RL ST: Intro To Islam
RL ST: Intro To Islam
Popular in Course
verified elite notetaker
Popular in Department
This 7 page Study Guide was uploaded by Bana Notetaker on Wednesday October 8, 2014. The Study Guide belongs to a course at a university taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 74 views.
Reviews for RL ST: Intro To Islam
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 10/08/14
Outline for MidTerm Exam 1 Dates Four periods in Islamic history 610750 CE Early period Life of Muhammad 7501258 Abbasid Period 14531857 Three empires Ottoman Safavid and Mughal Since 1857 Modern Era Colonialism and Issues of modernity 570 birth of Muhammad b Abdullah 610 command from God recite 613 Muhammad s preaching begins 619 death of Abu Talib and Khadija 619 trip to Ta if 622 Hijra emigration from hometown of Mecca to Medina 624 battle of Badr 630 unification of Mecca and Medina 632 Muhammad dies beginning of the four quotrightlyguided caliphsquot Rashidun 632 Abu Bakr first Caliph after prophet s death 634 Umar Ibn A Khattab conquests of Byzantine and Persian empires 637 Capitulation of Jerusalem 642 Persian Empire and Alexandria fall 642 Abbasids initial conquest of Egypt 644 Uthman Ibn Affan Collection of the Qur an 645 Abbasids initial conquest of Tripoli 656 Ali Ibn Abi Talib fitna two civil wars 660750 Umayyad Dynasty The capital moved to Damascus there was Byzantine influences and were opposed by the shi a the partisans of All 661 death of Ali move of capital to Damascus under Mu39awiya 670 Uqba enters lfriqita found the city of Kairouan in Tunisia 680 passing of leadership to Mu39awiya39s son Yazid 682 Uqba reaches the Atlantic and is killed by Kusayla 692 Dome of Rock was built 711 Tariq crosses the straits of Jabal Tariq 747750 Abbasid revolution 750945 Initial flourishing 762 Baghdad founded 786809 Haroun Al Rashid 2 Terms Caliph One who comes afteniiards Caliphs are the leaders of the Muslim community after Muhammad They established authorative practice and law initiated conquests and collected an authoritative version of the Qur an Dhimmi Non Muslims living under Muslim rule protected status Fard ayn Individual duty required of each Muslim individually Fard kifaya Collective duty incumbent upon the community as a whole Fatwa pfatawa A nonbinding legal opinion rendered by a mufti Fiqh Jurisprudence legal discourse knowledge Fitna Civil discord Fuqaha39 Jurists those trained in the discipline of fiqh Furu The application of the law as opposed to its sources usul Hadith A recounting of authoritative sayings or actions words and deeds of the Prophet Muhammad as collected by his companions The two most famous books of hadith are those by alBukhari d 870 and Muslim b Hajjaj d 875 although there are many others Hanafis The most widespread of the four Sunni schools of law dominant in Turkey the Eastern Mediterranean and South Asia Hanbalis The least wide spread of the four Sunni schools of law dominant in the Arabian Peninsula Haram Forbidden one of the five values of legal action Harb War in the generic sense not necessarily jihad ljma Consensus usually of the scholars the third authoritative source for Islamic law after Qur an and Sunna ljtihad The exhaustive effort of a jurist mujtahid in investigating and deducing the law in a novel or unprecedented case Imam The leader of prayer or of a congregation a political leader Jihad A lawful and legitimate war against non Muslims or at times Muslims any legitimate and just struggle Jizya Tax imposed upon non Musim subjects living under Muslim rule Madhhab School of law group of scholars sharing a common outlook on sources and their interpretation Makruh Disapproved reprehensible one of the five legal categories Malikis One of the four Sunni schools of law dominant in North and West Africa mubah allowable indifferent one of the five legal categories Mufti Ajurisconsult authoritative person who renders a legal opinion fatwa in response to a query Mujtahid a jurist who performs ijtihad or is qualified to perform ijtihad Qadi Ajudge in an Islamic legal court Qiyas Reasoning by analogy In Islamic law jurists extend legal rulings by deriving the principle from one rule and applying that principle to another analogous situation Qur an God s revelation to the Prophet Muhammad from the years 610632 CE the most authoritative document in Islam Shafi39is One of the four Sunni schools of law dominant in Egypt and Southeast Asia Shari a Islamic law the correct path of action as determined by God Shi is Shi a A Muslim sect that differs from Sunnis in several ways especially their veneration of the Prophet s family Imami Shi Hijra The emigration of Muhammed and his followers from Mecca to Medina in 622 Sunni A Muslim sect that differs from Shi is in several ways Sufi A Muslim sect that differs from Sunni and Shi is in several ways 3 NamesPlacesOther Muhammad lbn Abdullah A town dweller and caravan leader until the age of 40 0 He is a prophet he is not divine or a poet He explicitly connected to monotheistic tradition rejected all divinity claims and responded to