ART 2313 Exam 3 Study Guide
ART 2313 Exam 3 Study Guide ART 2313
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This 10 page Study Guide was uploaded by Selina Quick on Thursday October 1, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to ART 2313 at Texas State University taught by Pizer in Fall 2014. Since its upload, it has received 16 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Fine Arts in Art at Texas State University.
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Date Created: 10/01/15
Test 3 Study Guide A Defined by Renaissance is French meaning rebirth It is the rebirth of humans have a special place in the universe Not a peaceful time warfare is prevalent Marked by creativity Florence Italy people were able to rise through the societal ranks but remained humble achieving fame was possible through study or mastering a skillconsidered a form of eternal life 0 Authoritative powers were hostile toward Florence during the Renaissance s initial development gt Art held political representations gt Giving toimproving the community was common orphanageslibraries VVVVV gt Formed the cornerstone of democracy this replaces the authority of the Renaissance gt Competed against one another for prestige gt Shows patronage gt Renown during the Renaissance sculptor gt David image 914 Florence 14301440 Commissioned by Medici family The 1st lifesized bronze nude since Ancient GrecoRoman times Depicts the coming of age prepubescentsymbolic of Florence s coming of age their new growth gt Equestrian Gattamelata image 915 0 The 1st lifesized bronze equestrian horse statue since Ancient Greco Roman times the last bronze sculpture we saw was a tiny statuette O Donatello was commissioned via a war contract between Gattamelata and the city state of Venice they agreed that if G conquered the Italian mainland they would build a statue of him 0 Gattamelata name means honeyed cat 0 a general that ran their own citystate and were contracted to fight or lead in battle gt St George image 913 0 Commissioned by the armory guild 0 Man holding shield D Lorenzo de gt Portrait of him is image 95 gt Medici family is full of successful bankers they re in uential to the development of the Renaissance and eventually hold political power E Lorenzo gt Sacrifice of Isaac 0 Bronze casting won a competition to be placed on a doorway gt Gates of Paradise 0 East doors of the baptistery the paved sidewalk between the baptistery and church was called the path of paradise everyone walked through these large golden doors to their baptism gt Story of Esau image 918 0 Uses linear perspective allows a 2 dimensional image to appear 3 dimensional 0 Uses the math formula designed by a how to for making 3D works 0 synoptic narrative more than one scene from the same story is in one frame highly classicized F Filippo gt Dome of the Florence Cathedral image 920 page 296 O A crowning achievement of the early Renaissance 0 Doubleshelled dome selfsupporting brick and stone herring bone brick work that uses a dome within a dome I important to know that other engineers tried to build this dome and their designs all were proven faulty except Brunelleschi s gt The Founding Hospital image 922 0 1st orphanage 1419 gt The Holy Trinity image 97 0 1st large scale painting to use mathematical 1 point perspective formula formula was written by Alberti 0 Forms a triangle 0 Red blood of Christ 0 Blue purity o All framed within a larger triangle above is salvation below is death gt The Tribute Money image 96 0 Uses things in the distance look blue or grey to add depth 0 one spot in the foreground is centered and all lines point to it adds depth and causes viewer to focus on that central item with this painting all lines lead to Christ standing among a crowd 0 light to dark is a form of shading used to enhance a form of modeling this is why photographers place lighting higher up to give the illusion of natural light gt Birth of Venus image 910 Achieved the idea of love Venus is interchangeable with the Virgin Mary The setting of the painting is in a more perfect world Inspired the Shows the Neoplatonic idea that all common ideas amongst religions should be merged into one Intellectual circle Medici is patron Goal is to discuss ideas and find commonalitiessimilarities between all religions The Dignity of Man written by members Ficino amp Mirandola gt He felt liberty to violate 1 point perspective because people were focusing on worldly concerns gt Camera Degli Sposi Image page 276 Chapter 9 introductory picture Designed for a bridal chamber people staring down at the newlyweds bed Oculus circular ceiling meant to symbolize the eye of God 1st vertical 1 point perspective Trompe l oeil tricking of the eye looking 3dimensional gt St James led to Execution image 911 Multiple 1 point perspective 0 allows an object in the picture to look 3D like it s coming out at you gt Highly intolerant of the renaissance he disapproved of people swaying from religion gt About 60 of renaissance works are destroyed during Savanarola s reign of terror gt This leads us into the mature renaissance A Defined by gt Idealization naturalism isn t enough anymore artists start gt Representation finding a simpler unity with detailsthis does not mean it s a simple work gt Pieta image 1022 0 Uses a simpler unity by combining the moment of Jesus death with his childhoodbirth where a young Mary cradles him 0 The church disagreed with it because they didn t understand the symbolism thought it was improper to depict Mary as so young gt David image page 325 0 Viewed as a secular icon sizing up your opponent 0 Political