ART 2313 Exam 1 Study Guide
ART 2313 Exam 1 Study Guide ART 2313
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This 6 page Study Guide was uploaded by Selina Quick on Thursday October 1, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to ART 2313 at Texas State University taught by Pizer in Fall 2014. Since its upload, it has received 27 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Fine Arts in Art at Texas State University.
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Date Created: 10/01/15
pg is where you can nd the images I refer to in the textbook if you have it it was recommended that we make ash cards for each topic know the pictures Test is 70 Q39s20 are image based50 are multiple choice matching TF 1 Paleolithic quotold stone agequot 16 pg 38 Beginning of the period No there is not a correctunderstooduniform way of doing or representing something or someone symbolism that compels realityritualistic gt Ex lfl paint a herd of buffalo on this cave wall those buffalo will return annually 2 Fertilitv Figures 18 pg40 not based on nature based on what is observed in nature humans have a tendency to move away from this there is a spiritual connection or signi cance to a work gt People wearing bird masks totems represent a person or spirit in a different form Marks the birth of civilization Sumerians in Mesopotamia there is a sense of perpetual devotion to higher beings Theocratic larger statues tend to symbolize a more powerful person gt social hierarchy gt Fig 18 the tallest statue is the high priest king Polytheistic there are more than one God the Gods are to be feared because they are responsible for destruction 3 a manmade sacred mountain Solid made of clay with outer tile facing Raised platform helped maintain social hierarchy Closer to the quotmountainquot closer to the Godsroom for one person at the top priest Mesopotamian 4 Ancient Egypt The river ows North Upper Egypt was quotup riverquot making it SouthernLower Egypt was quotdown riverquot making it Northern lmhotep the rst architect in history funeral room 111 pg 42 funeral statues that are meant to represent your body in the afterlifeinsurance if a God chooses to let nature or criminals de le your mummi ed bodyrepresented your status and portrayed your life accomplishments Old Kingdom gt Pyramids and sphinx 112 pg 43 gt Ransacked tombs New Kingdom gt Capital is moved to deep Upper Egypt gt Temple Complexes Pylon Gateshigher beings could walk through them gt 113 pg 43 A style of art paintingsrepresented eeting moments and strayed from the traditional rigid works common in Egypt Created by later called Akhenaton he is the 1St monotheist in history and claimed to be God39s sonpraise the sun God named Aten Ex quothoney smell these flowersquotchidren sitting on parents39 lapsaffection gt King Tut shift back from Amarnafound some Amarna art in the burial tomb of Tut 5 Minoan Pillars you may have seen this image in class they39re pillars with a roundbowlshaped quotcapitolquot atop the pillar google Minoan Pillar to get a reminder if you have no idea what I m talking about gt Know that these pillars had bullsgrooves engraved beneath the quotbowlsquot to allow them to absorb shock from earthquakes this prevented building collapsemakes them advanced wet pigment is painted on wet plaster this allows the color to retain permanence Minoan palaces of Knossos 22 pg 55 has examples of their painting styles gt Celebratory of nature DID NOT focus on man s dominion over nature gt Queen s room the room with the dolphins swimming gt The city DID NOT have a defensive wall unique for society amongst the Bronze Age gt The ocean was their defense Minoans were of the few who could navigate the seas this is masonry without mortar brick glue essentially they used interlocking stones ancient legos 6 Mycenaeans The assholes that conquered the Minoans 25 pg 57 just know that this lion gate is their only signi cance it has art depicting a Minoan column with two lions standing beside it They needed a defense wall because they sucked 7 Dorian Dark Ages literacy and the potter39s wheel kind of vanish no culture or writing from this era begins here and doesn39t end until we get into Ionic order Once this ended there s a boom in population Phonecian Alphabet 29 and 210 pg 62 and 63 most if not all of these pieces were made in Attic a region outside of Athens so if you see Attic and it39s covered in geometricsymmetrical shapes animals and humans even look too much like shapes it s probably going to be geometric statues depicting nude youth freestandingstiff frontfacing poses with arms by their sides often with sts clenched teen angst perhaps they copy the Egyptians with that one foot forward pose gt men naked 212 pg 64 gt women covered painted with colorful waxes 213 pg 65 the background is black the people are red the background is red the people are black this is done by etching into the material with a stylus to draw the people comes later and is an easier process than red gures Kritios Boy a marble statue that discovers a stance that represents a shift in weight a lean or kicked out hip this is for reference another artist will be mentioned