Comparative Politics PSCI 2400
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This 4 page Study Guide was uploaded by Destin Paucek on Wednesday September 30, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to PSCI 2400 at Western Michigan University taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 18 views. For similar materials see /class/216856/psci-2400-western-michigan-university in Political Science at Western Michigan University.
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Date Created: 09/30/15
February 9 2008 PSCI 2400 Comparative Politics MidTerm 1 Study Guide The list of concepts and questions is designed to guide you I do not promise that these questions will be on the exam although some might However if you can provide detailed answers to these questions you should do very well on the exam Be thorough in your answers but do not ll them with content that does not say anything Some of the questions will be drawn from the questions bellow and some from the quizzes you had taken so far Hence I suggest you review all the quizzes I will NOT test you on the news of the exam day MultipleChoice Questions Elk59 0 9030 D ID ID ID I LAND 039 UI 1 Be prepared to de ne the main concepts discussed so far such as comparative politics comparative method politics institutions state regime government nationalism national identity political ideologies economy political economy markets public goods social expenditures regulations in ation hyperinflation democracy electoral systems constituency political parties judicial review advanced democracies integration and devolution What are the main characteristics of institutions What are the limits of comparative method What are the differences between quantitative and qualitative research methods What theories have structuredin uenced the eld of Comparative Politics in the rst sixseven decades of the twentieth century What are the major changes that shaped Comparative Politics in the 70s and 80s What factors have in uenced the appearance of nationalism What are the criteria used to compare across politicaleconomic systems How are these toolsindexes de ned What are the main tools states use to in uencecontrol trade What types of electoral systems are in the world What types of political systems exist ie presidential semipresidential What types of judicial reviews exist What do all advanced democracies have in common 14 What are the main socioeconomic changes that advanced democracies are undergoing What are the main institutions of the European Union 16 What types of political institutions does India have ie parliamentary political system bicameral legislature federal system etc What type of judicial review does the Supreme Court in India have ShortAnswer g Zuestions What is the difference between causation and correlation Be prepared to define the terms show how they differ and why is important to know the difference between them How do the basic types of political legitimacy differ Be prepared to explain each type give examples and contrast the differences between them What is the difference between a top down and a bottom up view of ethnic con ictBe prepared to give examples and to explain why a certain ethnic con ict fits one or the other of the two views What are the main types of political ideologies Be prepared to explain each political ideology give examples and contrast it with other ideologies by pointing out the differences andor similarities between them What are the main political attitudes discussed and how do they differ from political ideologiesBe prepared to discuss each of the four types of political attitudes the commonalities and differences between them What are the main types of politicaleconomic systems Be prepared to explain each system give examples and show the differences between them What are the differences between India s Lower and Upper Legislative Houses N e PI 0 l 90 Short Essay g Questions 1 Describe the difference between a majorityplurality electoral system and an electoral system based on proportional representation What is the relationship between the two different types of electoral systems and the number of parties that exist in a country What are the advantages or disadvantages of each election system type for voters political parties or the political system as a whole Give at least one example of countries that use a maj orityplurality or proportional representation electoral system Describe the difference between a presidential and a parliamentary political system What is the relationship between the executive on the one hand and the legislature and the voters on the other hand in a parliamentary system and how does it differ from a presidential system Describe India s political system and explain the above mentioned relationships in the Indian democracy N March 21 2008 PSCI 2400 Comparative Politics MidTerm 2 Study Guide I The list of concepts and questions is designed to guide you I I do not promise that these questions will be on the exam although some might However if you can provide detailed answers to these questions you should do very well on the exam I Be thorough in your answers but do not ll them with content that does not say anything I Some of the questions will be drawn from the questions bellow and some from the quizzes you had taken so far Hence I suggest you review all the quizzes I I will NOT test you on the news of the exam day MultipleChoice Questions 1 Be prepared to de ne the main concepts discussed so far such as authoritarian regime totalitarian regime personality cult coercion corporatism clientelism bureaucratic authoritarianism communism volontarism alirigisme bonyaals quangos central planning cullecilvl billUH um 1 39 39 Cindyl 39 39 2 What is cohabitation What are blocked votes 3 What are the main characteristics of an authoritarian regime 4 What is the main difference between a totalitarian regime and an authoritarian regime 5 What are the main sources of nondemocratic rule 6 What types of nondemocratic regimes exist 7 What are the main causes of communism collapse 8 What are the main problems with democratic transition in postcommunist countries 9 What are the characteristics of the executive branch in Iran United Kingdom France and Russia ie dual executive PM and presidentmonarch or Supreme Leader and President powers terms in of ce rules of election 10 What court is at the top of the judicial system in Iran UK France and Russia 11 What type of judicial review powers do the above mentioned courts have in each of the four countries 12 What are the two other institutions speci c only to Iran 13 What are the electoral rules for electing representatives to the legislative bodies in the four cases studied 14 What types of political economy systems do the four countries have today 15 What is the postcommunist transition dilemma ShortAnswer g Questions 1 What are the political means used by authoritarian regimes to maintain their power Be prepared to de ne the main concepts to describe in detail how each means is used and to provide examples N What are the five different types of authoritarian regimes discussed in class Be prepared to explain each type in detail to contrast them and to give examples for each type of authoritarian regime What is Karl Marx s theory Be prepared to summarize Marx s argument regarding the class divisions of societies throughout humankind history the theory of revolution the proletarians victory and the disappearance of the state What are the main causes for the demise of communist regimes Be prepared to discuss them in detail to explain Mikhail Gorbachev s role in the changes introduced in 1980s and nally in the overthrow of communist regimes in Central Eastern Europe How do postcommunist transitions differ from the previous transitions to democracy What are the three dimensions that these postcommunist transitions entail Be prepared to explain each dimension What are the differences between the legislative body in the United Kingdom and France What is the composition of the Iranian legislative body What different bodies are and what are their powers What is the relationship between the Supreme Leader and the legislature E 4 PI 0 Short Essay g Questions 1 Why was communism successful in thefirst place and why did itfail to live up to its promises Explain the rationale behind the initial success of proletarian revolution in Russia ie the Marxist communist ideology the reasons for which a large number of people embraced the communist ideas the reality of the communist regime what had been achieved as opposed to what had been promised and the reasons for the regimes failure What is the relationship between the executive and legislative branches in Russia and France How do these two semipresidential systems differ from each other and why Be prepared to explain in detail the r quot39 ofthe 39 and 39 39 39 quot bodies in each country to show the similarities and differences and the reasons for the existing differences Compare and contrast the political parties in the UK and France How do they differ How are they affected by the electoral systems in their countries Which party or parties are more in uential and why What is the situation of political parties in Russia What parties exist and what is their role in the policymaking process How do they in uence if they do it the Kremlin and its activity ie both executive institutionsithe president and the PM N 5 NOTE While the short answer and essay questions will most likely resemble the examples on the above list the multiple choice questions will VERY LIKELY cover issues that are not included on this study guide BUT which were discussed in class Specifically those questions will cover the four case studies discussed in class so make sure that you do know them very well
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