Soci 1090 Study Guide
Soci 1090 Study Guide Soci 1090
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verified elite notetaker
verified elite notetaker
verified elite notetaker
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verified elite notetaker
Dr. Jaiden Schaden
verified elite notetaker
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verified elite notetaker
This 8 page Study Guide was uploaded by Veronica Notetaker on Thursday October 1, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to Soci 1090 at Tulane University taught by Professor Vy Dao in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 196 views. For similar materials see Social Problems in Sociology at Tulane University.
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Date Created: 10/01/15
RESOURCES http wwwasanetorgindexcfm 9 Studies of different societies and aspects of society http thesocietypagesorg 9 Research sociologists have done on different aspects of society What is Sociology Sociology is the academic study of society a group of people who live in a particular territory and are subject to common systems of political and or cultural authority They are distinct from other groups They can be very small hunter gathering tribes they can be very isolated Amish society or they can be entire nations Chinese society Sociology and other sciences focuses on human culture and its products and artifacts more historical scientific study of the human mind and emotions explore applications of research fro mental health treatment seeks to explain how an individual thinks looks at the social production distribution and consumption of goods and services looks at the workings of financial institutions and wealth focuses on how people are governed through systems of politics and government looks at the process and systems of government Interested in constitutional developments for society Friday August 28 2015 Sociologists two biggest questions 0 How is an individual shaped by their social context 0 What are you wearing right now How did you choose what you re wearing Why did you choose what you re wearing o This negotiation back and forth reveals the relationship between you agency and society structure 0 How much of you is created by you and how much is in uenced by society Social Force anything in social life that can exert substantial in uence on individuals in society You can often trace the social force to one or many historical events Examples race classification and inequality technology trends major political events Monday August 31 2015 What is reality anyways Nothing is ever truly taken for granted by sociologists everything we know in society is not really real Meaning all social phenomenon have meanings and values that other people give and we understand reality based on our culture experiences and how we are socialized Therefore the social construction of reality refers to how society tells us what is meaningful valuable and real based on our social interactions and understandings Wednesday September 2 2015 CW Mills Reading Notes 19503 0 Nowadays men often feel that their private lives are a series of traps 0 We don t focus on society or things around us we re very personally driven O Encouraging more conscious thought 0 Yet men do not usually de ne the troubles they endure in terms of historical change and institutional contradiction The well being they enjoy they do not usually impute to the big ups and downs of the societies in which they live 0 People de ne their social problems with the present but don t think to nd paradigms or patterns that have been existent throughout history 0 Whatever the speci c problems of the classic social analysts however limited or however broad the features of social realty they have examines those who have been imaginatively aware of the promise of their work have consistently asked three sorts of questions 0 What is the structure of this particular society as a whole 0 Where does this society stand in human history 0 What varieties of men and women now prevail in this society and in this period 0 Something becomes a social issue when the problem overcomes many people in a society 0 When in a city of 100000 only one man is unemployed that is his personal trouble and for its relief we properly look to the character of the man his skills and his immediate opportunities But when in a nation of 50 million employees 15 million men are unemployed that is an issue and we may not hope to find its solution within the range of opportunities open to any one individual Case Study 0 A young woman Jane Doe 24 years old graduated in 2012 with a 388 GPA O Majored in nance and sociology 0 Very involved student government travel abroad extensive volunteering dean s list 0 Articulate personable well read and civic minded 0 When she gets out of college she has plans 0 PLAN A get job at an accounting rm in an industry in a large city near her home 0 PLAN B take LSAT and apply to law school 0 Sends out a lot of resumes but only gets 2 interviews and doesn t get hired 0 To make money she works part time at retail stores and found some temporary employment doing clerical work at a dentist s of ce 0 Studies for LSAT and takes it gets 1 spot at a high caliber school but it has high tuition and 1 spot at a mid tier school but cheaper 0 Family and friends are very supportive but she s living at home and not making a lot of money 0 According to Mills this is a public issue because the personal trouble is reinforced by social context Structure versus Agency The two questions sociologists are asking can often be seen in the public discussions about social problems and issues in the form of people discussing over structure versus agency Fareed Zakaria talks about lack of gun control laws as a social force not psychological problem but a social problem gun culture 9 structure David Brooks how society can x what s happening versus people personally not just the concrete law is what will change things but public viewing of the law 9 agency Sandy Hook asks for a call of civility agency minded 9 structure and agency Friday September 4 2015 COMMON SENSE Common sense versus social expectations Unspoken Understood Unbreakable When we break unbreakable rules 0 Common sense is so ordinary that we tend to only notice it when it s missing page 7 0 Common sense is limited by the individual persons reasoning skills 0 Common sense is strongly linked to place and space their historical and cultural contexts but individuals do not see this When does it work Routine public transportation Generalizable traveling to a new city Consistent being introduced to new person Simple consuming food Clear putting together a new piece of furniture Wednesday September 9 2015 When and why does common sense fail Complex most social problems Unpredictable most political or economic climates beyond a relatively short period of time Unknowable most demographics or social statistics beyond a relatively short period of time birthrates marriage rates mortgage rates housing rates etc an engaged