ERTH101-Exam2StudyGuide.pdf ERTH 101IN-001
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This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Megan Robinson on Thursday October 1, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to ERTH 101IN-001 at Montana State University - Bozeman taught by in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 216 views. For similar materials see The Earth System (lecture) in Earth Sciences at Montana State University - Bozeman.
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Date Created: 10/01/15
ERTH 101 Exam 2 Study Guide Chapters 5 6 and 7 Chapter 5 Questions 1 2 What is a plate in plate tectonics What is the difference between the lithosphere the crust the asthenosphere and the mantle and what roles does each play in plate tectonics What are the main features of the sea oor spreading model Which plates are moving the fastest The slowest What is the driving force for plate motion 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 1 How do cratons and orogens differ What are the three basic types of plate margins What is the source of Earth s magnetic field List the main features of the earth s surface 0 What the three types of plate boundaries Important Info opening and closing of ocean basins the study of the movement andEQ volcanism or deformation of lithospheric plates the branch of tectonics that deals with the interactions of lithospheric plates The study of revealed an extraordinary phenomenon of wide zone of deformation Chapter 6 Questions 1 What is the relationship between an earthquake s focus and its epicenter 2 How do scientists use seismic waves to determine the location of the earthquake 3 What is the difference between lava and magma 4 What are the types of volcanoes 5 What is the origin of rhyolitic magma Andesitic magma 6 What causes most earthquakes 7 How could volcanoes generate seismic waves 8 How do subductions cause earthquakes 9 What are Swaves and Pwaves How do they differ 10 How do Tsunamis form 11 How do gases affect magma Important Info 0 waves arrive at closer seismic stations before farther stations 0 effusive not explosive moderately explosive catastrophically explosive Chapter 7 Questions 1 What is the rock cycle 2 What are the three main classes of sediment 3 What is stress and how is it different from pressure 4 What is foliation 5 What is erosion 6 What are the three main types of metamorphism 7 What is crystallization and how is it different from recrystallization 8 What are the main types of rocks 9 How are the principles of stratigraphy applied to the determination of the relative ages of geologic materials and events 10 What are the five factors that control landscape development 11 What is viscosity Important Info Rocks chemically altered Rocks physically broken apart Minerals in igneous and metamorphic rocks form at much higher temperatures and pressures than exist at Earth s surface unstable bits of broken rock and minerals that are moved as solid particles dissolved ions are transported in solution and precipitated biochemical reactions in water conversion of sediment to a sedimentary rock Sediments deposited in a layer that is horizontal and parallel to Earth s surface Sedimentary strata are deposited from the bottom to the top youngest rocks on top oldest on the bottom sediment is deposited in more or less continuous layers E EmEm gunmazm gnaw
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