symbolism Florence is fearful that they won t be able to resist Medici led Spain gt Sistine Chapel pages 315318 0 Vatican Fresco painting 0 Figures painted larger so they can be better seen from the oor 0 Paints had fumes eyesight arthritis resulted O The Last Judgement michaelangelo adds a self portrait where he s holding the skin of St Barthalemue 0 Beardless Christ used C Leonardo gt Virgin of the Rocks or Madonna of the Rocks image 107 0 Mystery takes place in a more perfect world 0 Uses smoky darkness lines of features are intentionally blurred gt Mona Lisa gt The Last Supper image 108 0 Secco painting on dry problem because the paint dries and akes off and this creates a distortion 0 Sfumato Judas is shrowded in darkness his soul is evil 0 Depicts several emotional responses D Parmigianino gt Madonna with the Long Neck image 1020 page 323 O Mannerist 0 Unfinished 0 Only those that are in the loop would understand the incomplete nature of this E gt Defines the Renaissance Man at the end of the renaissance gt Author of The Courture gt Raphael paints his portrait Count Baldassare Castiglione image 1041 gt Designed the original plans for St Peter s Cathedral gt Plans are later given to Michelangelo he creates a with the plans gt Pg 328329 gt The Tempietto image 1025 page 326 0 High Renaissance times still believes in that idea of a central core that everything else radiates from this idea carries over into the plans for St Peters Structure that represents where St Peter was cruci ed upside down Page 329 G people are dressed in expensive lavish clothing and are posed in an unnatural way to emphasize their aristocratic or highclass status gt A Portrait of a Young Man by Bronzino image 1019 0 Perfect example of mannerism unnatural poses but effective 0 Portrays meaning that only the educatedaristocratic would understand H Theater gt Large scale paintings on canvas are used as backgrounds kind of like an elementary school play gt improv theater actors were given a general outline of what the sketch is about and have to come up with their own lines 0 First time respectable women are allowed to play roles on stage 0 image 1035 page 331 La Calendria by Peruzzi lt just know this is associated with commedia dell arte A Defined by gt All of Europe is unified by Roman Catholicism gt ALL SEEING EYE OF GOD very detailed works gt 1st glass optics allow artists to work in great detail unseen by the naked eye B Jan gt Arnolfini Marriage Giovanni Arnolfini and his Bride image 117 0 Small details oil painting 0 God is everywhere sees everything the entirety of the scene is captured 0 Van Eyck may have invented oil based paint that allows painters to layer glazes as opposed to mix colorsyou can scrape paint off and start overdoesn t dry as fast so you can put a painting away for years and come back to work on it later C Heironymus gt Garden of Earthly Delights image 119 0 Symbolizes the hopelessness of salvation we are so seeped into sin that we can t be saved 0 Marks an era where religion no longer unifies peoplewars of religion Against transubstantiation belief that the bloodbody of Christ transforms and in its place there is winebread Erasmus thought they should only be seen as symbolic He s a professor at the University of Paris and translates the bible from Greek into Latin so all literate people can read it Disapproved of the selling of indulgences these were bought to sort of absolve you of your sins you didn t need to confess if you purchased indulgences Wrote In Praise of Follv discussed the modern issues MonkPriesthighly devout Disapproved of indulgences asks to get them banned Against transubstantiation Against monasticism the idea of devoting your life entirely to your spiritual joumeyliving in a monastery Virgin Mary is only a vessel through which Christ was born he calls her an old hag this pisses off the church Helps write lyrics and rhythms for church music because it could glorify God in ways spoken word could not Famous sermons 0 Appeal to the German Nation church was incapable of changing from within while secular authority continues to impose their thoughts onto the church 0 Sermon on the Mass shared his thoughts on transubstantiation how it should only be symbolic and people should not truly believe winebread is the bloodbody and how reenacting the crucifixion is not possible or allowed F John Calvin gt Believes in predestination you have either been chosen for salvation or you have not the way you live your life determines if you were one of those chosen G Albrecht gt Better known for prints he sold them cheaply but by the masses which allowed him to become very popular gt Leonardo of the North gt First Northern artist to move to live in and study art in Florence He wanted to bring Northern concepts and incorporate them with the advancements of the Italian Renaissance gt Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse image 1112 0 Renown printing incorporates culture aspects like Hellmouth eating someone H Theater gt image 1120 0 Enlarged back porch of a pub one of only two theaters in England sensorship was done by clergy and the church because they didn t like being made fun of 0 Sexes and classes were segregated 0 Shakespeare plays performed here he probedrepresented the human spirit gt Plays were meant to only be shown once acted out on the back porches of pubs with small crowds 4 There are 3 ManifestationsForms of Baroque 1 Roman Catholic Baroque or Baroque of the Papacy A Defined by gt gt gt gt gt gt gt Counterreformgtion the Catholic Church is trying to get their followers back celebrates the saints and Virgin