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by: Ellsworth Hagenes


Ellsworth Hagenes
GPA 3.94

Eddy Cuisinier

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Eddy Cuisinier
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This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Ellsworth Hagenes on Wednesday September 30, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to FREN 101 at Western Kentucky University taught by Eddy Cuisinier in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 32 views. For similar materials see /class/216696/fren-101-western-kentucky-university in French at Western Kentucky University.




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Date Created: 09/30/15
FR 101 Study guide Chapitre 4 Parler de nos habitudes Le pr sent The present tense in the indicative mood is used to talk about what we do regularly EX J tudie tous les jours Ils font leurs devoirs toutes les semaines Nous jouons rarement du piano ER verbs are conjugated following a pattern refer to chapter 3 However that is not the case for verbs like faire croire tre avoir Some verbs can have 2 different stems Hera are some examples One stem for the singular form and another one for the plural form Tu dors Vous dormez dort dorment One stem for the singular and third person plural form and another one for nous and vous J ach te Nous achetons One stem for the singular forms a different one for nous and vous and a different one for ilselles boi buv boiv boivent Some verbs like tre or avoir have are totally irregular and do not have any specific stems This is also the case for ALLER Vous allez vont Les verbes r flexifspronominaux Certain French verbs in French are known as re exive It means that they are preceded by a pronoun me te se nous vous se that matches the subject Se is the form used for the in nitive With re exive verbs one can consider that the action is done on the subject Ex Je me reveille a 7 heures Who is getting up 7 Je Therefore me refers to Je Helene se brose les dents Whose teeth is Helene brushing 7 Hers Therefore se refers to Helene Here is an example of a conjugated re exive verb Se u te se se The negation 7 be it nepas or nejamais 7 are placed in the following way Ex Le mardi Marion ne fait pas de l exercice Karim ne fait jamais ses devoirs La negation nejamais In French the principle for any negative structures is identical Thus nejamais will be placed around the conjugated verb like nepas Ex Lilian ne travaille jamais le dimanche Sonia ne bois jamais de lait When speaking informally ie orally you can omit the ne Ex Je 0 regarde jamais la television le matin Jamais can also be used on its own Ex Vous sortez souvent le samedi soir Jamais La Fr guence The adverbs toujours souvent quelquefois rarement and une fois par semaine indicates the frequency of an action They are generally used after the conjugated verb Ex Thibault et Sarah mangent souvent du poisson le vendredi Mon fait rarement de l exercice These adverbs can be used on their own to answer a question Ex Estce que vous mangez a la cafeteria Souvent Here are the adverbs in order of intensity toujours souvent quelquefois rarement jamals Les expressions de temps These include the days of the week lundi mardi mercredi jeudi vendredi samedi dimanche and moments of the day such as le matin l apres midi and le soir A singular definite article in front of a day of the week indicates a habit an action performed regularly Ex Le lundi les etudiants vont en cours de francais Tu manges des cereales le matin Instead of using le jeudi le s0ir we can also use tous les jeudis tous les soirs La guantit 0 Pen and beaucoup Pen and beaucoup are adverbs of quantity When they are placed after the verb they add information to its meaning peu indicates a small quantity and beaucoup a large one EX Tu manges peu tu n as pas faim Si j ai terriblement faim mais je suis au regime Tu as l air en forme Oui je fais beaucoup d exercice When they are followed by a noun the preposition de has to be added EX Le poisson est un aliment sain qui contient peu de graisses o Trop and pas assez Trop and pas assez are also adverbs of quantity but they express a subjective point of view If you use these adverbs you are indicating that a quantity is excessive trop or insufficient pas assez EX J etudie le francais 15 minutes par jour C est pas assez Il mange 7 fois parjour c est trop When they are followed by a noun the preposition de has to be added EX Julie boit 5 cafes parjour C est trop de cafe 0 Plus and moins Plus and moins are adverbs of quantity that establish a comparison EX Marc fume 40 cigarettes par jour Il faut fumer moins When Plus and moins are followed by a noun the preposition de has to be added EX Yves mange des spaghetti tous les jours Il faut manger plus de legumes vegetables Poser une question Est ce que To ask a question in which the answer is oui or non you use the interrogative form est ce que EX Est ce que vous passer souvent des examens Oui toutes les semaines Est ce que vous vous disputez avec votre famille Non rarement When speaking informally ie orally the question can be asked using a rising intonation and no interrogative form EX Vous travaillez plus de 10 heures par jour Oui tous les jours Vous tes toujours de bonne humeur Non jamais Ouia non si When a question introduced by est ce que or a rising intonation holds a negation the answer is si if you mean to say oui EX Vous ne faites jamais de l exercice Si je vais au gymnase 3 fois par semaine When the question contains a negation and you want to con rm the information the answer is non EX Vous n etes pas suisse Non je suis francais Donner un conseil et faire des recommendations There are several ways to give advice in French 0 Le verbe devoir The verb devoir followed by an in nitive indicates that an action is necessary or compulsory EX Ibrahim doit faire ses devoirs Je dois faire les courses au 0 Il faut il est important de il est n cessaire de 11 faut il est important de and il est n cessaire de are impersonal structure This means that the subject pronoun il does not refer to a concrete person It is strictly considered a grammatical subject I faut il est important de and il est n cessaire de followed by an in nitive indicates that an action is necessary or compulsory EX Pour avoir de bonnes notes en classe il est n cessaire d etudier tous les soirs Pour ne pas etre stresse il faut vivre dans un environnement calme L imp ratif The imperative is a mode that allows you to give orders commands or to make recommendations EX Faites de l exercice Buvez du cafe The imperative only have 3 forms tu nous and vous uses the forms from the present tense and does not use subject pronouns Dormons Buvez Note that the S disappears in the tu form of ER verbs EX Va en cours et travaille tous les jours Pronominalre exive verbs are not the same in the af rmative and in the negative forms In the af rmative form a stressed pronoun is used after the verb Af rmative I Negative I I Se lever I Levetoi I Ne te leve pas I I S amuser I AmusezVous I Ne vous amusez pas I Etre and avoir have irregular forms in the imperative You will have to learn them by heart I Etre I Sois patient I Soyons serieuX I Soyez sympathiques I I Avoir I N aie pas peur I N ayons pas peur I Ayez l air aimable I


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