Review for Exam 2
Review for Exam 2 HIST 112 009
Popular in United States History since 1865
Popular in History
This 12 page Study Guide was uploaded by Emily Beasley on Friday March 18, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to HIST 112 009 at University of South Carolina taught by Foxworth in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 104 views. For similar materials see United States History since 1865 in History at University of South Carolina.
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Date Created: 03/18/16
Exam #2 Study Guide Chapter 21: Progressivism from the Grass Roots to the White House 1. What was the social gospel movement? a) a movement to get people to start singing more gospel songs b) a movement to get more people to go to church c) a movement to get Christians to participate in government 2. What is Reform Darwinism? a) idea that it is the governments job to solve social problems b) idea that the government should function under laissez faire c) idea that people will succeed is they are “fit” 3. True or False, the era of professionalizism promoted educational programs, and standards became more prevalent in the medical field. 4. Why were settlement houses created? a) to improve sanitary conditions b) housing for immigrants and African Americans c) both a and b 5. What was the purpose of the Hull House, founded by Jane Adams a) a social place to keep teens out of the streets b) a house created to help European immigrants become educated and get jobs c) a homeless shelter 6. What things led to social purity campaigns? a) Prostitution became a big business in cities b) STD became more evident c) idea that liquor leads to gambling, wasting money, and violence d) all of the above 7. What did the Comstock Act of 1873 accomplish? a) prohibit trade of pornography and birth control b) created government programs to distribute birth control c) made birth control clinics available in every state 8. The Jungle was written for which reason? a) to encourage people to travel to the jungle b) to complain about the price of food c) to invoke strong feelings about the quality of food in the food industry ANSWERS: 1 C, 2 A, 3 T, 4 C, 5 B, 6 D, 7 A, 8 C Chapter 22: World War I: The Progressive Crusade at Home and Abroad 1. What starts WWI? a) sinking of the Lusitania b) Germany attacking Poland c) the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand 2. What is trench warfare? a) children dig holes in their backyard and play soldiers b) each side digs trenching and shoot at each other c) forcing children to dig holes like in the movie, Holes 3. Why were machine guns an important invention? a) soldiers and shoot quicker because they don’t have to reload as often b) they looked badass and intimidated the opposing side c) they did not require a person to be there to pull the trigger 4. At the beginning of the war, the US was? a) Team Germany b) Team Britain c) Neutral 5. True or False, President Wilson declared war on Germany without consulting Congress. 6. What did the war do to the United States? a)gave farmers an opportunity to produce more crops to feed the soldiers b) created the selective service c) gave women new labor opportunities d) all of the above 7. What did Alice Paul want? a) the war to be over b) voting rights for African Americans c) suffrage for women d) all of the above 8. True or False, the US did NOT join the League of Nations th th 9. What was the 18 and 19 amendment? a) prohibition and giving African Americans the right to citizenship b) suffrage for women and abolished slavery c) prohibition and suffrage for women ANSWERS: 1 C, 2 B, 3 A, 4 C, 5 F, 6 D, 7 C, 8 T, 9 C Chapter 23 : From New Era to Great Depression 1. True or False, by “a return to normalcy”, Harding meant “the end of public crusades and return to private pursuits” (direct quote from textbook). 2. Due to the influence of the Russian Revolution, what occurred in America during 1919-1920? a) love of communism b) welcoming of Russian immigrants c) Red Scare 3. Which group of people wanted to protect the “Nordic Race”? a) NAACP b) KKK c) CCC 4. _____________________ was a segregated community that became a center for arts and literature of African Americans. 5. Where did Jazz get its origins? a) slave field songs b) blues traditions c) both a and b 6. What led to the stock market crash? ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ 7. Who wanted to restore confidence in the economy in the 1930’s? a) Hoover b) Truman c) Roosevelt ANSWERS: 1 T, 2 C, 3 B, 4 Harlem, 5 C, 6 see pg. 623 of textbook, 7 A Chapter 24 :The New Deal Experiment 1. What did Franklin Roosevelt do his first day in office as president? a) promise to make America great again b) closed all banks c) gave one thousand dollars to every family to stimulate the economy 2. What did Franklin Roosevelt do to inspire confidence in the US economy? a) kissed babies b) promised to make America great again c) had Fireside Chats to explain what he was doing to the average American 3. Roosevelt called his program that promised direct relief to people the __________________________________________________________. 4. Circle the 3 objectives of Roosevelt’s presidency: 1. Provide relief for poor 2. Give every family money to equal out the economic class gaps 3. Foster economic recovery of farms and businesses 4. Reform government and economy so there would be a reduced risk of devastating consequences in future economic slumps 5. Explain why the Agricultural Adjustment Act was controversial: ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ 6. What was the cause of the dust bowl? a) lack of crop rotation, a drought, and wind b) too much crop rotation ruined the soil c) the earth dried up and got dusty from people walking around on it ANSWERS: 1 B, 2 C, 3 New Deal, 4 (1,3,4), 5 see pg. 657 in textbook, 6 A Chapter 25 : The United States and The Second World War 1. What causes Britain to join WWII? a) Hitler invades Poland in 1939 b) Hitler cusses out the British Queen c) German U-boats sink British ships 2. What did the Neutrality Act prohibit the US from doing? a) the US talking to over countries b) allowing immigrants to come over c) loaning and selling war supplies to countries in war 3. True of False, Cash and Carry meant nations could pay cash for non-military supplies but they had to transport them using their own boats. 4. What was the first peacetime draft called? a) The Draft of 1970 b) Selective Service Act of 1940 c) Secret Service Mission Group 5. Who was involved in the Lend-Lease Act with the US, allowing them to get arms without cash, if they paid their debt later? a) Germany b) Britain c) Italy 6. True or False, war mobilization stopped the economic depression despite deficit spending. 7. True or False, during the war the US realized that they needed to correct the racial problems at home before fighting overseas. 8. Define the Double V campaign. ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ 9. After the attack on Pearl Harbor, what happened to the current Japanese US citizens? a) they were relocated into camps and forced to take “Loyalty Questionnaires” b) they were given golden medals c) they were sent back to Japan 10. D-Day allowed what to happen? a) the war to end right then b) the allies recapture Paris c) Germany surrenders 11. Who went to the Yalta Conference? a) Italy, Germany, France b) Japan, China, Canada c) Britain, US, Russia (Soviet Union) 12. How did the US end the war with Japan? a) dropping 2 atomic bombs b) a peace treaty c) by executing their government officials 13. What happened during the Nuremberg trials? a) Hitler was executed on live TV b) 22 Nazi soldiers were tried for the Holocaust c) Germany apologized to the Jews ANSWERS: 1 A, 2 C, 3 T, 4 B, 5 B, 6 T, 7 F, 8 see pg. 678 in textbook, 9 A, 10 B, 11 C, 12 A, 13 B Chapter 26 : Cold War Politics in the Truman Years 1. True or False, Americans lost more soldiers in WWII than Russia. 2. Why was the Soviet Union upset with America? a) they were not as wealthy as America b) they believed they should have gotten more after the war c) all of the above 3. What kind of problems did 3 world countries face during the decolonization movement? a) their nations were weak, lacked resources, and lacked knowledge on how to create a new government b) they did not know what to do with all of the money they were given after the war c) they were upset because they wanted to stay with the country that had originally colonized them 4. Who coined the term “Iron Curtain” in reference to Soviet control over Germany? a) Ronald Reagan b) Winston Churchill c) Harry Truman 5. Define the containment strategy: _________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ 6. Match: 1. Truman Doctrine a) US sent 13 billion dollars to restore Western Europe and in turn improving the US economy through trade with these countries. 2. Marshall Plan b) A treaty with US, Canada, and Western European countries to stop the Soviet spread of communism in Europe. 3. North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) c) US gave 480 million dollars to Greece and Turkey in an attempt to stop the spread of communism. 