later who is more signi cant to contrapposto that you should focus more on remembering 8 Orders In chronological order plain no base of the column the pillars just run directly into the ground scrolls on top and base continuous frieze leaves ivy continuous frieze with scenery or quotadvertisementsquot 9 37 pg 86 10 Often the paint is faded on these because they are painted after the vessel has been red Usually black or brown on the top and bottom with a white center band this white quotbandquot is where the art is painted on gt Ex vase with a woman sitting in a chair her husband is standing in front of her with his armor helmet in his hands and she39s ignoring him a wife refusing to acknowledge her husband leaving for war Funerary private art that is placed alongside graves Filled with perfumed olive oil or owers Parthenon 31 pg 72 Still o Doric on the outside transitions to ionic on the inside 0 Golden Age of Athens 0Paid for by misappropriation of funds that were meant for the Delian League 0 Emtasas pillars of the Parthenon were physically distorted bent or curved to perfect nature 11 33 pg 78 this is the guy with the eggshaped head that everyone hated so they always depicted him wearing helmets Dies as a result of the famine following the Peloponnesian Wars Discus Thrower 311 pg 88 gt gt Roman copy of a lost bronze Greek original gt Represents more than human form perfection 12 creates the statue 39 pg 87 if you don39t have the book google 0 is amazing because he created a mathematical strategy for sculpting the perfect human form this math is forever lost but damn do his stone butts look perfect c That thing I mentioned about this is a perfect example of a shift in weight makes this piece super famous Man is the measure of all things nude men are perfect mankind has a special place in the universe and required a perfect mathematical equann is basically the father of sculpting he is the ideal masterpiece 13 Greek Theater we need to know the famous playwrites and what they offered modern theater Father of Rise and fall of a quottragic heroquot Moral lesson by the end of the play Highy stylized and unrealistic compared to Greek life Chorus a group of people that would sing and dance in the quotorchestraquot between costume or scene changes this quotorchestraquot is on a lowered platform amongst the front row of seats focused on teaching moral lessons explored human themes responsibility dignity etc and Comedy Witty topical comedy that was speci c to the Greek current events so there s no way for us to know who he was making fun of transition from classical to nonclassical Lysistrata about women who withhold sex from their husbands so they don39t go to war a search for peace during the Peloponnesian Wars historically and during the play peace is not resulted from these wars or withholding sex sorry feminists w 0No longer idealized or moralizing we aren39t trying to perfect things anymore 0Emphasis on gt Subtle emotionbeautyhumor gt Plato did not agree with this imagery of emotion because he felt it raised the passions did not keep people under control Naked female form begins quotmodestlyquot with females covering private parts with their hands 0318 pg 92 the man and his sons are showing emotionfearlack control of their humanity 319 pg 93 oDepicts powerful and overwhelming scenes but people respond with honor and control of their emotion Described as quotlate classical ipped upside downquot everything we expect is opposed 0These artworks were the result of dynastic rulers trying to promote their power and ability to control a style that is deemed quotanticlassicalquot and focuses on imagination emotion free expression 16 Nike of Samothrace 317 pg 92 Still Victorious graceful marble with unsupported wings traces back to classical but is perfected I Ionic scrolls temples busts sculpted faces of old wrinkly men considered powerful because they wore themselves down by living a life of self sacri ce and quotdeath before dishonorquot 416 pg 127 this is the temple of a river God in Romeperfect example 0 divination from nature should allow ideal observation of the world gt Deep porch raised platform for viewing gt Cement is used in these structures green box pg 129 o 412 pg 125 brought the Golden Age of Athensthe rst dei ed emperor quotCity of brick and mortar became a city of marblequot 19 20 Rome conquered Egypt controlled the breadbasket of the Mediterranean little chubby baby angel symbolized the emphasis Augustus put on family valuesencouraged reproduction to increase the Roman population after the wars the Altar of Peace rst imperial forum built by Augustus created by Augustus meant peace amongst Rome the Romans were the dominant force 420 109128 quothonor above lifequot the motto of the gladiators Has orders on columns in chronological order that one would learn about them doricionicCorinthian Seating was numbered and rowed like modern stadium pg 130131 Temple an imperial forum 140x14039 perfect sphere Hadrian style Pages to look at 38404243545760 fig 28 is a red figure62646582 read about 8593 g 315 might be important refer to amp 9899120121124133
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