Exam 1 Study Guide
Exam 1 Study Guide 150
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This 8 page Study Guide was uploaded by Peter Wilson on Friday October 2, 2015. The Study Guide belongs to 150 at University of Wisconsin - Eau Claire taught by Christine Gabel in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 208 views. For similar materials see Disease Detectives in Human Development at University of Wisconsin - Eau Claire.
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Date Created: 10/02/15
ENPH 150 Unit 1 Chapters 13 Study Guide Christine Gabel 10012015 Chapter 1 1 Which of the following describes epidemiology a Concerned with the study of the adverse effects that occur in living organisms due to chemicals b The study of microorganisms such as bacteria viruses and fungi c Concerned with the distribution and determinants of health and diseases morbidity injuries disability and mortality in populations d Concerned with the structure functions and diseases of the nervous system 2 The occurrence of an illness in a community or region is known as an a Pandemic b Plague c Exposure d Epidemic 3 What is a population a A small group drawn from a larger population b All of the inhabitants of a given country or area c The counting of cases of illness or other health outcomes d None of the above 4 The term implies that the occurrence of diseases and other health outcomes vary in populations a Distribution b Outcome c Exposure d Pandemic 5 Morbidity is best described as a All the possible results that may stem from exposure to a causal factor b Illnesses due to a specific disease c Any cause of death d The field of toxicology 6 Any factor that brings about change in a health condition or other defined characteristic is known as an a Outcome b Mortality c Pandemic d Determinant 10 11 12 13 What is quantification All the possible results that may stem from exposure to a causal factor The course of disease from its beginning to its final clinical endpoints The prevention of disease before it occurs The counting of cases of an illness or other health outcomes 9039 The natural history of disease is best described by which of the following Only the period before a disease agent has interacted with the host Belief that disease was transmitted by a miasm or cloud that clung low to the Earth The period of disease from the beginning to its final clinical endpoints Only the period after the agent has interacted with the host 9069 Who noticed scrotal cancer among chimney sweeps in England a Sir Percival Pott b Hippocrates c Edward Jenner d Paracelsus John Snow believed that The Tuskegee Study was unethical Cats were the cause of the Black Death Cholera was transmitted by contaminated water Disease was transmitted by a cloud that clung low to the Earth s surface 9069 Ramazzini is regarded as the founder of the field of a Toxicology b Occupational medicine c Epidemiology d Microbiology He is known as the Columbus of statistics due to his contributions to vital statistics a John Gaunt b Paracelsus c John Snow d Hippocrates Edward Jenner is best known for a Being one of the founders of the field of toxicology b Believing disease was caused by a specific organism c Developing the smallpox vaccine 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 d Discovering the antimicrobial properties of penicillin Who verified that human disease was caused by a specific living organism a Sir Percival Pott b Alexander Fleming c Robert Koch d JN Morris The prevention involves activities that limit disease progression a Tertiary b Primary c Natural d Secondary Epidemiology is a science meaning that it uses information from many fields a Environmental b Interdisciplinary c Secondary d Biomedical The prevention involves the prevention of disease before it occurs a Primary b Tertiary c Secondary d Alternate Descriptive epidemiology refers to which of the following a It examines causal hypotheses regarding the association between exposure and health condition b Counting of cases of illness or other health outcomes c Studies that are concerned with characterizing the amount and distribution of health and disease in a population d Capitalizes on naturally occurring situations to study the occurrence of disease A shift from high death rates to much lower death rates in a society is an example of a transition a Biological b Demographic c Epidemiologic d Societal What was some of the participants in the Tuskegee Study infected with AIDS Ebola Tuberculosis Syphms 9069 21 Which of the following is defined as the probability that an event will occur a Risk b Risk factor c Risk assessment d None of the above 22 The method of reducing healthcare costs by providing integrated care for chronic conditions is known as a Operations research b Disease management c Risk assessment d Mortality management 23 Which of the following is not true of epidemiology a Findings from research are rarely reported in popular media b Is primarily an observational science c Studies occurrence of diseases and health outcomes in populations d Demonstrates many characteristics of a liberal arts discipline 24 Which of the following bit humans and infected them with the Black Death a Rats b Cats c Fleas d Ticks 25 Which of the following is true about ethics in research a Promotes the aims of research such as avoidance of error b Promotes values that are essential to collaborative work