Test 1 Study Guide
Test 1 Study Guide GEOL 1200 - 003
Popular in Physical Geology (no lab)
GEOL 1200 - 003
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Popular in Geology
This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Keely Haggar on Wednesday September 30, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to GEOL 1200 - 003 at University of North Carolina - Charlotte taught by Jake Armour in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 87 views. For similar materials see Physical Geology (no lab) in Geology at University of North Carolina - Charlotte.
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Date Created: 09/30/15
P P PP N 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 Geology Study Guide Test Date October 1 2015 What is geology Identify and label the earths different systems What is uniformitarianism Who is James Hutton What are the 3 major physical driving forces for change on earth Which of the following would be considered a physical driving force for change on Earth a Meteorites b Cosmic Radiation c Weather d The Sun What are some major physical driving forces for change on the Earth What helps us understand the Earth is an ancient place What does phanerozoic mean when talking about eons Example of a famous sedimentary rock and how you know it is sedimentary List out the steps in the scientific method can go in any order What two factors help us tell different layers of the earth apart When looking at a fault line where are the youngernewer rocks and where are the older rocks found What is the difference between climate and weather Define Paleoclimate Define Proxidata How old is the universe a 100 mya b 3 tya c 46 bya d 14 bya What is the theory about the Earth s core What do we use to see inside the Earth s crust and how does it work In 1980 was the first Cascade Range volcano to erupt since Mt Lassen California in 191516 What type of volcanoes are Kilauea and Mauna Loa in Hawaii Which region has the greatest concentration of currently active volcanoes Which of the following statements best describes the Hawaiian volcanoes destroyed the city of St Pierre Martinique in 1902 What two gases are the most abundant gases emitted during basaltic volcanism What fate fate befell the quotLost City of Atlantisquot mentioned in Plato39s writings What volcanic events formed Crater Lake Oregon When did they take place Which kind of volcanism is typical of midoceanic ridge systems Which type of basaltic lava ow has its surface covered with sharpedged angular blocks and rubble What is the largest known volcano in the solar system PS SDP gtFD 11 3 1 What is the most common volatile constituent in both magmas and volcanic gases a Water b Hydrogen Chloride c Carbon Monoxide d Methane Of the following choices which best describes Mt St Helens To what is the geologically recent volcanic activity in Yellowstone National Park usually attributed What are the differences between volcanic blocks and bombs Why is the Pacific Ocean known as the Ring of Fire Which volcanoes are sometimes very large with a gently sloping mound composed mainly of lava ows What type of magma typically comprises stratovolcanoes What term describes igneous rocks that form when molten rock solidi es at the surface of the Earth What is a caldera 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 Answer Sheet A pretty recent science and uses physics chemistry and biology to answer questions Atmosphere Water as a gas Hydrosphere Water as a liquid Biosphere Cryosphere Composed of solid water mars has one too Geosphere What we are standing on Uniformity of processes The father of modern geology published The Theory of the Earth External Heat The sun generates instability for the planet absorbing light and radiating heat Can precipitate condense or evaporate water If the sun didn t shine we wouldn t have weather Weather Changes the Earths surface Moveserodes Gravity Brings sediment water raindrops ice downhill Moves things around on a solid planet dThesun External heat gravity internal heat impacts contraction and radioactive decay Fossils Abundant of life Grand Canyon identified by all of the layers formed from the wind and water erosion Keep in mind water erosion moves much greater particles than wind erosion so we can conclude that wind erosion takes much longer a Observation b Question c Hypothesis d Prediction 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 e Experiment f Analysis g Decision h Presentation Color and texture Older rocks are found furthest from the fault line while newer ones are closest This is because as the fault converges the plates slide or collide breaking off and creating new rock Climate is like a summation of the weather over a given period of time while weather is a short time period like a week maximum Studying past climate changes in order to predict climate change in the future Looking for things that reacted to long term weather change data that paleoclimatologists gather from natural records of climate variability c 46 bya The Earth s core is theorized as a meteorite that slammed into the early Earth due to the elements the core contains which directly match with the elements found in meteorites including a LOT of iron making it very dense Seismic Waves Energy waves that pass through the entire body of the planet which give us density measures etc Mt St Helens Basaltic Shield Volcanos The CirciumPacific area aka Ring of Fire The Hawaiian volcanoes are situated in the interior of a large Pacific plate above a hot spot deep in the mantle A nuee ardente pyroclastic flow Water and carbon dioxide It disappeared as part of caldera collapse following a major explosive volcanic eruption Caldera collapse followed by major ash and pyroclastic ow eruptions 7000 years ago Submarine basaltic lava ows A a Olympus Mon Mars a Water An explosive stratovolcano Related to intraplate hot spot volcanism Bombs are ejected as magma lumps blocks are ejected as solid fragments It is rimmed by the most subduction zones creating circulating hot magma ows under the crust Shield volcano Andesitic Extrusive
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