Exam 3 Study Guide
Exam 3 Study Guide PY 370
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Popular in Psychlogy
This 2 page Study Guide was uploaded by Jordana Baraad on Thursday October 1, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to PY 370 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Dr. Steele in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 143 views. For similar materials see History and Systems in Psychlogy at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.
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Date Created: 10/01/15
Modern psychology studies ageold questions about human nature First psychology textbook History of Experimental Psychollogy Edwin Boring 1929 3 focuses 4 types of knowledge scienti c scienti c method popular less reliable ideological religious etc legal Factors leading to development of psychology Funding Universities Social climate Academic tradition conferences and peer review Controversy Challenges facing Psych Community Mindbody problem Naturenurture debate Fragmentation Early Civilizations Mesopotamia Hammurabi s code eye for an eye Ancient Egypt Most symptoms explained by supernatural godly causes Heart central to beliefs about bodysoul Ancient Greeks Foundation of Western thought Contemplating soul 2 competing ideologies Materialism soul made of matter Idealism only ideas exist Hippocrates Father of medicine Humorism rst biological explanation of psych phenomena Blood yellow bile black bile phlegm Humor composition gave different personalities Primitive medical practices Dietary change bloodletting trepanation lndia Hinduism Karma what goes around comes around Caste system Scholar Brahamans on top Move up through reincarnation Buddhism Way to end suffering Balance between ascetism and greed Mediation End goal nirvana Precursor to Maslow s selfactualization concept China Confucianicm code of quotbeautiful conductquot Virtues kindness righteousness sobriety wisdom Trustworthiness Rome Pneuma material of soul determines personality psych Like humorism Catholicism Augustine caritas spiritual will v cupiditas carnal Precursor to Freudian idego superego Terms to Know Edwin Boring rst author of psychology history textbook Zeitgeist quotspirit of the timesquot Ethnocentricity focus on sole importance of the ideas of one s own culture Often excluding or undermining the rest Hippocrates father of medicine establisher of humorism Humorism belief that balance of 4 humors explains a person s physicalmental state and personality trepanation drilling a hole in the skull to exorcise demons from the brain reincarnation Hindu belief in soul inhabiting a new body in their next life ascetism extreme selfdeprivation shunning of greed nirvana Buddhist notion of ultimate bliss and ful llment of one s purpose pneuma uid romans believed housed the soul Duncan McDougall doctor attempting to weigh soul 21 grams
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