Exam study guide (Exam 2) for Soc200/Social Theory
Exam study guide (Exam 2) for Soc200/Social Theory 200
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This 5 page Study Guide was uploaded by Kristena Notetaker on Friday March 18, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to 200 at University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign taught by McDermot in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 23 views. For similar materials see Social Theory (SOC200) in Sociology at University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
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Date Created: 03/18/16
Traditional authority: Ability to issue commands based on longheld beliefs Egoistic suicide: Suicide as a result of too little integration (too little integration/interaction with society and others) Altruistic suicide: Suicide as a result of too much integration (relying too much on others, being too involved with society to the point where you forget about yourself as an important person to care for and nurture) Insufficient individuation is happening here. The collective has become so dominant over the individual, that the individual has no identity for him or herself. Altruistic suicide (Examples): Women who kill themselves after their husbands die are an example of People who are willing to take their life for a group of people or someone else, or giving up their life for a cause or a religion. Altruistic suicide (quote to help explain): "Where the ego is not its own property, where it is blended with something not itself; the goal of conduct is exterior to itself. Anomie: State of normlessness in a society / no rules; there is social instability and alienation experienced by a person or class as a result of lack of values, standards, or rules. The meaning of life changes because things in which the individual relies on are no longer needed; people may also have too much freedom or no norms in the society, and therefore do not know how to live. (Communist societies, rich people) Anomic suicide: Suicide that results from a lack of regulation, and caused by transformation of either the government or society. The change that occurs causes this type of suicide. Anomic suicides (example): After a war, suicides go up. This is because during the war, everyone becomes more integrated and connected with one another and their community. After the war is over, the integration decreases and the society experiences anomie. Egoism: The individual separate from society Egoistic suicide: When this type of suicide takes place, the person is not integrated enough in society and lacks this integration greatly. Example: When someone is too individualistic and displays egoism, it influences the person to kill him or herself. The person does not have a connectedness with a social group, or may not have kinship with others or personal duties, such as taking care of kids. It is easier for the person to leave society. Egoistic suicide (quote to help understand): “Egoism is the state of ego living its own life and obeying itself alone.” Durkheim says Protestants kill themselves more than Catholics because Catholics are more united with one another and integrated into a social group. Protestants are more individualistic (working hard, going to public schools, not having down time). Catholics are more connected with one another and any religion in general makes people feel connected to their community and to one another. This makes it less likely for them to commit egoistic suicide. Durkheim says suicide is not dependent on the individual, but influenced by society. There is something beyond the individual that is causing them to commit suicide. Women kill themselves less than men due to having strong kin ships with one another because they are taught to be connected with one another, while men are taught to be more individual. Suicide varies upon the degree of integration one has with society. Why do States with lower populations, such as Wyoming and Alaska, have the highest rates of suicide? Lower populations have less social networks and there is more individuality and the ability for rejection and exploitation. More importantly, these States are not Catholic!! As Durkheim proposed, Catholics have low suicide rates. The integrated society helps people from killing themselves because people have shared beliefs that control their actions as a result of the influences of society. Why do higher rates of populations, such as New York and New Jersey, have the lowest rates of suicide? Higher populations have dense social networks that cause a connectedness with others and the society. Most importantly, these States are Catholic!! As Durkheim proposed, Catholics have low suicide rates. An agreed upon morality in a society helps to keep society in line and organized. Durkheim says to keep society organized and from collapsing, there needs to be a moral code. As society becomes more complex, there is more of a need for specialization, so society gradually turns into an organic solidarity. The collective conscious is a norm in society. Durkheim says dependence on others in a society constrains our true liberty. The morality of others influences and regulates our behavior because it constrains our true liberty, and not having total freewill but being tightly connected with others balances our behavior. Solidarity: Societal integration and people grouping together or unifying with one another. Organic solidarity: Societal integration based on an interdependent, complementary function of units. Mechanical solidarity: The leader controls society and all parts, and societal integration is codependent and functions codependently In this type of solidarity, the government serves to direct people by passing and enforcing laws and moderating the society. On the other hand, the people and organizations of the society are needed to maintain its function. Example of Mechanical Solidarity: It can be shown as Chief other segments/followers. The chief is at the top of the chain/societal organization.
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