conversation about a social issue Friday September 11 2015 0 Civil discourse favors an objectivist view 0 Objectivist View creates a real thing that we can all look at and creates multiple valid perspectives 0 Every view is equal and valued the same way they re just different views 0 Every perspective has a major agreement social harm o Harm is subjective relative and contextual so declaring something harmful is challenging 0 Even if we declare that something is harmful we can t agree on the type of harm Conditions that are now deemed harmful that have not always been considered harmful 0 Sexism 0 Racism 0 Domestic violence 0 Child abuse People may disagree on why or why not something is a social problem subjectivism Some people have less money than others and suffer from a lack of food and shelter OBJECTIVE The social problem is poverty and impoverishment has only been highlighted by concerned citizens recently SUBJECTIVE Take away it s not about identifying social problems it s about the process that people use to construct the problems STAGES OF SOCIAL PROBLEMS Stage 1 claimsmaking someone makes a claim Stage 2 media coverage the claim gets attention Stage 3 public reaction public opinion is formed Stage 4 policy making lawmakers use momentum of media and public reaction to create policies Stage 5 social problems workers people that begin to implement policies in their work Stage 6 policy outcome often people step back and evaluate the impact of policy Monday September 14 2015 Stage 1 claimsmaking someone makes a claim 0 an assertion that something is wrong 0 Claims can be made by advocates activists and experts raiding awareness of this new social problem 0 There is a formula to every claim 0 CLAIMS Grounds what the issue is 39 Warrants why the issue is happening and why we should care 39 Conclusions how to solve the issue The Rhetoric Recipe 0 Rhetoric 0 Language that is intended to in uence people and that may not be honest or reasonable 0 The art or skill of speaking or writing formally and effectively especially as a way to persuade or in uence people Wednesday September 16 2015 Claims are arguments efforts to persuade others that something is wrong that there is a problem that needs to be solved 18 0 An assertion there is a problem 0 A bid for attention to an issue 0 The beginning of a dialogue 0 An issue put forth by a claimsmaker 0 The first part of the claimsmaking process BULLYING VIDEO 1 Grounds a Case i Little girl choked Doctor dismissing bullying Student s grades dropping iv Suicidal student b Name i Bullying c Numbers i People with disabilities 2 or 3 times more likely to be bullied 9 times more likely to commit suicide Every 7 minutes a child gets bullied on the playground iv 90 of children with autism get bullied 2 Warrants a Dignity nobody deserves to feel worthless b Safety schools should be a safe place c Fairness treating people with disabilities is not right 3 Conclusions a Support the organization b Spread the word The claimsmaker who makes the opening bid Who are you trying to convince 0 Audiences are not passive but active 0 They might seek out some claims reject others and pick and choose what makes most sense to them 0 Successful claimsmakers are aware of this sand pay attention to how the audience is resiondini to their claims 0 0 Different social demographics often creates smaller audiences which worry about only certain kinds of social problems the most 0 These segmented audiences may have different interests and ideologies Audience Claimsmaker Marketplace 0 Once a claim is made it goes to the marketplace where the audience picks up what they think is important Dialogue is continued between the claimsmaker and the audience throughout the process and is constantly ongoing 0 The audience is made up of common people who advocate the issue rather than the media or other big organizations Valence vs Position Valence 2 issues that everyone agrees are a social problems child abuse etc Position 2 polarizing issues abortion etc Friday September 18 2015 Social problems marketplace Competition at any given time there are numerous claims about a variety of social problems Creativity claimsmakers struggle to get the attention of the public Complexity even when claims are made they have to be explained in a comprehendible way when a newer claim builds upon an older more established social problem s claim Claim vs Counterclaim most claimsmaking campaigns will inspire counterclaims 0 These disputes happen most often over grounds and warrants o Counterclaims may include stat wars over which statistics are more re ective of the true situation 0 Debates over differing ideologies 0 Usually both sides modify claims as a response to counterclaims Cultural Resources 0 Should make sense 0 Limits claimsmaking process 0 Enriches claimsmaking process Friday September 25 2015 Examples of Civic Discourse rhetorical strategies 0 Appeal to reason or logic 0 Appeal to emotion 0 Personal attacks 0 Begging the question 0 Anorexic girls are skinny is anorexic the same as skinny 0 Broad generalizations 0 We all think 0 It s obvious that 0 Absolute choices limited thinking 0 We must Monday September 28 2015 Why is it important to know the claimsmaker Two ty es of claimsmakers 1 P already near to sources of power and thus easier to conduct claimsmakin and find it easier to conduct claimsmaking without as much attention they operate externally to sources of power in the society and so have to work hard as claimsmakers to get and maintain attention of others Malala Yousafzai outsider amposeph Stiglitz insider 0 Both activist claimsmakers and Nobel Prize Winners 0 Malala education activist in Pakistan Outsider o Stiglitz economist at Columbia University Insider 2 Activists 0 Both insider and outsider activists are often part of social movements 0 overarching large scale causes 0 smaller groups more narrowly focused than large scale causes 0 According to Best frames are the way that claims are structured within a larger cultural context 0 Frames allow social movement groups to powerfully organize the claim to most easily communicate in dialogue with the audience about their cause 0 They are the claimsmaking strategies using grounds warrants and conclusions of a large collection of people all on the same cause 0 Three kinds of frames 39 Diagnostic grounds 39 Motivational warrants 39 Prognostic conclusions 0 The importance of frames 39 The more activists can align frames with the hopes thoughts and dreams of those they are trying to enlist to the cause the greater the chance of recruitment to their claim s cause Wednesday September 30 2015 Frames Are 0 Storytelling a frame provides a compelling and interesting narrative on What an issue is Why it is important and What can be done 0 Spotlights a frame highlights and focuses attention on an issue You have put an issue on display to stress its signi cance and importance 0 Portable a large number of like minded claimsmakers can get organized by telling the same stories
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