c Ensures that researches can be held accountable to the public d All of the above Chapter 2 TrueFalse 26 A discontinuous variable is a variable that could have an infinite number of values 27 A bar chart is a type of graph that shows the frequency of cases for categories of a categorical variable 28 A proportion is defined as the value obtained by dividing one quantity by another 29 In a rate the denominator involves a value of time 30 A percentage is a proportion that has been multiplied by 100 31 A count refers to the occurrence of new disease or mortality within a defined period 32 Calculation of crude rates is a much more involved procedure than for ageadjusted rates Multiple Choice 33 The rate is found by dividing the number of new cases that occur during a time period by the number of individuals in the population at risk a Incidence b Count c Birth d Prevalence 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 prevalence refers to all cases of a disease within a period of time whereas prevalence regards cases diagnosed at any time during a person s lifetime a Lifetime period b Period lifetime c Point lifetime d Period count Which describes prevalence a The occurrence of new disease or mortality within a defined period of observation b The population at risk of developing a disease c The number of deaths due to a disease that occur among those infected with that disease d The number of existing cases of a disease or health condition in a population A rate has not been modified to take account any factors such as demographic makeup a Crude b Fixed c Causespecific d None of the above The population from which cases of a disease have been taken is known as what a Point b Reference c Count d Prevalence The rate refers to the number of deaths due to a disease that happen among people affected with that disease a Case morbidity b Causespecific c Case fatality d Incidence The rate refers to mortality or frequency of a disease divided by the population size at the midpoint of a time period times a multiplier a Agespecific b Sexspecific c Point Prevalence d CauseSpecific Which of the following must first be done before presenting data a Graphing b Counting c Tabulating d Publishing How can prevalence not increase a Longer duration of cases b Decreased incidence c Migration moving in d Longer life without cure Chapter 3 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 Which a good source of obtaining mortality data a US Census Bureau NCHS National Center for Health Statistics BRFSS Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System b c d NPCR National Program of Cancer Registries Which of the following is useful to track cancer rates a Vital events b Maternal mortality rates c Certificates d Registries Which of the following are not vital events a Divorces b Marriages c Anniversaries d Births Birth statistics include a Live births and fetal deaths b Live births and maternal deaths c Only live births d Live births fetal deaths and maternal deaths The US Bureau of the Census provides data that can be used to define the in rates a Numerator b Denominator c Both A and B This type of data is almost totally complete due to being unlikely to go unrecorded a Morbidity b Incidence c Mortality d Prevalence Death certificate data is likely to contain which of the following a Place of death b Age and gender c Time of death d All of the above Which of the following defines public health surveillance a The systematic and continuous gathering of information about the occurrence of diseases and other health phenomena b The generalizability of the findings to the population from which the data have been taken c Reducing healthcare costs by providing integrated care for chronic conditions d None of the above 50 Public health surveillance systems can be used for which of the following a Infectious diseases b Noninfectious diseases c Risk factors for chronic diseases d All of the above 51 What is a good organization for obtaining international data regarding disease and health a BRFSS Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System b WHO World Health Organization c NCHS National Center for Health Statistics d SEER Program Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results TrueFalse 52 Maternal mortality results from causes associated with all deaths 53 The infant mortality rate is defined as the number of infant deaths among infants 0 to 365 days a year divided by the number of live births during the same year 54 Perinatal mortality is defined as the death of the fetus when it is in the uterus and before delivery 55 The general fertility rate involves women aged 1835 56 The crude birth rate refers to the number of live births during a specified period per the resident population at the midpoint of the year 57 Physicians must always report cases of reportable diseases to health authorities Answer Key 15 D 16B Chapter 1 17A 18C Multiple Choice 19 B 20D 21A 139 C39 223 239 D 23A 339 339 24C 4 A 250 5 B 6 D 7 D Chapter2 8 C 9 A TrueFalse 10 C 26 False continuous 11B 27True 12 A 28 False ratio 13C 29True 14C 30True 31 False incidence 42 B 32 False ageadjusted rates crude 43 D rates 44C 45A 46 B 47C Multiple Choice 33A 50 D 34 B 51 B 35 D 36 A TrueFalse 37 B 52 False pregnancies 38C 53True 39 D 54 False fetal mortality 40 B 55 False 1544 41 B 56True 57True Chagter 3
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