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Exam study guide (Exam 2) for Soc200/Social Theory

by: Kristena Notetaker

Exam study guide (Exam 2) for Soc200/Social Theory 200

Marketplace > University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign > Sociology > 200 > Exam study guide Exam 2 for Soc200 Social Theory
Kristena Notetaker
GPA 3.6

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This exam covered theories proposed by Durkheim: Organic and Mechanical solidarity, Altruistic and Egoistic suicide, Traditional Authority, Anomie and Anomic suicide Moral Code Morality
Social Theory (SOC200)
Study Guide
durkheim, solidarity, mechanical solidarity, organic solidarity, anomie, moral code, altruistic suicide, egoistic suicide, sociology, Theory
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This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Kristena Notetaker on Friday March 18, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to 200 at University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign taught by McDermot in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 23 views. For similar materials see Social Theory (SOC200) in Sociology at University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.


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Date Created: 03/18/16
Traditional authority: Ability to issue commands based on long­held beliefs   Egoistic suicide: Suicide as a result of too little integration (too little  integration/interaction with society and others) Altruistic suicide: Suicide as a result of too much integration (relying too much  on others, being too involved with society to the point  where you forget about yourself as an important person  to care for and nurture) Insufficient individuation is  happening here. The collective has become so dominant  over the individual, that the individual has no identity for him or herself.   Altruistic suicide (Examples): ­Women who kill themselves after their husbands die are an  example of  ­People who are willing to take their life for a group of people or  someone else, or giving up their life for a cause or a religion. Altruistic suicide (quote to help explain): "Where the ego is not its own property, where it is blended with  something not itself; the goal of conduct is exterior to itself.  Anomie: State of normlessness in a society / no rules; there is social  instability and alienation experienced by a person or class as a  result of lack of values, standards, or rules. The meaning of life  changes because things in which the individual relies on are no  longer needed; people may also have too much freedom or no  norms in the society, and therefore do not know how to live.  (Communist societies, rich people) Anomic suicide: Suicide that results from a lack of regulation, and caused by  transformation of either the government or society.  The change  that occurs causes this type of suicide.  Anomic suicides (example):  After a war, suicides go up. This is because during the war,  everyone becomes more integrated and connected with one another and their community. After the war is over, the integration  decreases and the society experiences anomie. Egoism: The individual separate from society  Egoistic suicide:  When this type of suicide takes place, the person is not integrated  enough in society and lacks this integration greatly. Example:  When someone is too individualistic and displays egoism, it  influences the person to kill him or herself. The person does not  have a connectedness with a social group, or may not have kinship  with others or personal duties, such as taking care of kids. It is  easier for the person to leave society. Egoistic suicide (quote to help understand): “Egoism is the state of ego living its own life and obeying itself  alone.”  Durkheim says Protestants kill themselves more than Catholics  because Catholics are more united with one another and integrated  into a social group. Protestants are more individualistic  (working hard, going to public schools, not having down time).  Catholics are more connected with one another and any  religion in general makes people feel connected to their  community and to one another. This makes it less likely for  them to commit egoistic suicide.  Durkheim says suicide is not dependent on the individual, but  influenced by society. There is something beyond the  individual that is causing them to commit suicide. Women kill themselves less than men due to having strong kin­ ships with one another because they are taught to be  connected with one another, while men are taught to be  more individual.  Suicide varies upon the degree of integration one has with  society. Why do States with lower populations, such as Wyoming and  Alaska, have the highest rates of suicide?  Lower populations have less social networks and there is more  individuality and the ability for rejection and  exploitation. More importantly, these States are not  Catholic!! As Durkheim proposed, Catholics have low  suicide rates.  The integrated society helps people from killing themselves  because people have shared beliefs that control their  actions as a result of the influences of society. Why do higher rates of populations, such as New York and  New Jersey, have the lowest rates of suicide?  Higher populations have dense social networks that cause a  connectedness with others and the society. Most  importantly, these States are Catholic!! As Durkheim  proposed, Catholics have low suicide rates.   An agreed upon morality in a society helps to keep society in­ line and organized.  Durkheim says to keep society organized and from collapsing,  there needs to be a moral code. As society becomes more complex, there is more of a need for  specialization, so society gradually turns into an organic  solidarity.  The collective conscious is a norm in society.  Durkheim says dependence on others in a society constrains  our true liberty. ­The morality of others influences and  regulates our behavior because it constrains our true  liberty, and not having total free­will but being tightly  connected with others balances our behavior.  Solidarity: Societal integration and people grouping together or unifying  with one another.   Organic solidarity: Societal integration based on an interdependent,  complementary function of units.  Mechanical solidarity: ­The leader controls society and all parts, and societal  integration is codependent and functions co­dependently  ­In this type of solidarity, the government serves to direct  people by passing and enforcing laws and moderating the  society. On the other hand, the people and organizations  of the society are needed to maintain its function. Example of Mechanical Solidarity:  It can be shown as Chief ­­­other segments/followers. The  chief is at the top of the chain/societal organization. 


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