Anthropology Study Guide 2
Anthropology Study Guide 2 ANTH 1100 350
University of Memphis
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Popular in anthropology, evolution, sphr
This 1 page Study Guide was uploaded by Annika Coley on Friday March 18, 2016. The Study Guide belongs to ANTH 1100 350 at University of Memphis taught by Dr. Barton in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 33 views. For similar materials see Biol Anth & Prehistory in anthropology, evolution, sphr at University of Memphis.
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Date Created: 03/18/16
Anthropology Study Guide II What do the shoulders of primates suggest about our shared origins? Why are prehensile hands and tactile pads, important for primates? What is the primary means of locomotion for chimpanzees, bonobos, and gorillas? How does this locomotion reflect structural differences between the other Great Apes and us? Our shoulders have brachiation allowing swinging and a wide range of motion which indicated that our ancestors may have lived in trees. Prehensile hands and tactile pads are important because they allow for greater dexterity and the ability to use tools. Gorillas primarily use knuckle walking while chimpanzees and bonobos have a tendency towards erect posture and occasional bipedal walking. The other great apes have yet to adopt complete bipedal walking while we have. What are the differences between omnivorous, herbivorous, carnivorous, and frugivorous? How are these differences reflected in our teeth? What is the dental formula for the Great Apes? What does this formula show about our diet, and our social structures? Omnivores eat both meat and plants. Herbivores eat only plants. Carnivores eat only meat. Frugivores eat only fruit. Our teeth are not specialized to a specific diet because we consume a variety of foods. The dental formula is 2123 with incisors, canines, premolars, and molars. The canines of a male gorilla show the sexual dimorphism of the species because the males’ canines are much larger than the females’. What is diurnal vs nocturnal; which are primates? Which of these is most important of all the senses to the primates? Why is stereoscopic vision so important for primates? Nocturnal animals are active at night while diurnal animals are active during the day. Primates are diurnal. Vision is the most important sense. Stereoscopic vision is important because it allows for depth perception and the ability to process complex images in the mind. What is sexual dimorphism? How is this reflected in gorillas? What is the name of a gorilla group? What are Hominoids? Sexual dimorphism is the differences between the sexes. Male gorillas are double the size of female gorillas because they practice infanticide and only the strongest and largest male’s offspring will survive. A gorilla group is a harem. Hominoids are great apes, us, gorillas, chimpanzees, orangutans, etc.
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