Mary emphasis on timelightingdynamics Council of Trent those against the Roman Catholic church are tried by a court image 122 David image 1218 0 Virtually naked shows that he is clothed in the faith of God 0 Emphasized time we know exactly what moment in this story is being captured Ecstasy of St Theresa image 1220 0 St Theresa was the because her story speaks of her sway from Catholic Church toward Protestant and her return to Catholicism after she is speared with a firedipped arrow 0 Floating on a cloud bronze rays unseen window that gives off heavenly lighting Founder of Jesuit education his church is the Giacomo della Porta image 1222 Baldacchino in St Peters image page 370 chapter intro picture Emphasizes Roman Catholicism This is where you can achieve salvation Stands above the tomb of St Peter his works showed that faith and grace are open to everyone Calling of St Matthew image 126 0 Great example of a high contrast between light and dark dark manner scenes painted of places that don t get much lighting like pubs or shadow corners 0 Works like these their artists were called Death of the Virgin image 127 0 Feet showing bloated corpse she s not idealized she s modelled by a common woman 2 3 gt gt Followed Caravaggio she was trained by her artist father raped at her art school Judith Slaying Holofernes not shown in book 0 Women taking violent control slitting throat of her rapist Aristocratic Baroque vvvg E C D vvvvvg Defined by Reaffirming the Celebrate power wealth social status Spain and France are active in the counterreformation trying to get people back into the Catholic church The Palace of Versailles Louis le Vau he s one of the only named artists that worked on Versailles out of hundreds Manicured lawns unnatural but every leaf is in its place illustrates an absolute ruler with power and wealth Peter Paul Rape of the Daughters of Leucippus image 1210 0 Good example of dynamic color and Rubenesgue figures 0 Symbolizes the bounty and wealth of the aristocrats Nicolas Rivaled against Ruben their ideas portrayed in art were contradicting Landscape with Burial of Phocion image 1212 page 383 0 Was intended for more educated viewers 0 Less emphasis on color contrasted Rubens dynamic color Theater Opera is invented during the baroque in Northern Italy 1 opera written Venice has the 1st auditorium built since ancient times for Opera Opera involves all forms of art musiccostumesetc Monarchy is directly involved 0 Louis XIV was an actor as a prince played Apollo The Sun King Dutch Baroque or The Middle Class Baroque A VVVV V Defined by Literacy for women Frugality being cautious with your money living modestly Displaying your wealth was shamefulembarrassing Windmills the Dutch dug up land and built dykes or sandbars off the coast mills were used to pump water out of these areas so the people could settle and farm the land Maps I gt The Night Watch image 1213 page 384 0 Uses building up layers of paint often these peaks on the canvas could cast shadows 0 The painting displays the chaos that is Dutch culture 0 Little girl symbolizes the nation defending the youth and future of the Dutch 0 Paintings are often small intimate Something that could hang comfortably in a person s house gt Descent from the Cross image google 0 didn t come from church it was small scale and for intimate or private viewing C Jacob van gt The Jewish Cemetery image 1215 0 About different conceptions of time Rainbow eeting moment Church collapsed but still standing a lasting structure Baroque Music Colorful ornamented does not have a single melodic line Symphonic sounding together Bach Mozart Cantata instrumental music with a choir sung parts Oratorio a form of opera beautiful costumes are taken away and everything is VVVVoto performed in black outfits simplistic but the music is chorus and beautiful 0 A famous composer for Oratorio opera was George Handel 5 f A owery delicate and detailed paintings with an erotic message to them symbolizes the youthful aristocrats B Marie Salle gt Revolutionized ballet gt Showed the public that women could dance like men if not better because they were more delicate C J acquesLouis gt Oath of Horatii page 424 0 bringing a classical style of art back after seeing what the Grecoromans created during their time 0 Heavily in uenced by the discovery of people brought back that Grecoroman style after looking into a time capsule of the old ruins 0 Inspired theater where a play would be acted out and all characters would freeze at a specific scene that replicated a famous painting at the time D Boucher gt Venus Consoling Love image 137 page 420 0 example cupid is cranky and tired after chasing Venus around on her love pursuits E Voltaire page 417 gt The Father of the Enlightenment gt believed we should focus on the similarities between religions similar to the Neoplatonic Academy in Early Italian Renaissance gt Philosophe knowledge should be made more available to the public gt those with power and wealth have an obligation to act on behalf of those without it F Diderot gt Wrote the first encyclopedia G gt The Rake s Progress The Orgy image 139 page 421 0 Shows the lack of 0 Excessive wealth deviant behavior is shocking to the public H GH Krohne The Music Room image 1319 0 Lavish interiors people become part of the art I Sculpture gt Nymph amp The Satyr image 1316 page 426 made of terracotta 0 Sculptures are small and intimate they are meant to fit comfortably within the homes 0 Had a classical appearance to them style of sculpture with a rococo meaning erotic reckless youth message
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