New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Geology 101: Gelogy - Study Guide

by: Samuel Oppong

Geology 101: Gelogy - Study Guide Geology 101

Marketplace > Washington State University > Geology > Geology 101 > Geology 101 Gelogy Study Guide
Samuel Oppong
GPA 2.7

Almost Ready


These notes were just uploaded, and will be ready to view shortly.

Purchase these notes here, or revisit this page.

Either way, we'll remind you when they're ready :)

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Study Guide
50 ?




Popular in Gelogy

Popular in Geology

This 3 page Study Guide was uploaded by Samuel Oppong on Wednesday October 15, 2014. The Study Guide belongs to Geology 101 at Washington State University taught by Wilkie in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 471 views. For similar materials see Gelogy in Geology at Washington State University.


Reviews for Geology 101: Gelogy - Study Guide


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 10/15/14
Notes Q What is sediment and where does it come from Sediment is weathered pieces of rock They comes from rocks on the surface Q What are the 3 classescategories of sedimentary rock and under what conditions do they form Clastic chemical and biogenic Biogenic is made in life Chemical comes from fluids Clastic comes from sediment rocks Q What is the most abundant sedimentary rock type group clastic E For clastic rocks be able to recognize sorting and rounding differences What do these textures indicate about the sediment transport distance Sorting is well sorted intermediate sorting and poorly sorting Sediment are the same size for well sorted Poorly is different sizes Intermediate sorted is in between The further it transported the more rounded and better sorted The more poorly something the less something is If intermediate it is half fast and hale slow Q How is the sorting rounding and size of particles affected by the agent of transport wind water ice Water round faster Wind transports little rocks far away Ice can move bigger pieces but can39t sort pretty far Q What does the energy level of a river indicate about the maximum particle size that can be transported Higher energy higher particle size Q What are sedimentary structures What information do they provide Be familiar with the different types of sedimentary structures and what method of transport they are associated with wind water ice Structure in the rock that show ancient features They can tell which direction the sediment is being transported Some of them are bidding planes and mudcracks Q Be familiar with the different kinds of sedimentary environments What environment would limestone form in Coal Sandstone with large scale cross bedding What are evaporates and what environment would they form in Limestone form in shallow marine and cabins Coal form from swamps Sandstone form from sand dunes Evaporates comes from dry bodies of water Q How does sediment become a sedimentary rock What is lithification and diagenesis Sediments compacts together cements and it altered Q You find an outcrop of sandstone that is composed of very well sorted and well rounded grains of quartz sand with symmetrical ripples What can you tell me about the environment of deposition Being transported far and at a beach gt Q Why is weathering important Weather is important because they make sediments gt Q What is weathering and erosion how do they differ Weather is break down break of rocks Erosion is the act in which earth is worn away often by water wind or ice gt E Be familiar with the different types of chemical hydrolysis oxidation dissolution weathering and physical exfoliation frost wedging etc many more weathering Water dissolves it Oxidation is rusty Hydrolysis is break water apart Frost wedging is getting water to freeze inside of a crack and expand the crack Exofoliation is break apart stuff Dissolution dissolve gt Q What factors control the rate of weathering Ex Question Would a climate which has high rainfall and hot temperatures be more susceptible to slow moderate or fast weathering rates Fast with high rainfall and extreme temperature Low rainfall it would move slow gt Q How does the composition of the rock the minerals it is composed of affect weathering What type of chemical weather would affect granite think feldspar or basalt mafic minerals pyroxene and amphibole or limestone A limestone dissolve in acidic rain Different minerals composed of different things and speed gt Q How does the climate affect the development of the soil profile Where would you find the least developed soils Which one would you find the thickest accumulation of organic matter Some of them exist on some climate Least development soil would exist without rain at constant temperature Temperate climate gt What are the controlling factors of metamorphism Rock properties climate soil length of exposure gt What are the main types of metamorphism where do they occur geologically and what type of plate boundary are they associated with them if any Regional and contact Contact metamorphism anywhere there is an intrusion of plutons on the convergent plate boundary regional metamorphism mountains gt What is foliation What pressure condition is needed for its development What other factor determines if a rock will develop a foliation Will a limestone or sandstone parent rock develop foliation under directed pressure and a high temperature Why or why not How are these rocks classified texturally What is recrystallization Foliation is planar arrangement of structural or textural features in any rock type but particularly that resulting from the alignment of constituent mineral grains of a metamorphic rock of the regional variety along straight or wavy planes Directed and high pressure is needed Yes intermediatehigh schist coarse grained Recrystallization is when crystals grown larger or change shapes gt Describe the changes a parent rock such as mudstone will undergo as the metamorphic grade is increased in terms of texture and rock name Do any new minerals form How does the new mineral size change with grade How does this relate to how the metamorphic rock is named Contact metamorphism takes place locally near igneous intrusions It is caused by low to moderate pressure intense heat and reactions to magma that is being metamorphosed When contact metamorphism takes place with mudstone or shale slate is formed The mudstone or shale is the parent rock or protolith gt What are index minerals How can they be used to constrain the temperature and pressure conditions of metamorphism Index minerals are characteristic minerals that define metamorphic zones formed under restricted range of temperatures and pressures EX garnet Geologists use index minerals to determine the temp and pressure conditions of which metamorphic rocks formed gt What is the difference between highgrade and lowgrade metamorphism see Figure78 High grade metamorphic rocks are formed at higher pressures and higher temperatures High grade metamorphism occurs at temperatures greater than 320 degrees C and relatively high pressures Low grade metamorphic rocks are formed at lower pressures and lower temperatures Low grade metamorphism occurs at relatively low pressures where temperatures range from roughly 200320 degrees C


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

50 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Amaris Trozzo George Washington University

"I made $350 in just two days after posting my first study guide."

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.