamicfollows path ofAbraham and Hagar ProphetsJesus Moses Main HolyTimesChristmas and Easter ProphetMuhammad 12 Disciples Holy CityJerusalem Quranholytextwith chaptersurasandversesArabic God 10 Commandments Calendarbased on AH Bibleholy text with chapters and verses Al lahword for God Calendar based on AD Hijrah Muhammad flees Mecca for Media Place of Worshipchurch cathedral Pillars of Faith 1The Shahada Testimony Declaration of faith 2 The Give a testimony offaith when accepting Christ Salat mandatory prayer dawn noon late afternoon sunset before going ProphetsAdamNoahAbrahamMosesJesus to bed wash before pray face Mecca and use a prayerrug Prayerby the Muezzin in the Minaret Pray in Mosque on Friday 3 The Zakat Al msgiving 25 ofincome charitable donation 4 The Sawm Ramadan fasting duringthe holy month no eating ordrinkingfrom sunrise to sunset Selfpurification 5 The Hajj pilgrimage to Mecca done once during Lifetime hajji added to name after pilgrimage 4 wives No Alcohol or Pork gambling Shariabody oflslamiclaw to regulate dailyliving Holiest cities Mecca Medina Jerusalem Peoples ofthe Book non Muslims allowed religiousfreedom but paid taxes JihadquotHoly War against pagans and other nonbelievers Compare the Two Religions They are both monotheisticbeliefin one god Pray is important Abraham is the link between the two religions Both have a holy text Both have a calendar based on religion Both started with Abraham Have basic rulesfor religion Both shareJerusalem asa Holy City Contrast the Two Religions Even though they are monotheistic their gods have different namesAllah vs God In Christianity prayisn t mandatory but encouraged while Muslims should pray 5xs a day Both give money to the poor and church call it different almsgiving25 vs tithe 10 Places of worship are different Church vs Mosque Even though they started with Abraham the women were different Sarah vs Hagar ProphetsJesus amp Moses vs Mohammad Islam takes a trip to Mecca once in a lifetime Christianity does not demand a trip to the home land 10 Commandments vs 5 Pillars Christianity1wife Islamupto 4 wives Islam practice religion 247 365 while in Christianity it is dominate around Christmas and Easter Characteristics of Christianity Characteristics of ConfucianismChina Same as above plus Became a teacherand editor of books TempleWorship Honor thy fatherand mother Born in the feudal state of Liu Christian rituals Principles Li rite rules rituals decorum Ren Humanness benevolence Golden Rule humanity Shu Reciprocity Empathy Yi righteousness Xiao Filial Piety Sermon on the Mount and the Beatitudes Respectelders 12 Disciples Principle Relationships 1 RulerSubject 2 FatherSon 3 HusbandWife 4 OlderBrotherYoungerBrother 5 OlderFriendYounger Friend Organizing Principles Status Age Gender Analects GuidingText not holy Life story written on stone Mencius Disciple Compare the Two Religions Treat those as you would want to be treated Both honorelders Places to reflectpractice Both have something written on stone Textthat guide Both have types of principle relationships Christianity is more olderand wise teach the youngerand more naive Contrast the Two Religions Both have stones but Christianity is holy while Confucianism is a biography Ch ristianity 12 Disciples Confusion1 Disciple Ch ristianity 10 Commandments on stone Confusion Life story on stone Confusion text is not holy unlike Christianity Characteristics of Christianity Characteristics of Legal ism China Same as above 2 plus Han Feinotdivine The punishing hand of God as seen in the Old Testament Became political philosophy Principles 1 Humans are shellfish 2 Intellectualism and literacy is discouraged 3 Law is the supreme authority and replaces morality 4 The ruler must rule with a strong punishing hand 5 War is the means of strengtheninga ruler s power Compare the Two Religions Both have a central figure Both have rules that guide Both religions are meantto be used outside ofworship Both have serverpunishments if rules are broken orunfollowed Contrast the Two Religions Legalism became a political philosophy Legalism is centered on a rulerwhile Christianity is centered on God Christianity has a divine leaderwhile Legalism does not Christianity does notencourage warwhile Legalism does Characteristics of Christianity Characteristics of Daoism orTaoism Same as above 3 plus Lao Zi Yin ampYang Genesis and creation of Heaven and Earth May have been a Confucius teacher Good versus Evil Basic Text The Dao De Jing Major Principles 1 Dao Tao the firstcause ofthe universe force that flows through all life 2 Believer s goal is to become one with Dao with nature 3 Wu wei go with nature do nothing go with the flow 4 Man is unhappy because he lives according to manmade laws customs amp traditions quotDaoquot 1 Rejectingformal knowledge and learning 2 Relying on senses and intuition 3 Discoveringthe nature ofthe universe 4 Ignoring political and social laws Freedom forindividuals and less govt to avoid uniformity and conformity Compare the Two Religions Peace and harmony Havea text Both believe in a balance in the work ChristianityGood vs Evil Daoism Yin ampYang Both believe thatifman were to follow one set of rules there wouldn t be unhappiness Both believe that onlytheirlaws should be followed Contrast the Two Religions Daoism has loose rules more about letting life happen Christianity s text is holy Daoism isjust basic rules Christianity has prophets Daoism does not have a designated place of worship Characteristics of Christianity Characteristics of Shintoism Same as above 4 Polytheism Great Creator Minimize sinampGuilt AncestorWorship HyperNationalism The World ofthe Kami Torii Gate Torii Gong TemplequotWorshipHallquot Hot Sand Bath 8 man Chorus ChanoyuTea Ceremony Special tea houses Origami Writing style Calligraphy Haiku 17 syllable poem Zen Garden Ikebana Flowerarranging TallestHeaven Middle Man SmallestEarth Bonzai Method of Meditation Simplicity Compare the Two Religions Polytheistic Both believe in a creator Believe in Sin and the guilt it has on people Both have a place ofworship Both believe in living with basic necessities Simplistic lifestyle Contrast the Two Religions Shintoism practices tea ceremonies Shintoism also practices Origami Both have ways in which they speakwith theircreators Ch ristianity Prayer Shintoism Meditation
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