Music 127: Exam 1
Music 127: Exam 1 127
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This 6 page Study Guide was uploaded by ROBIN on Thursday March 17, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to 127 at University of Illinois at Chicago taught by Elbio Barilari in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 45 views. For similar materials see in Music at University of Illinois at Chicago.
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I'm pretty sure these materials are like the Rosetta Stone of note taking. Thanks ROBIN!!!
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Date Created: 03/17/16
Study Guide Human Population started in Asia about 40,000 years ago AsiaNorth America Siberia and Beringia (Connected) Quechuas perform rituals to a god/goddess to ask for lots of seafood and fish. Pentatonic: “penta” = 5 “tonic”= tone it is a musical scale that has 5 notes Native American Music runs on the pentatonic 95% of the time. Family of instruments: Native American did NOT have string instruments Pao Wow it is a Native American gathering where people join to dance, sing, etc Chayag = Peru project. YouTube search: Chayag “gate of death” (Aya Pungo) (Puerto de la Muerte) Quena:aka Kena is the traditional flute of the Andes, made of totora, has 6 holes. Sikus:a traditional Andean panpipe Andean Music, wind instrument Pinkillu:.quechua or aymara is a flute also used in the Andes around Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Ecuador, and Peru. It's played with one hand while the other hand is focus on the drum. It is about 1 meter long. Bigger than Quena in comparison. Mestizo: mix of a spaniard and Indian French Guina: it sits on top of Brazil, last right corner. There are three small countries there. Left to right: Guyana, Cayene and French Guina In the traditional Quechua you do not mix instruments of families, Inca Empire mostly Ecuador Wind family: Quena, Sikus, and pinkillu PERCUSSION: Big base drum BOMBO, or Caja Redolante Onomatopoeia: the formation of a word from a sound associated with that is name PERCUSSION: JUMJUM African American Drum Tarik and BOMBO BOMBO,pinkillu, Moseno, Sikus, Tarka Moseno and Mosenada Aymara people Andes Mountain Range Andean Region you have 6 COUNTRIES 1. BOLIVIA, PERU, ECUADOR, HALFWAY OF CHILE, SOUTH COLUMBIA, AND NORTH OF ARGENTINA Mexico Mayan empire 869 AD Mayans did have a complete system of writing SideNote: Medevil era, Knights, castle, world power was China Mayan had a civilization, thus had multiple kingdoms Uruguay: “River of the painted colors” guay: water Paraguay: “River of the snails” Mayan’s created the concept of 0. 0 is a very important, the concept itself may have also originated around the same time elsewhere such as Arabs, Persians, Indians. Incas Vs Mayans Highly Centralize, Independent towns, small states One emperor rules everyone had 37 different kingdoms Mayan Civilization 2000 years ago, 200 BC. Started in Central America, south of Mexico, part of Guatemala, Started to move up to UKATAN 78 Inca Empire (Andean region) (peru, part of chile, ecuador, bolivia , south of colombia, North of Argentina) Language: quechua Hulcababan Location: Machu picchu Last capital of the inca empire Scale: Pentatonic Wind Instrument: Sikus (sikureada : party) flute, (blow on it , has several sticks, ecuadorians use this) Quena: simple (flute) with 6 holes Pinkillo (pikillearda) (a bigger flute) tarka (flute) moseno (huge fflute) Percussion Bombo “caja” (Base drum) Redoblante (snare drum) String instrument charango (small guitar) Gods: Viracocha (sun) Pachamama (Mother earth) Women (dance) do not play instrument Government: Town council (Highly centralized politically) Mayan Empire: Central america and Mexico Civilization: 4000 (2000 B.C) Invented: The concept of “0” writing system Astronomy pyramids Language: Mayan Religion: Polytists “many gods” Gods: Culcucan: Snake with feathers Percussion: Marimba (mother): “xylophone” Wind instrument: Hom pax (trompeta maya) “big tube” , made from a stem of a cactus (use both) Conch shell atecolli (mayan and Incas) Government: Small states with one king , not centralized Teotilhuacan and Tikal Aztecs: Central mexico Tenochtitlana catedral was built on top of the temples Government: Landlords , land for the community , highly centralized Montezuma was the king at that time (15th) Hernan cortez the spaniard supposedly kill montezuma or the people of the aztecs, the fall of the aztecs They cut water and food supply and brought a lot of disease Wind instrument (nature sounds) conches : shell boles Huey acatl (Big flute) Percussion palos de lluvia Guarami was the language spoke , also nahuatl Spain String guitar baroca Vihuela Flamenco:anda lucia Melismatic singing Forms of guitar sitar pipa Wine producer Islamic spain Alhambra granada “the red one” Religious music ,castle music Middle Eastern (Arab): string instrument OUD (guitars) Lute Africa percussion (drums) Djembe JUMJUM Cuba Percussion congas (drums) bongo (drums) clave (two sticks) timbales (two drums) String laud Afrocuban early 1700’s Rumba (conga, bongo, timbales) Chachacha no clave cowbell Claves (rhythmic patterns) claveafrica Martillo pattern of bongo CongasTumbao Timbalescascara Salsa (genre) Rumba ( spanish/aymara singing very antiqure) cha cha cha mambo (man scream) guajira (carlos santana) , cowbell and trumpet sonclave : zum zum bolero (old remantic music)
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