7. What let to the permanent division of Berlin in 1949? a) the Nazi’s concentration camps b) unrest between the citizens in Berlin c) the Soviet Union’s blockade of half of Berlin 8. What were the two types of governing styles that arose in Chine in 1949? Circle the Answer: Communism Socialism Democracy Nationalism 9. Who led the People’s Republic of China? a) Chiang Kai-shek b) Mao Zedong c) Donald Trump 10. Which war was dubbed the “Forgotten War” and why? ______________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ 11. North Korea was _______________, and South Korea was __________________. a) democratic, communist b) socialist, communist c) communist, democratic 12. During this war, Truman passes an executive order stating what? a) the all communist were to be killed b) military units were no longer segregated by race c) schools could be separate but equal 13. Due to the National Security Act of 1947, what 3 nation security departments were created? _____________________________________________________________________ 14. What committee was created to find communist in the US? a) House Un-American Activities Committee b) Operation Witch Hunt c) CIA 15. What did Joseph McCarthy claim to have in the 1950’s? a) cure for cancer b) names of card-carrying communist c) names of homosexuals in the government 16. What pushed the US to create a hydrogen bomb? a) Soviets creation of the atomic bomb b) launch of Sputnik c) Dr. Sheldon Cooper creating a bomb in his mom’s garage ANSWERS: 1 F, 2 C, 3 A, 4 B, 5 see pg. 693 in textbook, 6 (1-C, 2-A, 3- B), 7 C, 8 Communism, Nationalism, 9 B, 10 Korean War, bc it ended in truce, 11 C, 12 B, 13 (Department of Defence, National Security Council, CIA), 14 A, 15 B, 16 A Possible Short Answer Topics 1. W.E.B. DuBois • Important character in the Harlem Renaissance • Part of the NAACP • Argued that during WWI is was not the time to focus on public dissent with instead focus on freedom 2. Social Purity Campaigns • They started because prostitution became a big business in cities, STD’s became more evident, and because of the idea that liquor leads to gambling, wasting money, and violence • Was an effort to “clean up” the morals of the average American 3. Zimmerman Telegram • A secret telegram that was sent from Germany to mexico that promised if there was a war between Germany and the US, Germany guaranteed the return of Texa, New Mexico, and Arizona back to Mexico 4. Fourteen Points • Was Wilson’s plan for democratic world order in Europe • #1-5 end to secret treaties, freedom of seas, no barriers to free trade, reduction of weapons of war, right to self-determination for colonized people • #6-13 self determination for former German territories • #14 establishment of League of Nations • Created by Wilson but was not passed by Congress • US did not join the League of Nations that was later created 5. Scopes Trial • Started bc southern states passes a law against teaching evolution in public schools • John Scopes ( a teacher) ignored the law and taught evolution in his biology class • Tennessee court punished Scopes with a $100 fine • It inflamed divisions between city people and country people, educated and uneducated, privileged and poor 6. Trickle-Down Theory • Idea that if financial benefits and money was given to big businesses, the profits would “trickle down” and benefit smaller businesses and individuals. • Initiated by Hoover to stop Great Depression • Failed miserably 7. New Deal • The group of social and economic programs that Roosevelt developed to help the US out of the Great Depression • Successful • Provided relief to poor, economic recovery, and reforms to institutions 8. Japanese American Internment • Alien Registration Act- Japanese have to register with government • Pearl Harbor causes Roosevelt to restrict Japanese travel in US and authorizes raids and arrests of Japanese without charge • War Relocation Authority- moves 110,000 Japanese to camps and force them to take “Loyality Questionnaires to determine if they are a threat 9. Double-V Campaign • Victory over our enemies at home and victory over our enemies on the battlefields abroad • African Americans were fighting for racial freedom during WWI and WWI but did not have it in America 10.Iron Curtain • Term coined by Churchill • Describes Soviet Unions control of half of Berlin and how they would not let people in or out • This idea was used by the Soviets as a counterattack on the US’s attempt to stop the spread of communism
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