Biblical stories 0 He connected to local traditions rejected possession by spirits orjinn and responded to local belief systems 0 Began to preach in his hometown of Mecca after he was commanded to recite by God He performed the Hijra northeast from Mecca to Medina with his followers Mu awiya lbn Abi Sufyan Uthman s cousin and brotherinlaw of Prophet Names his son Yazid to the throne Abd Al Malik lbn Marwan Built the dome of rock Reformed Arabic Reformed the currency coinage 0 Rival of Abdullah lbn Zubayr 5quot Umayyad caliphate Umar lbn Abd Al Aziz An Umayyad Died in 720 Tries to give new converts same treatment Begins collection of hadith reports Dome of Rock Architecture of the Umayyad period Built by Abd Al Malik in 692 Umayyad Mosque in Damascus Built on foundation of St John s Church Abu Hanifa 0 Born in Kufa in 700 a grandfather from Kabul Afghanistan Cloth merchant Founder of Hanafi School 0 Died in 767 Malik lbn Anas Born in Medina Fulltime scholar and author of the Muwatta Founder of Maliki School North and West Africa Died in 795 Taught Al Shafi i Stated that not everything in the Qur an is a command it could be a recommendation Al Shafi i Born in Ghazza in 767 Traveled in search of knowledge Wrote many texts on fiqh and shari a Systemized the use of sunna Founder of Shafi l school East Africa and Southeast Asia Ahmad lbn Hanbal 0 Born in Baghdad in 780 0 Traveled for hadtih Founder of Hanbali school Sidi Uqba Mosque in Kairouan Tunisia 0 Foundation in 661 Renovated in 10quot century Abbasids Amr lbn Al As Uqba lbn Nafi Musa lbn Nusayr Tariq lbn Ziyad Kusayla Al Kahina Khadija First wife of the prophet Fatima Daughter of the prophet Ali lbn Abi Talib Son in law of the prophet since he was married to Fatima Cousin of the prophet Abu Talib The prophets uncle Abu Bakr Close companion of the prophet First caliph 0 Died in 634 A isha Bint Abu Bakr Daughter of Abu Bakr One of the prophets wives Uthman Third caliph Collected the Qur an Umar lbn Al Khattab I Companion of the prophet Second caliph Died in 644 0 Had a mosque in Jerusalem named after him lbnlshaq A historian from the 8quot century Died in 768 Wrote his famous biography of prophet Mohammed sira in Baghdad An abbasid 5 Practice 1 Which of the following religious traditions was no t known in Arabia a Buddhism b Zoroastrianism c Judaism d Christianity 2 We learn of Muhammad s life through a form of literature known as a Haram b Salam c Hadith d Sunna 3 The hijra of 622 CE refers to a The pilgrimage of the Prophet b The emigration from Medina to Mecca c The emigration from Mecca to Medina d The pilgrimage of preIslamic Arabians 4 The most important Christian empire in the Near East is the a Sasanid b Byzantine c Persian d Ethiopian 5 During Muhammad s life Egypt and Palestine were conquered by both the a Sasanid and Persian Empires b Byzantine and Persian Empires c Byzantine and Ethiopian Empires d Ethiopian and Sasanid Empires 6 According to the story of the Night Journey in today s reading why do Muslims pray five times a day a Because Moses insisted that Muhammad bargain for fewer b Because Moses insisted that Muhammad bargain for more c Because Muhammad had a vision that five was a good number d Because Moses had a vision that five was a good number 7 The Constitution of Medina was recorded by lbn lshaq who was a One of the Prophet s scribes b One of the Prophet s uncles c A historian from the sixth century CE d A historian from the eighth century CE 8 In today s reading Rippin clarifies that when it comes to portraits of 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 d all of the above Muhammad a they are forbidden b they are allowed c Shiites allow them but Sunnis forbid them d there is no single Islamic position Which of the following historical figures was a woman a Umar b Amr c Aisha d Anas The Dome of the Rock was built in the year a 761 b 561 c 661 d 691 According to traditional Islamic scholars sunna is a source for law not hadith this is because a some hadiths were made up by later generations b hadiths often disagree with one another c hadiths can include errors in the isnad and in the matn d all of the above e none of the above Which of the following is true about Thursday s reading from the hadith of alBukhari a All the hadith were about matters of Islamic law b All the hadith quoted the Prophet as sole authority c The hadiths demonstrate the Prophet can make no mistakes e none of the above lbn alZubayr was a an Umayyad Caliph b a rival to the Umayyad Caliphs c an Abbasid Caliph d a rival to the Abbasid Caliphs The subject of today s reading is a Islamic law b ritual behavior c sufism d shiism According to today s reading al Shafi i is important because he a systematized the use of the sunna b advocated a return to the 7quot century c supported the adaptation of Islam to modernity d systematized rituals like the pilgrimage 16 Rippin s final example for today addressed questions of a history b authority c how to pray d what to eat 6 Maps Rippin Atlas and ANGEL Readinqs
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'